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A representative of the Women s Bureau of the United States

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A representative of the Women s Bureau of the United States [#permalink] New post 16 Apr 2012, 23:03
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

82% (01:52) correct 18% (01:04) wrong based on 37 sessions
28. A representative of the Women’s Bureau of the United States Department of Labor contends that employers who offer benefits which permit that employees can balance home and work responsibilities better, realizing gains in attendance, recruiting, and retention.
(A) which permit that employees can balance home and work responsibilities better, realizing
(B) which permit employees balancing home and work responsibilities better will realize
(C) that permit employees to balance the responsibilities of home and work better will realize
(D) that permit employees a better balance between the responsibilities of home and work, thus realizing
(E) such that employees are permitted a balance between home and work responsibilities, and they will realize

I am not sure what is the difference in the usage of which and that in this sentence.
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Re: which versus that [#permalink] New post 17 Apr 2012, 00:18
vdadwal wrote:
28. A representative of the Women’s Bureau of the United States Department of Labor contends that employers who offer benefits which permit that employees can balance home and work responsibilities better, realizing gains in attendance, recruiting, and retention.
(A) which permit that employees can balance home and work responsibilities better, realizing
(B) which permit employees balancing home and work responsibilities better will realize
(C) that permit employees to balance the responsibilities of home and work better will realize
(D) that permit employees a better balance between the responsibilities of home and work, thus realizing
(E) such that employees are permitted a balance between home and work responsibilities, and they will realize

I am not sure what is the difference in the usage of which and that in this sentence.


First of all you need "that" because here its essential part of the sentence. After removing the that part you can see the sentence becomes

A representative of the Women’s Bureau of the United States Department of Labor contends that employers who offer benefits which permit that employees can balance home and work responsibilities better, realizing gains in attendance, recruiting, and retention.

Its nonsensical meaning, hence that is required, you are left between C and D. D is awkward with incorrect construction.

Hence C.

Hope this helps...!!
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Re: which versus that [#permalink] New post 17 Apr 2012, 01:38
Expert's post
If you do care for which or that, then be sure about these simple rules. 1. Which can never be used without a comma before it and that is never used with a comma before it. Thus A and B are out. D is a fragment without a working verb for the sub-clause. E is also a fragment in this portion - employers who offer benefits such that employees are permitted a balance between home and work responsibilities – There is no verb to represent the action of the employers who offer benefits.

C, therefore, is the choice.

However, it is worthwhile to note GMAT’s thinking on this issue from the following topic.- (OG 12 SC Q 10)

Carnivorous mammals can endure what would
otherwise be lethal levels of body heat because they
have a heat-exchange network which kept the brain
from getting too hot.
(A) which kept
(B) that keeps
(C) which has kept
(D) that has been keeping
(E) having kept

Official explanation
Verb form; Rhetorical construction
Th e use of the past tense (kept) is incorrect
because a current situation is discussed; the
present tense (keeps) is consistent with the other
verbs in the sentence. In (A) and (C), which
introduces a restrictive clause. Some writers
follow the convention that which can only be used
for nonrestrictive clauses, but insistence on this
rule is controversial, and both (A) and (C) can be
rejected on other grounds

I dso not think GMAT is fussy about the use of which or that and therefore look for other grounds in the sentences than getting stuck.
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Re: which versus that [#permalink] New post 17 Apr 2012, 01:45
I second your opinion daagh but would like to make a point:

X accused Y over deals in which A profited.

i think this construction is correct hence "which " may have this usage also.

any thoughts..??
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Re: which versus that [#permalink] New post 17 Apr 2012, 04:43
Expert's post
My observations were limited to the use of relative pronouns which and that. In which is rather different construction though.
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Re: which versus that [#permalink] New post 17 Apr 2012, 04:51
vdadwal wrote:
28. A representative of the Women’s Bureau of the United States Department of Labor contends that employers who offer benefits which permit that employees can balance home and work responsibilities better, realizing gains in attendance, recruiting, and retention.
(A) which permit that employees can balance home and work responsibilities better, realizing
(B) which permit employees balancing home and work responsibilities better will realize
(C) that permit employees to balance the responsibilities of home and work better will realize
(D) that permit employees a better balance between the responsibilities of home and work, thus realizing
(E) such that employees are permitted a balance between home and work responsibilities, and they will realize

I am not sure what is the difference in the usage of which and that in this sentence.

Permit X to do Y will lead to correct answer
Re: which versus that   [#permalink] 17 Apr 2012, 04:51
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A representative of the Women s Bureau of the United States

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