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A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold

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A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold [#permalink] New post 06 May 2012, 09:53
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A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold for $250 each, which represents a 20 percent markup over the dealer’s initial cost for each camera. Of the cameras ordered, 6 were never sold and were returned to the manufacturer for a refund of 50 percent of the dealer's initial cost. What was the dealer's approximate profit or loss as a percent of the dealer’s initial cost for the 60 cameras?

A. 7% loss
B. 13% loss
C. 7% profit
D. 13% profit
E. 15% profit
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Re: A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold [#permalink] New post 23 Jun 2012, 06:31
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54 cameras gave 20% profit while 6 incurred 50% loss. or out of 10, 9 gave profit.

suppose total cameras = 10, out of which 9 gave 20% profit
suppose 100 was the cost of each. total profit 100*10=1000

profit from 9 = 20*9 = 180
loss from 1 = 50*1 = 50
total profit = 180-50 = 130

so, 130 profit from a cost of 1000. that is 13% profit.
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Re: A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold [#permalink] New post 24 Jun 2012, 21:20
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pgmat wrote:
A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold for $250 each, which represents a 20 percent markup over the dealer’s initial cost for each camera. Of the cameras ordered, 6 were never sold and were returned to the manufacturer for a refund of 50 percent of the dealer's initial cost. What was the dealer's approximate profit or loss as a percent of the dealer’s initial cost for the 60 cameras?

A. 7% loss
B. 13% loss
C. 7% profit
D. 13% profit
E. 15% profit


Use weighted avgs for a quick solution:

On 54 cameras, the dealer made a 20% profit and on 6 cameras, he made a 50% loss. Cost Price of 54 cameras:cost price of 6 cameras = 54:6 = 9:1

Avg Profit/Loss = (.2*9 + (-.5)*1)/10 = 1.3/10 = .13 = 13% profit

For more on weighted avgs, check: http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2011/03 ... -averages/
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Re: Of the cameras ordered, 6 were never sold and were returned [#permalink] New post 16 Nov 2012, 22:48
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carcass wrote:
A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold for$250 each, whichrepresents a 20 percent markup over the dealer's initialcost for each camera.
Of the cameras ordered, 6 were never sold and were returned to the manufacturer for a refund of 50 percent of the dealer's initial cost. What was the dealer's approximate profit or loss as a percent of the dealer's initial cost for the 60 cameras?
(A) 7% loss
(B) 13% loss
(C) 7% profit
(D) 13% profit
(E) 15% profit
have fun. is not difficult to conceptualize but is difficult because if you are not organized and clear you are get in trouble.
I would not show the OA but the rules are stringent. either way try on your own :)


actually, if one could visualize this problem properly, it could be solved in less than 30 secs without getting into any dirty calculations.
Here is my 30 sec approach:
Notice that it is actually a wighted ratio problem, where 9 parts earned 20% profit and 1 part earned 50% loss. (54 for profit, 6 for loss).
Hence overall profit/loss = (9*20 -1*50) /(9+1) = 13
Ans D it is!
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Re: A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold [#permalink] New post 06 May 2012, 10:07
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pgmat wrote:
A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold for $250 each, which represents a 20 percent markup over the dealer’s initial cost for each camera. Of the cameras ordered, 6 were never sold and were returned to the manufacturer for a refund of 50 percent of the dealer's initial cost. What was the dealer's approximate profit or loss as a percent of the dealer’s initial cost for the 60 cameras?

A. 7% loss
B. 13% loss
C. 7% profit
D. 13% profit
E. 15% profit


Total cost 60*($250/1.2)=50*250;

# of cameras sold is 60-6=54 total revenue is 54*250;
# of cameras returned is 6 total refund 6*(250/1.2)*0.5;
So, total income 54*250+ 6*(250/1.2)*0.5

The dealer's approximate profit is (54*250+ 6*(250/1.2)*0.5-50*250)/(50*250)*100=13%

Answer: D.
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Re: A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold [#permalink] New post 24 Jun 2012, 11:23
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MBAhereIcome wrote:
54 cameras gave 20% profit while 6 incurred 50% loss. or out of 10, 9 gave profit.

suppose total cameras = 10, out of which 9 gave 20% profit
suppose 100 was the cost of each. total profit 100*10=1000

profit from 9 = 20*9 = 180
loss from 1 = 50*1 = 50
total profit = 180-50 = 130

so, 130 profit from a cost of 1000. that is 13% profit.


hey ths is greatt !
i truly struggled for ths .. thnx for such easy way out.
+1 for ths. thnx
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Re: Of the cameras ordered, 6 were never sold and were returned [#permalink] New post 16 Nov 2012, 22:15
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carcass wrote:
A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold for$250 each, whichrepresents a 20 percent markup over the dealer's initialcost for each camera.
Of the cameras ordered, 6 were never sold and were returned to the manufacturer for a refund of 50 percent of the dealer's initial cost. What was the dealer's approximate profit or loss as a percent of the dealer's initial cost for the 60 cameras?

