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A recent study has found that within the past few years,

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A recent study has found that within the past few years, [#permalink] New post 29 Jan 2013, 20:36
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Question Stats:

64% (01:50) correct 36% (00:53) wrong based on 222 sessions
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

OG (verbal review, 2nd ed.) says that the doctors have chosen x rather than y - the x and the y must be parallel and correct answer is E. Why not C? Any help appreciated.
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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years [#permalink] New post 30 Jan 2013, 04:14
The disscussion here should help you
http://www.beatthegmat.com/og-verbal-re ... 73222.html

for more information on rather than vs instead of
http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/rat ... t1177.html
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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years [#permalink] New post 30 Jan 2013, 04:38
C will not be the answer because The study revealed a fact which still holds true. So it should be have and not had.
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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years [#permalink] New post 30 Jan 2013, 06:15
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face. "had elected" - Tense is past perfect. But main verb is "has found" is present tense. So tense dont match.
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing. Same as A
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing. "retiring" Vs "of facing" not parallel
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing. "retire" Vs "facing" not parallel
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face. Correct. "retire" and "face" is parallel. Tense is present.
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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years, [#permalink] New post 17 Jun 2014, 00:45
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years, [#permalink] New post 21 Jun 2014, 03:04
the dictionary show only " elect to do" as the idiom. there is no "elect doing" .

had done is used to show an action finished before another past action. this is the only use of had done luckily because had done is tested a lot on gmat
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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years,   [#permalink] 21 Jun 2014, 03:04
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