How do we explain parallelism in E
Doesn't "is" breaks the parallelism
This is the sentence with choice E:
A private house in New York City is one that has fewer than eight units, is owned by an individual or individuals, and has no commercial space.
This choice tells us three things about a private house in NYC. It:
a. has fewer than eight units,
b. is owned by an individual or individuals, and
c. has no commercial space.
All the entities in this list is parallel because “has” in this choice is not a present perfect tense verb. It is a simple present tense ver. “Has”, ”have”, and “had” act as perfect tense only when they are followed by another verb. For example:
1. Ria has exhibited
many of her paintings across the country.
2. I have finished
my project on time.
3. Joe had slept
when Amy arrived.
In all above example, we have perfect tense verb in different tenses. “Has”, “have”, and “had” are followed by verbs - “exhibited”, “finished”, and “slept” respectively.
Now analyze these set of examples:
1. Ria has
many paint brushes.
2. I have
my notes ready.
3. Joe had
pizza for dinner.
The first two sentences are written in simple present tense while the last one is in simple past tense. It is so because in none of the sentence, “has”, “have”, “had” are followed by any verb. They are acting as any other helping verb “is/ab/are/was/were.” Same is the case with the usage of “has” in choice E of this NYC private house sentence. All the entities are written in simple present tense and hence are perfectly parallel.
Hope this helps.
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