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A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result

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A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result of the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.

(A) the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.
(B) the introduction of new surgical implantation methods of human and artificial organs.
(C) the surgical introduction of new artificial and human organ implantation methods.
(D) the introduction of implantation methods of new artificial and human organs.
(E) the introduction of methods of surgically implanting new artificial and human organs.
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mun23 wrote:
A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result of the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.

(A) the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.
(B)the introduction of new surgical implantation methods of human and artificial organs
(C)the surgical introduction of new artificial and human organ implantation methods
(D)the introduction of implantation methods of new artificial and human organs.
(E)the introduction of methods of surgically implanting new artificial and human organs


Need every option`s explanation

Dear Mun23,
I'm happy to help with this. :-)

Question #1: what are we "introducing"? We are introducing methods. Presumably, this means, these new method are now taught in med school, and more doctors now are familiar with them. This is not a "surgical introduction" --- (C) is wrong.

Question #2: what is "new"? The methods are definitely new. Does it make sense to call the organs "new"? Obviously, if a doctor is implanting a kidney or liver into my body, that organ is "new" to me, but if someone else dies, and doctors take the liver that person has used for her whole life and insert it into my body, I don't know that it would make sense to call that a "new liver." The word "new" is much more appropriate for the methods. This casts serious suspicions on (C) & (D) & (E).

(D) talks about "implantation methods", which itself makes no sense, and it doesn't mention surgery at all. (D) is completely wrong.

(B) uses a sloppy shortcut. We are taking about methods of surgical implantation, or "methods of surgically implanting ..." Those phrasings are fine. Calling these methods "surgical implantation methods" is sloppy, and in particular, the phrase "surgical implantation methods of human and artificial organs" implies that the poorly named methods belong to the organs --- that the organs are the owners or sources, not the objects of the implantation. (B) is an unholy abomination that should be shot.

Admittedly, (E) is close --- really, the Question #2 problem is the only problem with (E).

Nevertheless, (A) is the best answer --- all modifiers have their proper logical relationship in (A).

Does this make sense?

Mike :-)
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A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result of the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.

(A) the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.

(B)the introduction of new surgical implantation methods of human and artificial organs

(C)the surgical introduction of new artificial and human organ implantation methods

(D)the introduction of implantation methods of new artificial and human organs.

(E)the introduction of methods of surgically implanting new artificial and human organs

Need every option`s explanation

If you find my post helpful don`t forget to give kudos
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New post 11 Dec 2004, 18:45
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seems A to me......
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New post 11 Dec 2004, 20:03
A
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New post 12 Dec 2004, 10:00
sure (A)
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New post 13 Dec 2004, 10:20
A it is

other choices have dangling modifier issue
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New post 13 Dec 2004, 11:18
praveen_rao7 wrote:
A it is

other choices have dangling modifier issue

praveen_rao7, Can you tell me what the dangling modifier issue is in 'E'
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New post 13 Dec 2004, 11:37
rthothad,
lets look ar E
(E) the introduction of methods of surgically implanting new artificial and human organs

This means to say that methods are ment to introduce new organs, does that mean methods won't work with old organs?. Also makes you wonder how new is new?.

Instead what author is trying to say is, that the revolution has introduced new ( hopefully better) methods of surgically implanting organs.
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New post 13 Dec 2004, 11:47
praveen_rao7, so you are saying that 'E' changes the meaning of the original sentence - did I read it right
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New post 13 Dec 2004, 14:36
rthothad,
That is correct. It is very important where you place the modifiers to convey intended message in your sentence
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New post 13 Dec 2004, 15:03
Another question found in the Kaplan 2004 CD,

definetlty A as new modifies method and not surgical or artificial....
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New post 13 Dec 2004, 16:45
The official answer is A.
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Re: A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result [#permalink]

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New post 02 May 2013, 20:06
All duplicate threads on this topic have been merged.

Please check and follow the Guidelines for Posting in Verbal GMAT forum before posting anything.
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Re: A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2015, 10:36
Don't like this question. Doesn't seem like a gmat type.
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New post 06 Mar 2015, 04:40
definitely A as others have too many issues...
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New post 30 Jul 2015, 04:50
mikemcgarry wrote:
mun23 wrote:
A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result of the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.

(A) the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.
(B)the introduction of new surgical implantation methods of human and artificial organs
(C)the surgical introduction of new artificial and human organ implantation methods
(D)the introduction of implantation methods of new artificial and human organs.
(E)the introduction of methods of surgically implanting new artificial and human organs


Need every option`s explanation

Dear Mun23,
I'm happy to help with this. :-)

Question #1: what are we "introducing"? We are introducing methods. Presumably, this means, these new method are now taught in med school, and more doctors now are familiar with them. This is not a "surgical introduction" --- (C) is wrong.

Question #2: what is "new"? The methods are definitely new. Does it make sense to call the organs "new"? Obviously, if a doctor is implanting a kidney or liver into my body, that organ is "new" to me, but if someone else dies, and doctors take the liver that person has used for her whole life and insert it into my body, I don't know that it would make sense to call that a "new liver." The word "new" is much more appropriate for the methods. This casts serious suspicions on (C) & (D) & (E).

(D) talks about "implantation methods", which itself makes no sense, and it doesn't mention surgery at all. (D) is completely wrong.

(B) uses a sloppy shortcut. We are taking about methods of surgical implantation, or "methods of surgically implanting ..." Those phrasings are fine. Calling these methods "surgical implantation methods" is sloppy, and in particular, the phrase "surgical implantation methods of human and artificial organs" implies that the poorly named methods belong to the organs --- that the organs are the owners or sources, not the objects of the implantation. (B) is an unholy abomination that should be shot.

Admittedly, (E) is close --- really, the Question #2 problem is the only problem with (E).

Nevertheless, (A) is the best answer --- all modifiers have their proper logical relationship in (A).

Does this make sense?

Mike :-)




Hi Mike,

Thanks for such a wonderful explanation. I have a doubt :? on adding new to the sentence, for example what looks wrong with this sentence ?
the introduction of methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.
Reasoning: If we are introducing something then it has to be new. isnt it ?

Please correct me if I am wrong here.

Regards,
Gaurav
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New post 28 Dec 2015, 07:43
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A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result of the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs.

a. the introduction of new methods of surgically implanting artificial and human organs

b. the introduction of new surgical implantation methods of human and artificial organs.....The phrase methods of organs is completely nonsensical.

c. the surgical introduction of new artificial and human organ implantation methods.........this means that implantation methods are surgically introduced which does not make sense in meaning.

d. the introduction of implantation methods of new artificial and human organs................
    the construction introduction of.....x.....of......y does not sound make sense with the remaining part of the sentence.
    Also methods are new not organs.

e. the introduction of methods of surgically implanting new artificial and human organs............same error as in D.
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A revolution has taken place in medical science as a result   [#permalink] 28 Dec 2015, 07:43
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