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# A recent study by psychologists found that the main goal of

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A recent study by psychologists found that the main goal of [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2012, 20:14
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A recent study by psychologists found that the main goal of most middle school students is to be viewed as popular by their classmates. The psychologists also found that the students who seek to be popular will only take as friends other students who share the goal of achieving popularity. Therefore, the psychologists argued, any middle school students who strive to impress their teachers will not make friends with most of their classmates.

The argument put forth by the psychologists assumes that

A.achieving popularity is often not done by a single individual, but rather by a group of children.
B.middle school students do not regard as popular anyone who strives to impress a teacher.
C.a student can impress a teacher by not fraternizing with the popular crowd of students.
D.most middle school children believe that those who strive to impress a teacher do not have the goal of achieving popularity.
E.middle school students are known to be particularly cruel to classmates that are considered different from the norm.

For discussion, OA after some time.
Source : Kaplan Daily
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by bhavinshah5685 on 20 Aug 2012, 22:39, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A recent study by psychologists found that [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2012, 20:36
A.achieving popularity is often not done by a single individual, but rather by a group of children.
This option discusses a topic which is out of the scope

B.middle school students do not regard as popular anyone who strives to impress a teacher.
This seems to be the right answer as it needs to be true for the conclusion to hold true

C.a student can impress a teacher by not fraternizing with the popular crowd of students.
This has no effect on the conclusion

D.most middle school children believe that those who strive to impress a teacher do not have the goal of achieving popularity.
Although, this seems like a possible answer, the belief of the middle school students is not at question here. Therefore, eliminated

E.middle school students are known to be particularly cruel to classmates that are considered different from the norm.
This seems to be out of scope

Therefore my choice is B
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Re: A recent study by psychologists found that [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2012, 21:17
My answer is B as well.
B.middle school students do not regard as popular anyone who strives to impress a teacher.
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Re: A recent study by psychologists found that [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2012, 22:05
A recent study by psychologists found that the main goal of most middle school students is to be viewed as popular by their classmates. The psychologists also found that the students who seek to be popular will only take as friends other students who share the goal of achieving popularity. Therefore, the psychologists argued, any middle school students who strive to impress their teachers will not make friends with most of their classmates.

The argument put forth by the psychologists assumes that

A.achieving popularity is often not done by a single individual, but rather by a group of children.
B.middle school students do not regard as popular anyone who strives to impress a teacher.
C.a student can impress a teacher by not fraternizing with the popular crowd of students.
D.most middle school children believe that those who strive to impress a teacher do not have the goal of achieving popularity.
E.middle school students are known to be particularly cruel to classmates that are considered different from the norm.

Psychologists believe --> Students who impress teachers =/= Not make friends with class mates.

Therefore Eliminate A, C & E.

D ==> Most middle school children is not correct and "do not have the goal of achieving polularity" is also not the correct assuption.

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Re: A recent study by psychologists found that [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2012, 22:22
It bridges the gap and also pass negation test.
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Re: A recent study by psychologists found that [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2012, 22:40
OA -D

& here is OE...

The argument put forth by the psychologists concludes that students who strive to impress a teacher will find it difficult to make friends with their classmates. As evidence, the psychologists put forth two pieces of information: first that most students wish to be popular, and second that these students will only be friends with other students with the same goal. In order to conclude that a student will be ostracized based on an attempt to impress the teacher, the psychologists assume that this will be viewed by other students as a sign that impressing child does not wish to be popular. This is stated best in choice (D).

Choices (A) and (E) are irrelevant to the argument. The psychologists do not say anything about the popularity of individuals vs. groups nor do they discuss the cruelty of middle school students.

Choice (B) may seem tempting, but this statement could be false and the argument would still hold together if choice (D) were true. If a student is not popular because they strive to impress a teacher, it does not follow that they will not make friends with most of their classmates. The argument revolves around the desire to be popular, not popularity itself. Choice (B) does not discuss the desire to be popular and is thus incorrect.

Choice (C) deals with how to impress a teacher. This is not central to the argument put forth by the psychologists.
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Re: A recent study by psychologists found that the main goal of [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2014, 04:24
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: A recent study by psychologists found that the main goal of [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2015, 06:15
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Main goal of most students is to be popular and befriend guys with same interests.
And those who strive to impress, do NOT make friends with most of their classmates.

So most students are popular and few are not.
Those few who are not,:
1) Obviously do not share the goal of being popular. Because this is what is needed to jump into this "popular" gang.
2) are those who strive to impress. Because if they strove to be popular, they would have been in this "popular" gang.

A.achieving popularity is often not done by a single individual, but rather by a group of children.
Doesn't matter, whether it is single of group. All we know is that it is done and those people comprising "most" of the students.

B.middle school students do not regard as popular anyone who strives to impress a teacher.
Say even if they regard those who strive to impress as popular, are they really are popular or have the goal of being popular? Don't know.
Also, if they did regard those who strive to impress as popular, these students from "popular" gang would have befriended them already

C.a student can impress a teacher by not fraternizing with the popular crowd of students.
We don't know if the student can impress a teacher by doing what choice C says. All we know from the argument is that some students are "who strive to impress" and nothing about their strategy to impress.

D.most middle school children believe that those who strive to impress a teacher do not have the goal of achieving popularity.
True. Matches our Assumption 1) from pre-thinking.

E.middle school students are known to be particularly cruel to classmates that are considered different from the norm.
This is very irrelevant and tells what students in general do. We don't have conclusion about students in "general". There might be students who are in neither camp, not in popular nor trying to impress, and we do not know how they treat or are treated by others.

P.S.: I have to say that I loved this question, because I was fixated on 3 tempting choices for quite some time.
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Re: A recent study by psychologists found that the main goal of [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2016, 14:57
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: A recent study by psychologists found that the main goal of   [#permalink] 09 Aug 2016, 14:57
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