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A proposed law in State Q requires that all applicants

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A proposed law in State Q requires that all applicants [#permalink] New post 14 Aug 2011, 06:29
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37% (02:15) correct 63% (01:23) wrong based on 42 sessions
A proposed law in State Q requires that all applicants receive training and pass a road test under winter conditions before they are granted drivers' licenses. During debate on the legislation, a council member argued that the enormous expenditures required for the law could not be justified by public safety needs, and that the money would be better spent on other programs. The council member noted that over the past five years, fewer than fifteen percent of motor vehicle collisions in the state occurred when there was snow on the ground.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the council member's argument?

The majority of car accidents in State Q involving death or serious injury in the last two years occurred when there was snow or ice on the road.
The majority of car accidents in State Q in any given year do not result in any personal injury, only property damage.
State Q, located in the northern portion of the country, experiences snow more often than any other state in the country.
Most drivers in State Q have no formal training in techniques for driving in the snow.
State Q has the highest number of motor vehicle fatalities in the entire country.
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Re: CR - 700 level - roadtest [#permalink] New post 14 Aug 2011, 06:58
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The councilors conclusion: "the enormous expenditures required for the law could not be justified by public safety needs, and that the money would be better spent on other programs"

In order to weaken it, we might look for one of the following:

- The expenditure would not be as "enormous" as suggested by the councilor.
- Public safety needs do justify the law.
- The money could not be better spent on other programs.

(B) This strengthens the argument, because the implication is that car accidents do not jeopardize public safety.
(C) Irrelevant information, as we already have empirical proof suggesting that 15% of accidents occur during snowy conditions. A comparison to other states is unecessary.
(D) This strengthens the argument, as it implies that everyone would have to be trained/retrained. It also implies that even though no one has this training, only 15% of accidents are as a result of winter driving. Does not weaken the argument in any way.
(E) This is the next best alternative, but it doesn't provide us with enough information. What if most fatalities occur during the summer months? What if they only have 1 fatality a year, while other states have none?

Answer (A) This directly weakens his argument, by suggesting that although only 15% of accidents occur during snowy conditions, more than 50% (majority) of fatal accidents occur when there is snow/ice on the ground. This weakens his argument most.
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Re: CR - 700 level - roadtest [#permalink] New post 14 Aug 2011, 07:19
A real toughie for me.

I liked A a lot, but it limits the scope of accidents to only those which involve injury or fatality.

I toyed with C for a while, as i felt that one of the reasons why there were only 15% accidents in snow was because of the training and road test on snow.

I finally settled with E.

I will go with E here. What is the OA?
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Re: CR - 700 level - roadtest [#permalink] New post 14 Aug 2011, 11:40
+1 A
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Re: CR - 700 level - roadtest [#permalink] New post 20 Aug 2011, 22:18
crick20002002 wrote:
I finally settled with E.

I will go with E here. What is the OA?


If all these accidents were in the summer, the program would still be ineffective -> [strike]E[/strike]
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Re: CR - 700 level - roadtest [#permalink] New post 21 Aug 2011, 15:05
A

Clearly weakens the argument.
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Re: CR - 700 level - roadtest [#permalink] New post 21 Aug 2011, 18:05
D for me.

bschool83 - what's OA?
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Re: CR - 700 level - roadtest [#permalink] New post 23 Aug 2011, 17:39
+1 A in 1:36.
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Re: CR - 700 level - roadtest [#permalink] New post 24 Aug 2011, 02:11
I chose D....but after going through other explanations.....its clearly A
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Re: CR - 700 level - roadtest [#permalink] New post 24 Aug 2011, 02:45
Am still not clear why it is A ?

The argument states the fact that "The council member noted that over the past five years, fewer than fifteen percent of motor vehicle collisions in the state occurred when there was snow on the ground." But the option (A) tells that "The majority of car accidents in State Q involving death or serious injury in the last two years occurred when there was snow or ice on the road." Aren't we contradicting the premise or observation given in the argument?

What I know is to solve a CR question, we should not contradict or change the information given.
Please clarify
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Re: CR - 700 level - roadtest [#permalink] New post 24 Aug 2011, 07:06
+1 A

My take on this question:

council member's premise: over the past five years, fewer than fifteen percent of motor vehicle collisions in the state occurred when there was snow on the ground
Council member's conclusion: the enormous expenditures required for the law could not be justified by public safety needs, and that the money would be better spent on other programs.

My paraphrase of a weakening answer: Even though only fifteen percent of motor vehicle collisions occurred due to snow on the ground, these collisions were fatal, thus the price of people's lives is incomparable to anything else, and we should invest money.

bschool83 wrote:
Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the council member's argument?

A. The majority of car accidents in State Q involving death or serious injury in the last two years occurred when there was snow or ice on the road.
correct - weakens. if accidents caused by snow on the road are fatal, then any measure to prevent such collisions, however small in number, is necessary irrespective of cost

B. The majority of car accidents in State Q in any given year do not result in any personal injury, only property damage.
strengthens council member's argument

C. State Q, located in the northern portion of the country, experiences snow more often than any other state in the country.
irrelevant - argument does not depend on comparing state Q with other states

D. Most drivers in State Q have no formal training in techniques for driving in the snow.
Trap wrong answer, this statement strengthens the proposed law, but does not touche the council member's argument, hence irrelevant

E. State Q has the highest number of motor vehicle fatalities in the entire country.
irrelevant, council member's argument concerns motor vehicles accidents caused only by snow on road, not all motor cycle accidents.

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Re: CR - 700 level - roadtest [#permalink] New post 24 Aug 2011, 07:26
The argument says that according to council member money should not be wasted on licensing for snow as the number of accidents have been few. Right after reading the question, we must ask:

1. what if all the accidents have happened in snow or
2. what if there could have been more accidents if training on snow was not provided.

Any option in alignment with these two choices will weaken the council member's conclusion. Option A aligns with doubt no 1.
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Re: CR - 700 level - roadtest [#permalink] New post 24 Aug 2011, 07:31
+1 for A
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Re: CR - 700 level - roadtest [#permalink] New post 30 Aug 2011, 14:36
The council member argued that because there were very few accidents in winter conditions, added expenditure for the law is unjustified.

So, to weaken the argument I was looking for something that justifies the added expenditure.

The majority of car accidents in State Q involving death or serious injury in the last two years occurred when there was snow or ice on the road. SOUNDS RIGHT (WEAKEN)
The majority of car accidents in State Q in any given year do not result in any personal injury, only property damage. STRENGTHEN
State Q, located in the northern portion of the country, experiences snow more often than any other state in the country. OUT OF SCOPE
Most drivers in State Q have no formal training in techniques for driving in the snow. OUT OF SCOPE
State Q has the highest number of motor vehicle fatalities in the entire country. IRRELEVANT
Re: CR - 700 level - roadtest   [#permalink] 30 Aug 2011, 14:36
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