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A recent study showed that more than 50 percent of people

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A recent study showed that more than 50 percent of people [#permalink] New post 09 Oct 2012, 17:30
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  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

48% (02:20) correct 51% (01:22) wrong based on 54 sessions
A recent study showed that more than 50 percent of people who commit violent crimes had seen at least one act of violence on television during the preceding week. Many psychologists suggest that exposure to acts of violence, even when they are obviously fictional, can increase a person’s propensity to commit violent acts. If government regulators were to ban all violence on television, therefore, we could expect the incidence of violent crimes to decrease by over 50 percent.

The two portions in boldface in the passage above play which of the following roles?

A. The first portion is an inference related to the conclusion of the argument; the second portion supports the conclusion.

B. The first portion is a conclusion that is not necessarily true based on the evidence; the second portion supports that conclusion.

C. The first portion is evidence that supports the argument; the second portion is a conclusion that is not necessarily true based on the evidence.

D. The first portion is evidence that supports the argument; the second portion is a conclusion that must be true based on the evidence.

E. The first portion is a conclusion that must be true based on the evidence; the second portion is an inference related to that conclusion.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: A recent study showed that [#permalink] New post 09 Oct 2012, 19:57
kingb wrote:
A recent study showed that more than 50 percent of people who commit violent crimes had seen at least one act of violence on television during the preceding week. Many psychologists suggest that exposure to acts of violence, even when they are obviously fictional, can increase a person’s propensity to commit violent acts. If government regulators were to ban all violence on television, therefore, we could expect the incidence of violent crimes to decrease by over 50 percent.

The two portions in boldface in the passage above play which of the following roles?

A. The first portion is an inference related to the conclusion of the argument; the second portion supports the conclusion.

B. The first portion is a conclusion that is not necessarily true based on the evidence; the second portion supports that conclusion.

C. The first portion is evidence that supports the argument; the second portion is a conclusion that is not necessarily true based on the evidence.

D. The first portion is evidence that supports the argument; the second portion is a conclusion that must be true based on the evidence.

E. The first portion is a conclusion that must be true based on the evidence; the second portion is an inference related to that conclusion.


Premise -
more than 50 percent of people who commit violent crimes had seen at least one act of violence on television during the preceding week
Many psychologists suggest that exposure to acts of violence, even when they are obviously fictional, can increase a person’s propensity to commit violent acts.

Conclusion -
If government regulators were to ban all violence on television, therefore, we could expect the incidence of violent crimes to decrease by over 50 percent.


Clearly, first bold part is premise (support for argument/conclusion).
Second bold part is conclusion.
So we are left with C and D.

Since the conclusion starts with "if" ..... and then goes on to say.... "we could expect"
so we can say that there is doubt that this conclusion might be true.

Hence Option C

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Re: A recent study showed that [#permalink] New post 10 Oct 2012, 07:42
I chose D, but I admit that choice C is better because the conclusion of the argument is just the suggestion of psychologist. This suggestion is not accepted officially, and it is still in the hypothesis.
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Re: A recent study showed that   [#permalink] 10 Oct 2012, 07:42
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