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A recent study has found that within the past few years,

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Re: Plural of had [#permalink] New post 17 Oct 2009, 22:38
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

I believe the answer is E.

in A and B
"had elected early retirement sounds" I think is incorrect as it sounds like they elected something called early retirement, whereas in D and E they elected to retire early sounds correct.
Similar issue with C.
Between D and E I would choose E because elected and face are parellel.
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Re: Plural of had [#permalink] New post 18 Oct 2009, 18:54
Yes, i agree with that. But my question was whether there is a subject-verb agreement problem in A and B.

..........doctors............had...........
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Re: Plural of had [#permalink] New post 18 Oct 2009, 19:00
There is no plural form of had. Has can be used as a past tense of has and have both.
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Re: sc1000 #605 reporting... [#permalink] New post 11 Feb 2010, 08:37
recent vs recently is an important split here..( I chose recently , but recent is correct)


og-verbal-12th-edition-q-89968.html
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OG - SC - Lawsuit Against Doctor [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2010, 07:54
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

I saw explanations saying "rather than" is better than "instead of" in this sentence. But the Manhattan SC books say that they both are the same. Why is "instead of" cannot be used in this sentence??
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Re: OG - SC - Lawsuit Against Doctor [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2010, 12:25
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face


Why is option (A) wrong??

as per my understanding

recent study found is an action in past tense
doctor had elected early retirement is an action that took place before the study found and hence past perfect tense
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Re: OG - SC - Lawsuit Against Doctor [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2010, 14:37
seekmba wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face


Why is option (A) wrong??

as per my understanding

recent study found is an action in past tense
doctor had elected early retirement is an action that took place before the study found and hence past perfect tense


My guess is that the "the past few years" phrase indicates that it's ongoing --- thus necessitating the need for present perfect.
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Recent study [#permalink] New post 04 May 2010, 14:16
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A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face
[Reveal] Spoiler:
e


I already noticed the above sc in this forum. my doubt is
are the "face the threats of lawsuits" and "the rising costs of malpractice insurance" in parallel form. please explain.
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Re: Recent study [#permalink] New post 04 May 2010, 14:48
TomB wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face
[Reveal] Spoiler:
e


I already noticed the above sc in this forum. my doubt is
are the "face the threats of lawsuits" and "the rising costs of malpractice insurance" in parallel form. please explain.


Parallel form is between retire and face
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Re: Recent study [#permalink] New post 05 May 2010, 07:16
E it is.

is the word "to" understood in option (E)?

have elected to retire early rather than (to) face

A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face
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Re: Recent study [#permalink] New post 15 May 2010, 06:02
TomB wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face
[Reveal] Spoiler:
e


I already noticed the above sc in this forum. my doubt is
are the "face the threats of lawsuits" and "the rising costs of malpractice insurance" in parallel form. please explain.


"to retire" // "face"
"the threats of lawsuits" // "the rising costs"
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SC question from section7 q11 [#permalink] New post 07 Jun 2010, 02:21
11. A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

is the answer D or E, please explain why ?
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Re: SC question from section7 q11 [#permalink] New post 07 Jun 2010, 02:33
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rather than compares actions.

(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

E is most parallel.

have elected to retire
have elected not to face the threats
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Re: SC question from section7 q11 [#permalink] New post 07 Jun 2010, 19:16
sunland wrote:
11. A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

is the answer D or E, please explain why ?


IMO:

"elect to" is the proper idiom.
to retire, and to face is parallel.

So definitely E
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Re: SC question from section7 q11 [#permalink] New post 08 Jun 2010, 00:52
Why not C... Its also parallel..!!

Difference is of Rather than and Instead of...???
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Re: SC question from section7 q11 [#permalink] New post 08 Jun 2010, 06:58
sag wrote:
Why not C... Its also parallel..!!

Difference is of Rather than and Instead of...???


IMO:

"elect to" is the proper idiom.
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Re: SC question from section7 q11 [#permalink] New post 16 Jun 2010, 10:43
"rather than" is preferred over "instead of".

E is best.
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Re: Recent study [#permalink] New post 04 Sep 2010, 10:04
what about B ? retirements happened before the study found them, so may be we need to use "had elected". If anyone could please explain proper use of had, has/have
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Re: [#permalink] New post 21 Sep 2010, 18:16
trivikram wrote:
bmwhype2 wrote:
Why do we use the perfect past tense?


The reporter said

the sales happenbed before he said.

Reporting is the culprit in this sentence


OK agreed. Now what about this question-

A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) have elected to retire early rather than face
(C) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(D) elected to retire early rather than face
(E) had elected to retire early rather than face


(PS. this Q is a slightly different version of one of the OG Q. choices are different.)

OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B
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Re: Re: [#permalink] New post 21 Sep 2010, 18:35
as3957 wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance

(B) have elected to retire early rather than face


B in this case because of the use of "that"
Re: Re:   [#permalink] 21 Sep 2010, 18:35
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