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A recent study has found that within the past few years,

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A recent study has found that within the past few years, [#permalink] New post 19 May 2012, 03:20
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A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face
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Re: Verb tense problem [#permalink] New post 19 May 2012, 03:29
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'retire' and 'face' must be parallel.

Also, 'elected to' is the correct verb form.

Finally, 'have elected to' is the correct tense as the action is still continuing up to the present.

E it is.
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Re: Verb tense problem [#permalink] New post 27 May 2012, 09:10
could some one explain why you think the action in this sentence is continuing to the present? The first part of the sentence is "recent study has found that within the past few years".

Since the study is confined to the few years in the past, does it make sense to say had decided. Because there actions (doctor's decisions) occurred in a period before the study was conducted?
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Re: Verb tense problem [#permalink] New post 04 Jun 2012, 07:04
Within can be used in the following ways:
as a preposition (followed by a noun): Can you complete the work within a month?
as an adverb (without a following noun): As Helen approached the front door, she could hear a telephone ringing within.

Inside a period of time
a.
before the end of a period of time
We expect an announcement within the next 24 hours.
The military government has promised to hold free and fair elections within six months.
Thesaurus entry for this meaning of within
b.
during a particular period of time
Within the past few weeks, 215 people have been arrested.
Within living memory these mountains were the home of the brown bear.
Thesaurus entry for this meaning of within
c.
used for saying how soon one thing happens after another
We arrived within two minutes of each other.
Seventy per cent of patients die within a year of becoming infected with the virus.
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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years, [#permalink] New post 04 Oct 2013, 20:31
Sentence is in the present tense the non underlined portion so he underline portion has to be in the present tense too .

Doctors is the subject of the sentence hence "have" is the verb .
C,D,E are in the race .

Rather than is a parallel marker hence
X rather than Y

"To retire rather than to face" .. would have to be the underlined part ..

Since to can be omitted "To retire than face" is correct hence E is the answer ..
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Re: Verb tense problem [#permalink] New post 09 Jan 2014, 06:50
GyanOne wrote:
'retire' and 'face' must be parallel.

Also, 'elected to' is the correct verb form.

Finally, 'have elected to' is the correct tense as the action is still continuing up to the present.

E it is.

hi :-D
i agree choosing E but can you please brief out eliminating option D
elected to- is the correct verb form, so we are left with 3 options,
to start of with parallelism concept- facing the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance are both parallel (+ing in facing and rising) :roll:

can you please elaborate :idea:
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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years, [#permalink] New post 24 Jul 2014, 02:00
hangovrlyf wrote:
GyanOne wrote:
'retire' and 'face' must be parallel.

Also, 'elected to' is the correct verb form.

Finally, 'have elected to' is the correct tense as the action is still continuing up to the present.

E it is.

hi :-D
i agree choosing E but can you please brief out eliminating option D
elected to- is the correct verb form, so we are left with 3 options,
to start of with parallelism concept- facing the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance are both parallel (+ing in facing and rising) :roll:

can you please elaborate :idea:



There is little mistake in your cmparision .. the threats (noun) of lawsuits is parallel to the rising cost(noun) .... whereas(to) face is verb
Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years,   [#permalink] 24 Jul 2014, 02:00
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