(A) 7% loss

(B) 13% loss

(C) 7% profit

(D) 13% profit

(E) 15% profit

have fun. is not difficult to conceptualize but is difficult because if you are not organized and clear you are get in trouble.

I would not show the OA but the rules are stringent. either way try on your own :)


Cost to dealer for 60 cameras = \frac{250}{1.2}*60 = $12,500

Revenue for 54 cameras = 54*250 = $13,500

Revenue from 6 cameras = \frac{250}{2.4}*6 = $625

Total Revenue = $14,125

Profit percent = \frac{14125-12500}{12500} = 13%

Answer is D.

Otherwise, If one were short on time and I had to guess, One can eliminate A,B & C by looking at the problem itself and improve my chances of guessing the right answer to 50% between D & E.

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Re: A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold [#permalink] New post 23 Jun 2012, 03:06
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kashishh wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
pgmat wrote:
A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold for $250 each, which represents a 20 percent markup over the dealer’s initial cost for each camera. Of the cameras ordered, 6 were never sold and were returned to the manufacturer for a refund of 50 percent of the dealer's initial cost. What was the dealer's approximate profit or loss as a percent of the dealer’s initial cost for the 60 cameras?

A. 7% loss
B. 13% loss
C. 7% profit
D. 13% profit
E. 15% profit


Total cost 60*$250/1.2=50*250;

# of cameras sold is 60-6=54 total revenue is 54*250;
# of cameras returned is 6 total refund 6*(250/1.2)*0.5;
So, total income 54*250+ 6*(250/1.2)*0.5

The dealer's approximate profit is (54*250+ 6*(250/1.2)*0.5-50*250)/(50*250)*100=13%

Answer: D.


Dear Bunuel,
Ths is a doubt i face with %ages, in ths quest too.
could you pls tell where i m going wrong?
when 20% mark up for initial cost is given , how to calculate it?
250 - 20/100*250 or to take if 120 is 250 then how much is 100?
how have you arrived at 1.2?


If it's given that the selling price is $250 and the markup over the initial cost is 20%, then: {Cost}+0.2{Cost}=1.2*{Cost}={Selling price} --> 1.2*{Cost}=$250 --> {Cost}=$250/1.2.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold [#permalink] New post 27 May 2013, 11:19
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FTGNGU wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
pgmat wrote:
A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold for $250 each, which represents a 20 percent markup over the dealer’s initial cost for each camera. Of the cameras ordered, 6 were never sold and were returned to the manufacturer for a refund of 50 percent of the dealer's initial cost. What was the dealer's approximate profit or loss as a percent of the dealer’s initial cost for the 60 cameras?

A. 7% loss
B. 13% loss
C. 7% profit
D. 13% profit
E. 15% profit


Total cost 60*($250/1.2)=50*250;

# of cameras sold is 60-6=54 total revenue is 54*250;
# of cameras returned is 6 total refund 6*(250/1.2)*0.5;
So, total income 54*250+ 6*(250/1.2)*0.5

The dealer's approximate profit is (54*250+ 6*(250/1.2)*0.5-50*250)/(50*250)*100=13%

Answer: D.


this must be kind of awkward question but i got no option other than asking you.

20% markup over the dealer’s initial cost for each camera- I made a wrong assumption , but reducing 20%from 250 & got 200 as an initial cost for each. please explain that "Total cost 60*($250/1.2)=50*250;"


(Cost per unit) + 0.2*(Cost per unit) = $250
1.2*(Cost per unit) = $250
(Cost per unit) = $250/1.2

Total cost for 60 units = 60*(Cost per unit) = 60*($250/1.2) = 50*250.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold [#permalink] New post 24 Jun 2012, 01:06
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MBAhereIcome wrote:
54 cameras gave 20% profit while 6 incurred 50% loss. or out of 10, 9 gave profit.

suppose total cameras = 10, out of which 9 gave 20% profit
suppose 100 was the cost of each. total profit 100*10=1000

profit from 9 = 20*9 = 180
loss from 1 = 50*1 = 50
total profit = 180-50 = 130

so, 130 profit from a cost of 1000. that is 13% profit.


