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A recent study has found that within the past few years,

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Manager
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A recent study has found that within the past few years, [#permalink] New post 01 Jan 2013, 02:46
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (low)

Question Stats:

65% (01:29) correct 34% (00:46) wrong based on 63 sessions
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face


This question is based on parallel comparison. As per my understanding below should be correct parallel structures. Please, let me know your views.

1. 'have elected to retire early rather than to face'.. I eliminated option(E), because 'to' is not present.
2. 'have elected retiring early than facing'
3. 'had elected early retirement rather than...' How could we match this parallel structure ?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Manager
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Concentration: General Management, Finance
GMAT 1: 670 Q48 V34
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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years [#permalink] New post 01 Jan 2013, 03:13
Hi umesh..

(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

here to is common to both:
have elected to
retire early rather than
face

OR
have elected to retire early rather than [optional to] face

Best Regards,
Mansoor

PS:Please consider kudos if you found it helpful
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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years [#permalink] New post 01 Jan 2013, 03:24
Tip : Usage of "Rather than" means preference of one over another and Usage of "instead of" means replacing one thing with another.Moreover instead of can only be used in case of Noun and verbs or actions so in below only

A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face --- no two actions are there so usage of had not correct.
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing --- out instead of is used
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing --- Out instead of is used
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing --- to retire not parallel with facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face --- correct construction.

had to think between A and E which one is better got confused went with the gut feeling more then logical approach
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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years [#permalink] New post 01 Jan 2013, 11:13
I am not sure it is correct to remove to when it is common. I have not seen similar elimination of optional word anywhere.
have elected to retire early rather than face

Can anyone answer my last doubt. How can I make parallel structure with below line in regard to this question?
'had elected early retirement rather than...
Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years   [#permalink] 01 Jan 2013, 11:13
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