A recent university study indicated that students who : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# A recent university study indicated that students who

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A recent university study indicated that students who [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2006, 11:00
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A recent university study indicated that students who receive full scholarships tend to maintain higher grade point averages than do students who must take out loans or work to finance school. The study concluded that scholarships enable students to achieve high grade point averages by alleviating the stress related to financial concerns and freeing up studentsâ€™ time to study more.

The studyâ€™s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?

A. Students who take out loans maintain higher grade point averages than those who work to finance school

B. Finance-related stress affects student performance in a manner similar to that of restricted study time.

C. Students who must work to pay for their studies cannot maintain high grade point averages

D. High grade point averages were not the primary criterion upon which the scholarship awards were based

E. Controlling stress level is less important to student performance than is intensive studying.

Last edited by jjhko on 24 Aug 2006, 11:27, edited 1 time in total.
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24 Aug 2006, 11:08
Straight B.

I'll explain if it's right.
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Re: Kaplan800 CR: university study (new... tough) [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2006, 11:33
jjhko wrote:
A recent university study indicated that students who receive full scholarships tend to maintain higher grade point averages than do students who must take out loans or work to finance school. The study concluded that scholarships enable students to achieve high grade point averages by alleviating the stress related to financial concerns and freeing up studentsâ€™ time to study more.

The studyâ€™s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?

A. Students who take out loans maintain higher grade point averages than those who work to finance school

B. Finance-related stress affects student performance in a manner similar to that of restricted study time.

C. Students who must work to pay for their studies cannot maintain high grade point averages

D. High grade point averages were not the primary criterion upon which the scholarship awards were based

E. Controlling stress level is less important to student performance than is intensive studying.

An assumption can be something that will show there is no other cause for increase in GPA
Conclusion -> Scholarship enables students to get higher GPA.
This conclusion is only valid if we assume that students with higher GPA's are not the criteria for giving scholarships, so I'll go with D.
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24 Aug 2006, 16:52
my vote is for B...

D is out of scope of the passage--
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Re: Kaplan800 CR: university study (new... tough) [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2006, 17:11
jjhko wrote:
The studyâ€™s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?

A. Students who take out loans maintain higher grade point averages than those who work to finance school - Irrelevant distortion of the facts.

B. Finance-related stress affects student performance in a manner similar to that of restricted study time. Improper comparison.

C. Students who must work to pay for their studies cannot maintain high grade point averages. Extreme assumption. I know several people who busted their asses through undergrad and still maintained a 3.5+

D. High grade point averages were not the primary criterion upon which the scholarship awards were based

E. Controlling stress level is less important to student performance than is intensive studying. Irrelevant comparison

Im getting (D) by POE. Problem is, I cant explain why it`s correct
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24 Aug 2006, 18:20
Its a Straight D.

If High GPA was not the criteria for scholarships then both type of students would be on the same level of comparison and hence the conclusion would hold.

If High GPA was the criterian for scholarships then it follows why they could keep the High GPA. Thus the whole argument falls apart if this was the case.

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24 Aug 2006, 19:27
Straight D.

Argument states there is a correlation between X and Y. Then it says, because of this correlation X must cause Y. What is the assumption?

That Y is not the cause of X
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24 Aug 2006, 20:20
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24 Aug 2006, 22:53
I think this is D. Will explain if correct.
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25 Aug 2006, 01:54
Well I think B...

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25 Aug 2006, 03:12
I think it should be "D"...
D saya higher GPA is not the criteria to avoid scholarships...that means to start off with students getting scholarships and not getting scholarships have similar GPAs but later on it changes due to financial reasons....
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25 Aug 2006, 03:20
It has to be D because:

D. High grade point averages were not the primary criterion upon which the scholarship awards were based

Therfore at the beginning of the course students already having high grade point averages did not necessarily get scolarships. Thus students having simillar grades initially started getting different grades during the course due to presence (or absence) of scholarships.
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25 Aug 2006, 03:42
The OA is D.

The author makes the conclusion that scholarships lead to higher GPAs. So the conclusion won't work if the reverse causal is true (i.e. higher GPAs lead to scholarships). And choice D, ensures that reserve causual isn't the case here, hence it's an assumption that the argument depends on.

Hope that makes sense.

jjhko.
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25 Aug 2006, 14:07
Late but got D also... good question !
25 Aug 2006, 14:07
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