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# A recent study has found that within the past few years,

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Senior Manager
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20 Jul 2007, 18:49
I believe this is a tense issue.
I like the original A.
doctor had selected early retirement seems to happen before the recent study, therefore the past perfect tense.

what is the OA?
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20 Jul 2007, 19:48
The correct verb is have...doctors have. To retire is also correct.

Go with E.
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20 Jul 2007, 21:03
This thread has a nice discussion

http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic ... 50a52bc6f2
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sc1000 #605 reporting... [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2007, 20:18
605. Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women's apparel, the seven-store retailer said it would start a three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores.

(A) its many problems had been the recent
(B) its many problems has been the recently
(C) its many problems is the recently
(D) their many problems is the recent
(E) their many problems had been the recent
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Re: sc1000 #605 reporting... [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2007, 20:32
bmwhype2 wrote:
605. Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women's apparel, the seven-store retailer said it would start a three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores.

(A) its many problems had been the recent
(B) its many problems has been the recently
(C) its many problems is the recently
(D) their many problems is the recent
(E) their many problems had been the recent

It's A...

Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women's apparel, the seven-store retailer said it would start a three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores.

Regards,
Brajesh
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31 Jul 2007, 13:28
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than to face
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

OA:E
why is D wrong?

Last edited by stevegt on 31 Jul 2007, 16:11, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: SC retirement [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2007, 16:18
stevegt wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than to face
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

OA:E
why is D wrong?

The "to" is unnecessary. It's basically an issue of concision. While D is grammatically correct, E is also fine, but more concise.
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31 Jul 2007, 17:12
The second "to" is of no harm but is absolutely unnecessary. Given the choices, I'll pick E over D any day.

Another thing... In future, please either dont post OA's in the question or ipost the OA after a few blank lines so that we dont get to see the OA before we finish the Qn.

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Re: SC retirement [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2007, 17:33
briks123 wrote:
stevegt wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than to face
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

OA:E
why is D wrong?

The "to" is unnecessary. It's basically an issue of concision. While D is grammatically correct, E is also fine, but more concise.

absolutly.

both are correct but when we have to choose one of these two, alwasy go for the concise and short one.

so E wins.
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03 Aug 2007, 14:23
bmwhype2 wrote:
Why do we use the perfect past tense?

The reporter said

the sales happenbed before he said.

Reporting is the culprit in this sentence
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03 Aug 2007, 16:56
Yes..Its "Said: which is past. Hence we shud use Past-perfect for an event before that..

Also the key word is "extended" which indicates there was a slump and then there was its continuation..So "HAD been" INDICATES it happened for a particular duration in the PAST.

hope it helps
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04 Aug 2007, 12:22
thanks. i was concentrating too much on recent vs recently as i could not figure out whether extended sales slump or sales slump was a noun phrase.
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27 Nov 2008, 20:38
1.A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

Any takers? I need explaination of the answer.

Thanks
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Re: SC- doctors [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2008, 21:04
the ans is (D).

Many doctors - plural so have needs to be used.
facing and rising are parallel
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Re: SC- doctors [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2008, 21:06
A and B are out bcos of the usage of had. Rather than is prefferred over instead of. Also in C, usage of retiring is wrong. so that leaves D and E. Im confused b/w these two. E seems to be better choice . So my ans is E
technocrat wrote:
1.A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

Any takers? I need explaination of the answer.

Thanks
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Re: SC- doctors [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2008, 23:16
E is correct.
'Retire' and 'face' are parallel and not 'facing'.
'retiring' in (C) is wrong since it cannot modify 'early', hence the infinitive 'to retire' is correct.
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Re: SC- doctors [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2008, 03:50
IMO C

'within past years' - 'had elected' - incorrect usage, A,B - out
Ony C and E have parallel construction, but C is preferable, because the sentence continues with '...and the rising costs of malpractise insurance'
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Re: SC- doctors [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2008, 09:06
why had elected is wrong?

Because there is no simple past any where in the sentence. A & B are out.

C uses instead of. out

rather than face is better than facing. No need for continuous tense
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Re: SC- doctors [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2008, 12:20
1.A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face

"had elected" is in past participle form while it should be in present participle form. So ruled out

(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing

"rather than" is much more suitable than that of "instead of" so its ruled out.

(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing

"rather than" is much more suitable than that of "instead of" so its ruled out.

(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing

"to retire early" is modifying facing indirectly. So the right one should be " to retire early rather than ( to ( scilent) ) face --SO ruled out.

(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

This is the right one.

The Full sentence should be this way :

A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors have elected to retire early rather than [ to ( scilent) ] face the threats of lawsuits and [ to face ] the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
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18 Mar 2009, 04:28
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

I could reach to final two: D & E. Not able to find out which one is correct and why.

Can someone please throw some light?
SC   [#permalink] 18 Mar 2009, 04:28

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# A recent study has found that within the past few years,

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