Your method seems easy, but I kind of got lost with this - 54 cameras gave 20% profit while 6 incurred 50% loss. or out of 10, 9 gave profit.
Could you please explain, how you deduced this?

Thanks.
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Re: A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold [#permalink] New post 24 Aug 2014, 20:54
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sagnik242 wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
pgmat wrote:
A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold for $250 each, which represents a 20 percent markup over the dealer’s initial cost for each camera. Of the cameras ordered, 6 were never sold and were returned to the manufacturer for a refund of 50 percent of the dealer's initial cost. What was the dealer's approximate profit or loss as a percent of the dealer’s initial cost for the 60 cameras?

A. 7% loss
B. 13% loss
C. 7% profit
D. 13% profit
E. 15% profit


Use weighted avgs for a quick solution:

On 54 cameras, the dealer made a 20% profit and on 6 cameras, he made a 50% loss. Cost Price of 54 cameras:cost price of 6 cameras = 54:6 = 9:1

Avg Profit/Loss = (.2*9 + (-.5)*1)/10 = 1.3/10 = .13 = 13% profit

For more on weighted avgs, check: http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2011/03 ... -averages/

why are we dividing by 10?


Weighted Average Formula:

Cavg = (C1*w1 + C2*w2)/(w1 + w2)

C1 and C2 represent the quantity which we want to average so they will be profit/loss here.
C1 = 20% = .2
C2 = -50% (loss) = -.5
The weights, given by w1 and w2, are the cost prices.
Cost Price of 54 cameras:cost price of 6 cameras = 54:6 = 9:1
So w1 =9 and w2 = 1

Avg Profit/Loss = (.2*9 + (-.5)*1)/(9 + 1) = (.2*9 + (-.5)*1)/10

Get more details on this concept from the link given in my post above.
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Re: A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold [#permalink] New post 22 Jun 2012, 13:14
Bunuel wrote:
pgmat wrote:
A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold for $250 each, which represents a 20 percent markup over the dealer’s initial cost for each camera. Of the cameras ordered, 6 were never sold and were returned to the manufacturer for a refund of 50 percent of the dealer's initial cost. What was the dealer's approximate profit or loss as a percent of the dealer’s initial cost for the 60 cameras?

A. 7% loss
B. 13% loss
C. 7% profit
D. 13% profit
E. 15% profit


Total cost $60*250/1.2=50*250;

# of cameras sold is 60-6=54 total revenue is 54*250;
# of cameras returned is 6 total refund 6*(250/1.2)*0.5;
So, total income 54*250+ 6*(250/1.2)*0.5

The dealer's approximate profit is (54*250+ 6*(250/1.2)*0.5-50*250)/(50*250)*100=13%

Answer: D.


Dear Bunuel,
Ths is a doubt i face with %ages, in ths quest too.
could you pls tell where i m going wrong?
when 20% mark up for initial cost is given , how to calculate it?
250 - 20/100*250 or to take if 120 is 250 then how much is 100?
how have you arrived at 1.2?
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Re: A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold [#permalink] New post 24 Jun 2012, 11:26
gmatDeep wrote:
MBAhereIcome wrote:
54 cameras gave 20% profit while 6 incurred 50% loss. or out of 10, 9 gave profit.

suppose total cameras = 10, out of which 9 gave 20% profit
suppose 100 was the cost of each. total profit 100*10=1000

profit from 9 = 20*9 = 180
loss from 1 = 50*1 = 50
total profit = 180-50 = 130

so, 130 profit from a cost of 1000. that is 13% profit.


Your method seems easy, but I kind of got lost with this - 54 cameras gave 20% profit while 6 incurred 50% loss. or out of 10, 9 gave profit.
Could you please explain, how you deduced this?

