A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEOs now earn : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEOs now earn

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A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEOs now earn [#permalink]

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15 May 2008, 00:47
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31. A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1980.

A. that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
B. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times
C. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
D. CEO’s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
E. CEO’s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times
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15 May 2008, 04:42
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First I wanted to go for A, but I think also that B is the correct answer.
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15 May 2008, 13:27
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Quote:
A. that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
B. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times
C. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
D. CEO’s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
E. CEO’s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

My answer is C. Could some one provide insight why C is wrong.
A - average of 419 times - Eliminate
B - a ratio that compares to 42 times - Felt akward - since both are ratios. Compared with is better - Eliminate
C - as compared to looks correct, the ratio correctly modifies 42 times their pay.
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15 May 2008, 16:41
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I was stuck between A and B.
But B, which seems to map "ratio to 42 times" , looks to be a better choice.
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15 May 2008, 17:26
So tricky Gmatprep! that is why I am wrong also! The sentence is contructed in the simple way, but not easy to crack it!

B is NOT OA!

Can anybody help me what "a ratio" in B refer to? to "workers" the word immediately next to? so confusing! thanks!
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Last edited by sondenso on 15 May 2008, 17:36, edited 1 time in total.
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15 May 2008, 17:35
I guess its C then, thats the only other one that even remotely makes sense.
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15 May 2008, 22:40
Year, OA is C, and with a BIG question WHY? in my head
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16 May 2008, 11:09
sondenso wrote:
Year, OA is C, and with a BIG question WHY? in my head

B - a ratio that compares to 42 times (of What?)
C avoids that confusion.
However I am not comfortable with CEO's
Is it CEOs ? If yes then then we have 'their' problem in C.
If No, then the sentence does not make sense to me.
....., on average, CEO’s now earn
....., on average, CEOs now earn
I see some difference here..but cannot expln what it is..can anyone help ..Thanks
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19 May 2008, 20:27
farend wrote:
"their" is ambiguous(2 references) in C

i agree with this too.
anyway, another killer question...
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21 May 2008, 01:10
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saravalli wrote:
sondenso wrote:
Year, OA is C, and with a BIG question WHY? in my head

B - a ratio that compares to 42 times (of What?)
C avoids that confusion.
However I am not comfortable with CEO's
Is it CEOs ? If yes then then we have 'their' problem in C.
If No, then the sentence does not make sense to me.
....., on average, CEO’s now earn
....., on average, CEOs now earn
I see some difference here..but cannot expln what it is..can anyone help ..Thanks

We are comparing between ratio nowadays and ratio in 1980. Ok, INDICATES need THAT followed. => Rule out D, E.

A:ratio of 42 times in 1980. , B: 42 times ("of" what) in 1980. ==> Eliminate A, B.
C:AS compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio in 1980.
C containS AS. C has only problem with THEIR but can be ACCEPTABLE and C is also the best choice among 5 choices.
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21 May 2008, 10:22
anirudhoswal wrote:
sondenso wrote:
31. A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1980.

A. that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times - compared to? error of comparison
B. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times - Seems OK
C. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio - "their" in 42 times their has no clear referrent
D. CEO’s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio - "their" in 42 times their has no clear referrent
E. CEO’s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times - no need for continuous present tense

IMO: B

Still in favor of B.
Am I wrong if I say

A recent review of pay scales indicates that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times the ratio in 1980.
isn't "the ratio" implied?? Is there anything else that can be compared? If there is no ambiguity about it then B should be OK.

But now I am less sure than before
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21 May 2008, 11:14
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sondenso wrote:
31. A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1980.

A. that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
B. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times
C. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
D. CEO’s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
E. CEO’s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

Very weird question, Sondenso. I believe that the apostrophe (') is wrong in all the choices. All choices should have CEOs not CEO's. But, if we neglect this error then,

D and E are out because they don't use "that".

A is out because it uses "more".

B is wrong because "a ratio" modifies workers.

So, only C is left.

what is source?

Last edited by sanjay_gmat on 22 May 2008, 06:42, edited 1 time in total.
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21 May 2008, 20:47
sanjay_gmat wrote:
what is source?

GmatPrep, it is the 31 question in my collection! Let I check it!
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEOs now earn [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2016, 05:33
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEOs now earn   [#permalink] 01 Sep 2016, 05:33
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