A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the : GMAT Problem Solving (PS)
Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases http://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 19 Jan 2017, 04:06

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Intern
Joined: 18 Mar 2012
Posts: 48
GMAT 1: 690 Q V
GPA: 3.7
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 187 [5] , given: 117

A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 May 2012, 06:44
5
KUDOS
30
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

53% (02:35) correct 47% (02:05) wrong based on 574 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the rectangle is not a square, which of the following could be the perimeter of the rectangle?

A. 2r sqr3
B. 2r (sqr3 + 1)
C. 4r sqr2
D. 4r sqr3
E. 4r (sqr3 + 1)

Any smart, quick way of solving this one other than brute force?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 36552
Followers: 7078

Kudos [?]: 93158 [40] , given: 10553

Re: A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 May 2012, 07:57
40
KUDOS
Expert's post
14
This post was
BOOKMARKED
alexpavlos wrote:
A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the rectangle is not a square, which of the following could be the perimeter of the rectangle?

A. 2r sqr3
B. 2r (sqr3 + 1)
C. 4r sqr2
D. 4r sqr3
E. 4r (sqr3 + 1)

Any smart, quick way of solving this one other than brute force?

A right triangle inscribed in a circle must have its hypotenuse as the diameter of the circle. Since a rectangle is made of two right triangles then a rectangle inscribed in a circle must have its diagonal as the diameter of the circle.

Now, since each option has $$\sqrt{3}$$ in it, then let's check a right triangle where the angles are 30°, 60°, and 90° (standard triangle for the GMAT), because its sides are always in the ratio $$1 : \sqrt{3}: 2$$. Notice that the smallest side (1) is opposite the smallest angle (30°), and the longest side (2) is opposite the largest angle (90°).

So, in this case we would have:
Attachment:

Rectangle.png [ 15.55 KiB | Viewed 58165 times ]
The perimeter of the rectangle is $$2r\sqrt{3}+2r=2r(\sqrt{3}+1)$$.

_________________
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 7125
Location: Pune, India
Followers: 2134

Kudos [?]: 13646 [22] , given: 222

Re: A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 May 2012, 08:32
22
KUDOS
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
alexpavlos wrote:
A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the rectangle is not a square, which of the following could be the perimeter of the rectangle?

A. 2r sqr3
B. 2r (sqr3 + 1)
C. 4r sqr2
D. 4r sqr3
E. 4r (sqr3 + 1)

Any smart, quick way of solving this one other than brute force?

Since the radius of the circle is r, the diameter must be 2r. Now imagine the rectangle. The diameter must be the hypotenuse of the right angled triangle of the rectangle. Say, if its sides are a and b,
$$(2r)^2 = a^2 + b^2 = 4r^2$$

So when you square a and b and sum them, you should get 4r^2

The given options are the perimeter of the rectangle i.e. 2(a+b). So I ignore 2 of the options and try to split the leftover into a and b.
The obvious first choices are options (B) and (E) since we can see that we can split the sum into 3 and 1.
$$a + b = r\sqrt{3} + r$$

Now check:
$$(\sqrt{3}r)^2 + r^2 = 4r^2$$

That is what we wanted. Hence, the answer is (B)
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor
My Blog

Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199 Veritas Prep Reviews CEO Status: Nothing comes easy: neither do I want. Joined: 12 Oct 2009 Posts: 2795 Location: Malaysia Concentration: Technology, Entrepreneurship Schools: ISB '15 (M) GMAT 1: 670 Q49 V31 GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V35 Followers: 226 Kudos [?]: 1620 [10] , given: 235 Re: A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the [#permalink] ### Show Tags 18 Oct 2012, 00:41 10 This post received KUDOS 1 This post was BOOKMARKED Largest perimeter is possible when rectangle is Square. Since option C is when it is square and the question itself says rectangle is not a square, C as well as D and E are out as D and E are greater than C. Our answer must be less than C. So only A and B left. Now do reverse engineering. B looks more plausible than A as the perimeter of rectangle must of the form a+b.... _________________ Fight for your dreams :For all those who fear from Verbal- lets give it a fight Money Saved is the Money Earned Jo Bole So Nihaal , Sat Shri Akaal Support GMAT Club by putting a GMAT Club badge on your blog/Facebook GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings Gmat test review : http://gmatclub.com/forum/670-to-710-a-long-journey-without-destination-still-happy-141642.html Director Joined: 22 Mar 2011 Posts: 612 WE: Science (Education) Followers: 100 Kudos [?]: 889 [2] , given: 43 Re: A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the [#permalink] ### Show Tags 18 Oct 2012, 02:28 2 This post received KUDOS gurpreetsingh wrote: Largest perimeter is possible when rectangle is Square. Since option C is when it is square and the question itself says rectangle is not a square, C as well as D and E are out as D and E are greater than C. Our answer must be less than C. So only A and B left. Now do reverse engineering. B looks more plausible than A as the perimeter of rectangle must of the form a+b.... The perimeter of the rectangle must be greater than $$4r$$. Imagine a "flattened/smashed" rectangle, such that one of the sides is approaching the size of a diameter ($$2r$$), and the other side is approaching 0. When the two sides collapse into the diameter, the perimeter would be $$4r$$. Or, if the two sides of the rectangle are $$a$$ and $$b$$, $$a+b$$ must be greater than the diagonal of the rectangle, which is $$2r$$. Therefore, you can immediately eliminate A, since $$2r\sqrt{3}<4r$$. _________________ PhD in Applied Mathematics Love GMAT Quant questions and running. Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 16 Oct 2010 Posts: 7125 Location: Pune, India Followers: 2134 Kudos [?]: 13646 [1] , given: 222 Re: A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the [#permalink] ### Show Tags 17 May 2012, 08:06 1 This post received KUDOS Expert's post gmihir wrote: Just wondering, why is it mentioned in question that "if rectangle is not square" - will the answer be different had the rectangle inscribed in circle be a square ? They had to mention it because otherwise, the answer could have been (C) too. $$(\sqrt{2}r)^2 + (\sqrt{2}r)^2 = 4r^2$$ Hence $$2(a+b) = 2*(\sqrt{2}r + \sqrt{2}r) = 4\sqrt{2}r$$ _________________ Karishma Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor My Blog Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for$199

Veritas Prep Reviews

Manager
Joined: 22 Apr 2013
Posts: 88
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 28 [1] , given: 95

Re: A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 May 2013, 21:13
1
KUDOS
Bunuel wrote:

Now, since each option has $$\sqrt{3}$$ in it, then let's check a right triangle where the angles are 30°, 60°, and 90° (standard triangle for the GMAT), because its sides are always in the ratio $$1 : \sqrt{3}: 2$$. Notice that the smallest side (1) is opposite the smallest angle (30°), and the longest side (2) is opposite the largest angle (90°).

Bunuel your explanation is simple, clear, and didn't make my brain hurt.
_________________

I do not beg for kudos.

Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 7125
Location: Pune, India
Followers: 2134

Kudos [?]: 13646 [1] , given: 222

Re: A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 May 2013, 08:04
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
TheNona wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
alexpavlos wrote:
A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the rectangle is not a square, which of the following could be the perimeter of the rectangle?

A. 2r sqr3
B. 2r (sqr3 + 1)
C. 4r sqr2
D. 4r sqr3
E. 4r (sqr3 + 1)

Any smart, quick way of solving this one other than brute force?

Since the radius of the circle is r, the diameter must be 2r. Now imagine the rectangle. The diameter must be the hypotenuse of the right angled triangle of the rectangle. Say, if its sides are a and b,
$$(2r)^2 = a^2 + b^2 = 4r^2$$

So when you square a and b and sum them, you should get 4r^2

The given options are the perimeter of the rectangle i.e. 2(a+b). So I ignore 2 of the options and try to split the leftover into a and b.
The obvious first choices are options (B) and (E) since we can see that we can split the sum into 3 and 1.
$$a + b = r\sqrt{3} + r$$

Now check:
$$(\sqrt{3}r)^2 + r^2 = 4r^2$$

That is what we wanted. Hence, the answer is (B)

Thanks Karishma , but could you please elaborate more ? I still do not understand

The method makes a guess based on the format of the expected answer.