Thanks.


yess.. 54:6 = 9:1
mark up is of 20% = profit earned will be 20%
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Re: Of the cameras ordered, 6 were never sold and were returned [#permalink] New post 16 Nov 2012, 22:27
60 cameras were ordered to be sold at a 20% markup for $250 each
=> Dealer's cost for each camera = $208
=> Cost of all 60 cameras = $60*208

6 cameras were not sold and returned for a refund of 50% of the dealer's cost
=> The amount the dealer got in returns = 50% of 6*208 = $624
The rest of the cameras (60-6 = 54 in number) were sold
=> Revenue made from selling the cameras = $54 * 250

For the 60 cameras, dealer's profit = 100* [54*(250-208) + (624-1248)]/[(60*200)] =100* (14100-12000)/12000 = ~13% (the error arises because 250/1.2 is not exactly 208 but 208.33)

Option (D)
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Re: A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold [#permalink] New post 24 Nov 2012, 10:16
Hi,

For those using normal way to solve this problem, I think that we can avoid huge calculation by just replace Cost by letter C and put it in the final formula:
Income: 54*1.2C + 6*0.5C
Cost: 60*C
Then percent =(Income-cost)/cost = (54*1.2C + 6*0.5C - 60*C)/60*C. We can see that we can eliminate C from the fraction --> percent = (54*1.2 + 6*0.5 - 60)/60 = (54*1.2 + 6*0.5)/60 - 1. Here, we can see clearly the weighted average part of the problem or we can simply calculate the fraction to reach the result.
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Re: A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold [#permalink] New post 27 May 2013, 11:12
Bunuel wrote:
pgmat wrote:
A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold for $250 each, which represents a 20 percent markup over the dealer’s initial cost for each camera. Of the cameras ordered, 6 were never sold and were returned to the manufacturer for a refund of 50 percent of the dealer's initial cost. What was the dealer's approximate profit or loss as a percent of the dealer’s initial cost for the 60 cameras?

A. 7% loss
B. 13% loss
C. 7% profit
D. 13% profit
E. 15% profit


Total cost 60*($250/1.2)=50*250;

# of cameras sold is 60-6=54 total revenue is 54*250;
# of cameras returned is 6 total refund 6*(250/1.2)*0.5;
So, total income 54*250+ 6*(250/1.2)*0.5

The dealer's approximate profit is (54*250+ 6*(250/1.2)*0.5-50*250)/(50*250)*100=13%

Answer: D.


this must be kind of awkward question but i got no option other than asking you.

20% markup over the dealer’s initial cost for each camera- I made a wrong assumption , but reducing 20%from 250 & got 200 as an initial cost for each. please explain that "Total cost 60*($250/1.2)=50*250;"
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Re: A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold [#permalink] New post 07 Apr 2014, 18:23
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Because the answers are in percentages, I thought not to worry about the $ amounts and just focus on the relationships:

Let C be the total cost of all 60 cameras. Originally, the dealer thought to sell all these 60 cameras at 20% profit or for (1.2)C.

However, he sold only (60-6)=54 or 90% of cameras at this price. So revenue from these cameras = (0.9)(1.2)C = (1.08)C

For the remaining 10%, he got a refund of 50% of cost or (0.5)C. So total refund = (0.1)(0.5)C = (0.05)C

Therefore, total revenue in terms of original cost = (1.08 + 0.05)C = 1.13C or 13% profit.

So D is the correct ans.
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Re: A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold [#permalink] New post 27 May 2014, 09:33
{(54*20) + (6*(-50))}/ 60

This gives 13% profit as answer. 20% proft on 54 cameras and 50% loss on 6 cameras. Use weighted averages here. Rest of the information in the question is misguiding.
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Re: A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold [#permalink] New post 29 Jun 2014, 22:52
My soln is :

Dealer's per unit initial cost =250 -20/100*250 = 200
Total initial cost = 60*200=12000

Total profit = (54*250+6*100) - 12000
= 2100

Profit % as a percent of dealer's initial cost = 2100/12000*100 = 17.5 %

Can you please tell me where I went wrong ?

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Re: A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold [#permalink] New post 30 Jun 2014, 01:50
Expert's post
kshitij89 wrote:
My soln is :

Dealer's per unit initial cost =250 -20/100*250 = 200
Total initial cost = 60*200=12000

Total profit = (54*250+6*100) - 12000
= 2100

Profit % as a percent of dealer's initial cost = 2100/12000*100 = 17.5 %

Can you please tell me where I went wrong ?

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The cost per unit is not 0.8*250 = 200, it's 250/1.2 = ~208. Markup is calculated on the cost value (check here: a-photography-dealer-ordered-60-model-x-cameras-to-be-sold-132077.html#p1229596).

Hope it helps.
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Re: A photography dealer ordered 60 Model X cameras to be sold   [#permalink] 30 Jun 2014, 01:50
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