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A pioneer journalist, Nellie Blv's exploits included

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A pioneer journalist, Nellie Blv's exploits included [#permalink] New post 23 Apr 2013, 08:48
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81% (01:34) correct 19% (00:38) wrong based on 97 sessions
A pioneer journalist, Nellie Blv's exploits included circling the globe faster than Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg.

(A) A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included
(B) The exploits of Nellie Bly, a pioneer journalist, included
(C) Nellie Bly was a pioneer journalist including in her exploits the
(D) Included in the pioneer journalist Nellie Bly's exploits are
(E) The pioneer journalist's exploits of Nellie Bly included


I understand why the answer is what it is but I have a question.
Isn't the construct exploits included a little incorrect. It is past tense ie: the exploits don't do that anymore.
Wouldn't exploits include be more appropriate ?

Thanks for all the help

Piyush
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Blv's exploits included [#permalink] New post 23 Apr 2013, 14:08
Expert's post
piyushpopli wrote:
A pioneer journalist, Nellie Blv's exploits included circling the globe faster than Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg.

(A) A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included
(B) The exploits of Nellie Bly, a pioneer journalist, included
(C) Nellie Bly was a pioneer journalist including in her exploits the
(D) Included in the pioneer journalist Nellie Bly's exploits are
(E) The pioneer journalist's exploits of Nellie Bly included


I understand why the answer is what it is but I have a question.
Isn't the construct exploits included a little incorrect. It is past tense ie: the exploits don't do that anymore.
Wouldn't exploits include be more appropriate ?

Thanks for all the help

Piyush



No the past tense is perfectly correct. Be doesn't make sense at all......however should be in this case " to be" after included but is wrong, anyway.

;)
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Blv's exploits included [#permalink] New post 23 Apr 2013, 15:54
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A pioneer journalist, Nellie Blv's exploits included circling the globe faster than Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg.

(A) A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included >>> Wrong modifier. A pioneer journalist should modify Nellie Bly, not her exploits.
(B) The exploits of Nellie Bly, a pioneer journalist, included >>> Correct. "a pioneer journalist" is an appositive modifier that modifies Nellie Bly.
(C) Nellie Bly was a pioneer journalist including in her exploits the >>> Wrong modifier. "including" modifies "journalist"
(D) Included in the pioneer journalist Nellie Bly's exploits are >>> Wrong grammar. "Included in X are Y"
(E) The pioneer journalist's exploits of Nellie Bly included >>> Wrong meaning. "pioneer" is an adjective that modifies Nelly Bly, not the exploits.
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Blv's exploits included [#permalink] New post 25 Apr 2013, 09:49
Hey guys..
Thanks for the replies.
I'm afraid that I still don't understand.
The Past tense refers to actions that have occurred in the past and have finished by the time the sentence is written.
The coach included Ajay into his team. (By the time the sentence is written Ajay has already been included).
By the same logic, "XYZ's exploits included"... should mean that his/her exploits included something and they don't anymore.
Hence, my question is : shouldn't it be "XYZ's exploits include"... which (IMHO) correctly means that the exploits still include that something.

Until and unless this is idiomatic, I don't understand why this construction is correct.

Any help would be greatly appreciated.

Thanks
Piyush
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Blv's exploits included [#permalink] New post 27 Apr 2013, 09:04
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piyushpopli wrote:
Hey guys..
Thanks for the replies.
I'm afraid that I still don't understand.
The Past tense refers to actions that have occurred in the past and have finished by the time the sentence is written.
The coach included Ajay into his team. (By the time the sentence is written Ajay has already been included).
By the same logic, "XYZ's exploits included"... should mean that his/her exploits included something and they don't anymore.
Hence, my question is : shouldn't it be "XYZ's exploits include"... which (IMHO) correctly means that the exploits still include that something.

Until and unless this is idiomatic, I don't understand why this construction is correct.

Any help would be greatly appreciated.

Thanks
Piyush


Hi Piyush
As far as I know, you're asking why A is wrong, correct?
The clause "XYZ's exploits include....." is correct if there's NO noun modifier before it. A is wrong because of wrong modifier.

Let see a similar example.
Studying very hard, John's GMAT score is 730.
Who studies very hard? John or his score ==> Clearly, John ==> so the correct sentence is: studying very hard, John got 730 GMAT score

Hope it helps.
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Blv's exploits included [#permalink] New post 27 Apr 2013, 19:57
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Hi Piyush,

Her exploits are a series of actions that she performed. They all took place in the past, and therefore any verb attached to them needs to be in the past. They don't include *anything* anymore. Think about these examples:

His actions offended the jurors.
His accomplishments as president included a number of tax reforms.
(We would say "His accomplishments include" if he is still active. The same for Nellie Bly and her exploits.)
Her style represented a break from tradition.
Her management techniques inspired many imitators.

The only case in which we wouldn't use the past tense would be if her past actions were having a direct influence on the present or the future:

Her exploits are inspiring new generations of journalists.
Her exploits will always be remembered as some of the greatest moments of early investigative journalism.
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Blv's exploits included [#permalink] New post 30 Jun 2014, 23:20
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Blv's exploits included   [#permalink] 30 Jun 2014, 23:20
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