A recent national study of the trash discarded in several : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# A recent national study of the trash discarded in several

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Senior Manager
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25 Aug 2012, 06:58
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A recent national study of the trash discarded in several representative areas confirmed that plastics constitute a smaller proportion of all trash than paper products do, whether the trash is measured by weight or volume. The damage that a given weight or volume of trash does to the environment is roughly the same whether the trash consists of plastics or paper products. Contrary to popular opinion, therefore, the current use of plastics actually does less harm to the environment nationwide than that of paper products.
Which one of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?
A) A given weight of paper of product may increase in volume after manufacture and before being discarded as trash
B) According to popular opinion, volume is a more important consideration than weight in predicting the impact of a given quantity of trash on the environment
C) The sum of damage caused to the environment by paper trash and by plastic trash is greater than that caused by any other sort of trash that was studied.
D) The production of any paper product is more harmful to the environment than is the production of an equal weight or volume of any plastic
E) The proportion of plastic trash to paper trash varies from one part of the country to another.

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Last edited by joshnsit on 25 Aug 2012, 17:10, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Jewel in Trash: A recent national study of the trash... [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2012, 07:19
A) A given weight of paper of product may increase in volume after manufacture and before being discarded as trash : Against the argument
B) According to popular opinion, volume is a more important consideration than weight in predicting the impact of a given quantity of trash on the environment
C) The sum of damage caused to the environment by paper trash and by plastic trash is greater than that caused by any other sort of trash that was studied.
D) THe production of any paper product is more harmful to the environment than is the production of an equal weight or volume of any plastic
E) The proportion of plastic trash to paper trash varies from one part of the country to another.

D is the answer as both cause equal damage when in trash but paper causes more damage when it is produced.
Senior Manager
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Re: Jewel in Trash: A recent national study of the trash... [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2012, 17:08
mandyrhtdm wrote:
A) A given weight of paper of product may increase in volume after manufacture and before being discarded as trash : Against the argument
B) According to popular opinion, volume is a more important consideration than weight in predicting the impact of a given quantity of trash on the environment
C) The sum of damage caused to the environment by paper trash and by plastic trash is greater than that caused by any other sort of trash that was studied.
D) THe production of any paper product is more harmful to the environment than is the production of an equal weight or volume of any plastic
E) The proportion of plastic trash to paper trash varies from one part of the country to another.

D is the answer as both cause equal damage when in trash but paper causes more damage when it is produced.
Can you please explain how does A goes against the argument?
If the paper trash increases in volume, then amount of paper trash would increase wrt volume of plastic.
Th conclusion says that : the current use of plastics actually does less harm to the environment nationwide than that of paper products.

If A says that volume increases after manufacture and before discarded as trash, then it means that volume/trash increases in case of paper(i.e. it qualifies the current use condition) though doesn't happen in case of plastic. Shouldn't that strengthen the conclusion?
_________________

If you know what you're worth, then go out and get what you're worth. But you gotta be willing to take the hits, and not pointing fingers saying you ain't where you wanna be because of anybody! Cowards do that and You're better than that!
The path is long, but self-surrender makes it short; the way is difficult, but perfect trust makes it easy.

Fire the final bullet only when you are constantly hitting the Bull's eye, till then KEEP PRACTICING.
Failure establishes only this, that our determination to succeed was not strong enough.
Getting defeated is just a temporary notion, giving it up is what makes it permanent.

http://gmatclub.com/forum/1000-sc-notes-at-one-place-in-one-document-with-best-of-explanations-192961.html

Press +1 Kudos, if you think my post gave u a tiny tip.

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Re: Jewel in Trash: A recent national study of the trash... [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2012, 14:02
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D. Strengthens the conclusion by saying that the production of paper is more harmful then plastic therefore paper must bemore harmful since waste damage is the same.

In A even though the volume increases the argument says that whether measured by weight or volume the damage from discarding is the same whether paper or plastic.
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Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Oct 2008
Posts: 410
Location: United States
Concentration: Marketing, Technology
Followers: 9

Kudos [?]: 272 [0], given: 34

Re: Jewel in Trash: A recent national study of the trash... [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2012, 13:01
joshnsit wrote:
mandyrhtdm wrote:
A) A given weight of paper of product may increase in volume after manufacture and before being discarded as trash : Against the argument
B) According to popular opinion, volume is a more important consideration than weight in predicting the impact of a given quantity of trash on the environment
C) The sum of damage caused to the environment by paper trash and by plastic trash is greater than that caused by any other sort of trash that was studied.
D) THe production of any paper product is more harmful to the environment than is the production of an equal weight or volume of any plastic
E) The proportion of plastic trash to paper trash varies from one part of the country to another.

D is the answer as both cause equal damage when in trash but paper causes more damage when it is produced.
Can you please explain how does A goes against the argument?
If the paper trash increases in volume, then amount of paper trash would increase wrt volume of plastic.
Th conclusion says that : the current use of plastics actually does less harm to the environment nationwide than that of paper products.

If A says that volume increases after manufacture and before discarded as trash, then it means that volume/trash increases in case of paper(i.e. it qualifies the current use condition) though doesn't happen in case of plastic. Shouldn't that strengthen the conclusion?
@mandyrhtdm. I got your point. Since the Conclusion is: The current use of plastics actually does less harm to the environment nationwide than that of paper products. So, choice A actually strengthens if it says paper weight or volume increases relatively to plastic.

Thanks for discussion, guys. OA is D.
_________________

If you know what you're worth, then go out and get what you're worth. But you gotta be willing to take the hits, and not pointing fingers saying you ain't where you wanna be because of anybody! Cowards do that and You're better than that!
The path is long, but self-surrender makes it short; the way is difficult, but perfect trust makes it easy.

Fire the final bullet only when you are constantly hitting the Bull's eye, till then KEEP PRACTICING.
Failure establishes only this, that our determination to succeed was not strong enough.
Getting defeated is just a temporary notion, giving it up is what makes it permanent.

http://gmatclub.com/forum/1000-sc-notes-at-one-place-in-one-document-with-best-of-explanations-192961.html

Press +1 Kudos, if you think my post gave u a tiny tip.

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Re: A recent national study of the trash discarded in several [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2012, 23:59
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Re: A recent national study of the trash discarded in several   [#permalink] 01 Oct 2012, 23:59
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