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A row of upright fan-shaped plates running down the spine

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Re: A row of upright fan-shaped plates running down the spine [#permalink] New post 08 Mar 2013, 11:20
Expert's post
For Marcab:
"That" modifies "system," but what do we know about the system? It's "an especially efficient solar heating and cooling system." We don't want to treat individual parts of the sentence as if the rest isn't there.

Here's another example:

"My daughter has a fluffy toy lion that often sits at breakfast with us."

Am I saying that a lion really sits at breakfast with us? Well, yes, a toy lion. I wouldn't want to isolate the portion from "lion" on and ignore the preceding modifiers. Whether we say "that often sits . . . " modifies only "lion" or the whole noun phrase, the meaning is the same. The lion sits with us, but it is a fluffy toy.

In some cases, when we have a noun phrase, we are clearly modifying an earlier noun in the phrase. For instance, I might say "The King of Sweden, who is vacationing in Morocco, has a bad sunburn." Clearly it is the king, not Sweden, who is vacationing. This is correct usage. The "preceding noun" in this case is the noun phrase "The King of Sweden." In other cases, I might need to interpret flexibly depending on meaning:

On the table there was a basket of chips that were cold and stale. (The chips were cold and stale.)
On the table there was a basket of chips that looked like it had been sitting there for a month. (The basket of chips had been sitting there.)

I hope this helps!
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Re: A row of upright fan-shaped plates running down the spine [#permalink] New post 19 May 2014, 05:48
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Re: A row of upright fan-shaped plates running down the spine [#permalink] New post 20 May 2014, 23:41
hfbamafan wrote:
A row of upright fan-shaped plates running down the spine provided the Stegosaurus dinosaur with an especially efficient solar heating and cooling system to allow them to move comfortably through different climatic regions.

A)to allow them to move comfortably
B)to allow it a comfortable movement
C)that allowed it to move comfortably
D)that allowed their comfortable movement
E)Allowing them to move comfortably


not easy to see B and C

B means "plates" allow it something
C means "system " allow it to do something.

the subject of "allow" is quite different between B and C. we can not eliminate B , using grammar rule and logicness to consider B when B is alone. we can only eliminate B when we see both B and C. it is clear that the intended meaning is in C.

the situation "can not eliminate B, using grammar rule and logic" is popular on gmat sc. we can call this situation "realize the intended meaning"

am I correct?
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Re: A row of upright fan-shaped plates running down the spine [#permalink] New post 21 May 2014, 03:56
vietmoi999 wrote:
hfbamafan wrote:
A row of upright fan-shaped plates running down the spine provided the Stegosaurus dinosaur with an especially efficient solar heating and cooling system to allow them to move comfortably through different climatic regions.

A)to allow them to move comfortably
B)to allow it a comfortable movement
C)that allowed it to move comfortably
D)that allowed their comfortable movement
E)Allowing them to move comfortably


not easy to see B and C

B means "plates" allow it something
C means "system " allow it to do something.

the subject of "allow" is quite different between B and C. we can not eliminate B , using grammar rule and logicness to consider B when B is alone. we can only eliminate B when we see both B and C. it is clear that the intended meaning is in C.

the situation "can not eliminate B, using grammar rule and logic" is popular on gmat sc. we can call this situation "realize the intended meaning"

am I correct?



Hi vietmoi999,

I think you have made an error in determining the subject verb pairs in the given sentence. However I agree completely with you that sometimes grammar cannot eliminate all the options, we have to go for the intended meaning of the sentence. Let's try to understand the meaning conveyed by this sentence and options B and C.

A row of upright fan-shaped plates running down the spine provided the Stegosaurus dinosaur
o with an especially efficient solar heating and cooling system
• to allow them to move comfortably through different climatic regions.


MEANING

• So, this sentence tell us that a row of some specific plates (these plates ran down the spine) provided the Stegosaurus dinosaur with a certain system.
o This system was an efficient solar heating and cooling system.
• To allow the dinosaur to move comfortably through different climate regions.

B.) to allow it a comfortable movement

This means that the purpose of the system was to allow the dinosaur a comfortable movement.

C.) that allowed it to move comfortably

This means that the system allowed the dinosaur to move comfortably.



Hope this helps! :)
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Re: A row of upright fan-shaped plates running down the spine [#permalink] New post 24 Jul 2014, 04:05
DmitryFarber wrote:
B is wrong because "a comfortable movement" doesn't really make sense. The dinosaur moved, but it didn't "have a movement."


So would this option be more preferable if the statement was to allow it to move comfortably? I got the answer correct. But I am not very sure why "that" is required. It sounds better, but if someone could help me with the logic, would appreciate it! :)
Re: A row of upright fan-shaped plates running down the spine   [#permalink] 24 Jul 2014, 04:05
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