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A proposed ordinance requires all cyclists wear a helmet

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A proposed ordinance requires all cyclists wear a helmet [#permalink] New post 08 Jun 2014, 21:11
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94% (01:57) correct 6% (01:23) wrong based on 48 sessions
A proposed ordinance requires that all cyclists wear a helmet when riding a bike. However, one cycling enthusiast argued that since more than ninety percent of bike-related accidents do not cause more than a scrape, mandatory helmet use would only marginally decrease the number of serious injuries caused by cycling.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the cycling enthusiast's argument?

A. Most cyclists do not currently own bike helmets.

B. The cost of buying a proper bike helmet is significantly less than possible medical costs due to injury.

C. Helmets have not proven useful in preventing head trauma in biking accidents since the force of the accident often causes the helmet to fall off.

D. In the city where the ordinance was proposed, the number of injuries due to bike accidents was less than the national average.

E. Most of the serious injuries resulting from bike accidents occur due to head trauma.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: A proposed ordinance requires all cyclists wear a helmet [#permalink] New post 08 Jun 2014, 21:36
E seems best : Most of the serious injuries resulting from bike accidents occur due to head trauma.
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A proposed ordinance requires all cyclists wear a helmet [#permalink] New post 02 Jul 2014, 06:43
Can you please explain why E seems to be the best choice here?
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A proposed ordinance requires all cyclists wear a helmet [#permalink] New post 02 Jul 2014, 07:00
Expert's post
shanaya wrote:
Can you please explain why E seems to be the best choice here?


A. Most cyclists do not currently own bike helmets- If this is the case, then the cyclist point will be supported- Actually strengthens the argument- So eliminate.

B. The cost of buying a proper bike helmet is significantly less than possible medical costs due to injury- This is irrelevant, since we don't need this information about of the cost of buying the helmet- out of scope.

C. Helmets have not proven useful in preventing head trauma in biking accidents since the force of the accident often causes the helmet to fall off- Same as A. If helmets are not proven useful, then the cyclist point is supported- Strengthens- So eliminate.

D. In the city where the ordinance was proposed, the number of injuries due to bike accidents was less than the national average- Same as B. Out of scope- We don't need statistics about the number of injuries in the city and in the country.

E. Most of the serious injuries resulting from bike accidents occur due to head trauma- If head trauma causes more injuries to the cyclists. Then the most of cyclist are not wearing the helmet. In this case, proposing an ordinance to mandate wearing the helmet will considerably reduce the injuries and this WEAKEN'S the one cycling enthusiast argument of marginally decrease the number of serious injuries- Correct
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A proposed ordinance requires all cyclists wear a helmet   [#permalink] 02 Jul 2014, 07:00
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