Make a circle and inscribe a rectangle in it. The diagonal of the rectangle will be the diameter of the circle.

Attachment:

Ques3.jpg [ 4.88 KiB | Viewed 51747 times ]

We need to find the perimeter of the rectangle i.e. 2(a + b)
We know that $$a^2 + b^2 = (2r)^2 = 4r^2$$
So what can a and b be?

$$3r^2 + r^2 = 4r^2$$ (So $$a = \sqrt{3}r, b = r$$)
or
$$2r^2 + 2r^2 = 4r^2$$ (So $$a = \sqrt{2}r, b = \sqrt{2}r$$)
etc

Now, looking at the options, we see that
2(a + b) can be $$2(\sqrt{3}r + r)$$ i.e. option (B)
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor
My Blog

Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199 Veritas Prep Reviews Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 16 Oct 2010 Posts: 7125 Location: Pune, India Followers: 2134 Kudos [?]: 13646 [1] , given: 222 Re: A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the [#permalink] ### Show Tags 23 Sep 2013, 02:32 1 This post received KUDOS Expert's post 1 This post was BOOKMARKED nikhil007 wrote: This Question came up on my prep and I got stuck as I didn't look at answer choices. I just wrote L^2+B^2 = (2R)^2 and I had no clue how to solve it in 2 mins. I understand that we need to work on shortcuts and tricks, but just for academic purposes can someone show me how to manipulate this equation to answer choice algebraically? the only next step I could think was (L+B)^2 = 4R^2 - 2LB and had no clue how to go further. Note that the question says "which of the following could be the perimeter of the rectangle" The rectangle can be made in many ways and the perimeter would be different in these cases. The answer option gives us one such perimeter value. Hence there is no single algebraic method of obtaining the "correct answer". You have to look at options and say which one CAN be the perimeter value. _________________ Karishma Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor My Blog Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for$199

Veritas Prep Reviews

Current Student
Joined: 09 Mar 2014
Posts: 53
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Operations
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.2
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 22 [1] , given: 19

Re: A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Apr 2014, 23:46
1
KUDOS
Bunuel wrote:
alexpavlos wrote:
A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the rectangle is not a square, which of the following could be the perimeter of the rectangle?

A. 2r sqr3
B. 2r (sqr3 + 1)
C. 4r sqr2
D. 4r sqr3
E. 4r (sqr3 + 1)

Any smart, quick way of solving this one other than brute force?

A right triangle inscribed in a circle must have its hypotenuse as the diameter of the circle. Since a rectangle is made of two right triangles then a rectangle inscribed in a circle must have its diagonal as the diameter of the circle.

Now, since each option has $$\sqrt{3}$$ in it, then let's check a right triangle where the angles are 30°, 60°, and 90° (standard triangle for the GMAT), because its sides are always in the ratio $$1 : \sqrt{3}: 2$$. Notice that the smallest side (1) is opposite the smallest angle (30°), and the longest side (2) is opposite the largest angle (90°).

Hi bunuel

I might have an alternate solution for this one. Correct me if I am wrong.

If the rectangle inscribed in a circle of radius r is a square, then its perimeter would be 4r$$\sqrt{2}$$. However, it is given that the rectangle is not square. Therefore, the answer cannot be C. Also, for a circle of given radius, rectangle with maximum perimeter that can be incribed is a square. Therefore, the Perimeter of rectangle will be less than 4r$$\sqrt{2}$$. So, D and E are eliminated.

For A, If P = 2r$$\sqrt{3}$$. Therefore (L+B) = r$$\sqrt{3}$$. But (L+B) should be greater than 2r because, L, B, 2r form a triangle. Therefore A is also eliminated.

