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A proposal has been made to trim the horns from rhinoceroses

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OG12 #75 Question [#permalink] New post 04 Dec 2009, 08:50
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A proposal has been made to trim the horns from rhinoceroses to discourage poachers; the question is whether tourists will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses after their horns are trimmed.

Answer C:
I don't understand the answer C)
C) whether tourists will continue to visit game parks to see rhinoceroses once the animals' horns have been

I don't understand the "have been trimmed". Since "have been" is the present perfect doesn't that indicate that the action is still ongoing. But if you trim the horns doesn't that mean that the horns have been trimmed in the past and can't be ongoing. Therefore, you should use the verb "are trimmed"? Thanks a lot.
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Re: OG12 #75 Question [#permalink] New post 04 Dec 2009, 11:49
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Generally, present perfect indicates actions that started in the past and are still going on.

An alternative use of present perfect is for things that happened in the past but are still true or for things that have ongoing effects.

Some examples:
(1) We have visited Torino in November and found it lovely, though cold.
This doesn't mean we are still visiting, nor that it is still November. It just means that at least once, we did visit in November, and that history is still (and will forever be) true.

(2) I have attached the documents to this cover sheet.
This doesn't mean I am still stapling the papers as I write or as the sentence is read...it just means the documents are still attached.

In your OG example, "have been trimmed" should be interpreted in this way--the zoo employees may not still be trimming the horns, but the horns are still short.
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Re: A proposal has been made to trim the horns from rhinoceroses [#permalink] New post 23 Dec 2013, 01:47
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Re: A proposal has been made to trim the horns from rhinoceroses   [#permalink] 23 Dec 2013, 01:47
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