Intern
Joined: 04 Mar 2012
Posts: 46
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 215 [0], given: 10

Re: A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 May 2012, 08:30
beautiful!! Thanks Bunnel.
Intern
Joined: 04 Mar 2012
Posts: 46
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 215 [0], given: 10

Re: A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 May 2012, 07:51
Just wondering, why is it mentioned in question that "if rectangle is not square" - will the answer be different had the rectangle inscribed in circle be a square ?
Intern
Joined: 05 Apr 2012
Posts: 42
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 30 [0], given: 12

Re: A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 May 2012, 14:39
gmihir wrote:
Just wondering, why is it mentioned in question that "if rectangle is not square" - will the answer be different had the rectangle inscribed in circle be a square ?

hello gmihir
my understanding is that
They had to mention that it was not a square
because in a square diagonals are angle bisectors making 45° ANGLES
in this case the 30/60 /90 special right can not be applied
in a rectangle diagonals are not angle bisectors

hope this helps

best regards

keiraria
Director
Joined: 24 Aug 2009
Posts: 507
Schools: Harvard, Columbia, Stern, Booth, LSB,
Followers: 17

Kudos [?]: 674 [0], given: 276

Re: A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Sep 2012, 14:12
Bunuel wrote:
alexpavlos wrote:
A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the rectangle is not a square, which of the following could be the perimeter of the rectangle?

A. 2r sqr3
B. 2r (sqr3 + 1)
C. 4r sqr2
D. 4r sqr3
E. 4r (sqr3 + 1)

Any smart, quick way of solving this one other than brute force?

A right triangle inscribed in a circle must have its hypotenuse as the diameter of the circle. Since a rectangle is made of two right triangles then a rectangle inscribed in a circle must have its diagonal as the diameter of the circle.

Now, since each option has $$\sqrt{3}$$ in it, then let's check a right triangle where the angles are 30°, 60°, and 90° (standard triangle for the GMAT), because its sides are always in the ratio $$1 : \sqrt{3}: 2$$. Notice that the smallest side (1) is opposite the smallest angle (30°), and the longest side (2) is opposite the largest angle (90°).

So, in this case we would have:
Attachment:
Rectangle.png
The perimeter of the rectangle is $$2r\sqrt{3}+2r=2r(\sqrt{3}+1)$$.

Hi Bunuel,
Using your method i am getting B as the answer but when i used Pythagoras, the answer i am getting is C. Can you kindly clarify my doubt.
_________________

If you like my Question/Explanation or the contribution, Kindly appreciate by pressing KUDOS.
Kudos always maximizes GMATCLUB worth
-Game Theory

If you have any question regarding my post, kindly pm me or else I won't be able to reply

Intern
Joined: 21 Mar 2013
Posts: 23
Concentration: Operations, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 620 Q47 V28
GMAT 2: 680 Q45 V38
WE: Engineering (Manufacturing)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 6

Re: A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Mar 2013, 10:09
gurpreetsingh wrote:
Largest perimeter is possible when rectangle is Square. Since option C is when it is square and the question itself says rectangle is not a square, C as well as D and E are out as D and E are greater than C.

Our answer must be less than C.
So only A and B left. Now do reverse engineering. B looks more plausible than A as the perimeter of rectangle must of the form a+b....

I don't know what to say. Just simple logic - no calculations. Absolute GMAT style.
Manager
Joined: 12 Dec 2012
Posts: 230
GMAT 1: 540 Q36 V28
GMAT 2: 550 Q39 V27
GMAT 3: 620 Q42 V33
GPA: 2.82
WE: Human Resources (Health Care)
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 78 [0], given: 181

Re: A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 May 2013, 11:24
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
alexpavlos wrote:
A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the rectangle is not a square, which of the following could be the perimeter of the rectangle?

A. 2r sqr3
B. 2r (sqr3 + 1)
C. 4r sqr2
D. 4r sqr3
E. 4r (sqr3 + 1)

Any smart, quick way of solving this one other than brute force?

Since the radius of the circle is r, the diameter must be 2r. Now imagine the rectangle. The diameter must be the hypotenuse of the right angled triangle of the rectangle. Say, if its sides are a and b,
$$(2r)^2 = a^2 + b^2 = 4r^2$$

So when you square a and b and sum them, you should get 4r^2

The given options are the perimeter of the rectangle i.e. 2(a+b). So I ignore 2 of the options and try to split the leftover into a and b.
The obvious first choices are options (B) and (E) since we can see that we can split the sum into 3 and 1.
$$a + b = r\sqrt{3} + r$$

Now check:
$$(\sqrt{3}r)^2 + r^2 = 4r^2$$

That is what we wanted. Hence, the answer is (B)

Thanks Karishma , but could you please elaborate more ? I still do not understand
_________________

My RC Recipe
http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-rc-recipe-149577.html

My Problem Takeaway Template
http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-simplest-problem-takeaway-template-150646.html

Manager
Joined: 04 Dec 2011
Posts: 81
Schools: Smith '16 (I)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 13

Re: A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Sep 2013, 00:37
This Question came up on my prep and I got stuck as I didn't look at answer choices.
I just wrote L^2+B^2 = (2R)^2 and I had no clue how to solve it in 2 mins.
I understand that we need to work on shortcuts and tricks, but just for academic purposes can someone show me how to manipulate this equation to answer choice algebraically?
the only next step I could think was (L+B)^2 = 4R^2 - 2LB and had no clue how to go further.
_________________

Life is very similar to a boxing ring.
Defeat is not final when you fall down…
It is final when you refuse to get up and fight back!

1 Kudos = 1 thanks
Nikhil

Intern
Joined: 21 Mar 2013
Posts: 14
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 13

Re: A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Jan 2014, 14:35
if we assume r=2,5 => 2r= hypothenuse triangle = 5 ... we can assume the other 2 sides to be 3 and 4 so 5^2 = 4^2 + 3^2 ... then the perimeter would be 2 * ( 3 + 4 ) = 14.

if we pick option C we get ... 4r sqr (2) = 4 * 2,5 * 1,4 = 14.

Am i missing something ?

[quote="Bunuel"][quote="fameatop"][quote="Bunuel"][quote="alexpavlos"]A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the rectangle is not a square, which of the following could be the perimeter of the rectangle?

A. 2r sqr3
B. 2r (sqr3 + 1)
C. 4r sqr2
D. 4r sqr3
E. 4r (sqr3 + 1)
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 36552
Followers: 7078

Kudos [?]: 93158 [0], given: 10553

Re: A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Jan 2014, 00:23
mariofelix wrote:
if we assume r=2,5 => 2r= hypothenuse triangle = 5 ... we can assume the other 2 sides to be 3 and 4 so 5^2 = 4^2 + 3^2 ... then the perimeter would be 2 * ( 3 + 4 ) = 14.

if we pick option C we get ... 4r sqr (2) = 4 * 2,5 * 1,4 = 14.

Am i missing something ?

$$\sqrt{2}$$ only approximately is 1.4 but we are not asked about approximate perimeter. Check what would be the exact perimeter in this case.
_________________
Director
Status: Finally Done. Admitted in Kellogg for 2015 intake
Joined: 25 Jun 2011
Posts: 536
Location: United Kingdom
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V45
GPA: 2.9
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Followers: 74

Kudos [?]: 2958 [0], given: 217

### Show Tags

05 Apr 2014, 16:20
A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r. If the rectangle is not a square, which of the following could be the perimeter of the rectangle?

A) $$2r \sqrt{3}$$

B) $$2r ( \sqrt{3} + 1 )$$

C) $$4r \sqrt{2}$$

D) $$4r \sqrt{3}$$

E) $$4r ( \sqrt{3} + 1)$$

Any idea how to solve this geometrically please?
_________________

Best Regards,
E.

MGMAT 1 --> 530
MGMAT 2--> 640
MGMAT 3 ---> 610
GMAT ==> 730

A rectangle is inscribed in a circle of radius r   [#permalink] 05 Apr 2014, 16:20

Go to page    1   2   3    Next  [ 44 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
2 A circle of radius r is inscribed in a square, as shown below. 3 05 Mar 2015, 09:00
4 If a regular hexagon is inscribed in a circle with a radius 8 02 Jun 2013, 00:38
2 Area of a rectangle inscribed in a circle of radius r 4 16 Apr 2013, 15:49
7 A circle is inscribed in a quadrant of a circle of radius 1 15 07 Mar 2010, 12:20
6 A regular hexagon is inscribed in a circle. If the radius of the circl 8 28 Jan 2009, 15:44
Display posts from previous: Sort by