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A scientific theory is a good theory if it satisfies two [#permalink]
29 Dec 2003, 09:51
50% (03:37) correct
50% (02:32) wrong based on 2 sessions
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A scientific theory is a good theory if it satisfies two requirements, It must accurately describe a large class of observations in terms of a model that is simple enough to contain only a few elements, and it must make definite predictions about the results of future observations, For example, Aristotles cosmological theory, which claimed that everything was made out of four elements earth, air, fire, and water satisfied the first requirement, but it did not make any definite, Thus, Aristotles cosmological theory was not a good theory.
If all the statements in the passage are true, each of the following must also be true EXCEPT:
(A) Prediction about the results of future observations must be made by any good scientific theory.
(B) Observation of physical phenomena was not a major concern in Aristotles cosmological Theory
(C) Four elements can be the basis of a scientific model that is simple enough to meet the Simplicity criterion of a good theory.
(D) A scientific model that contains many elements is not a good theory
(E) Aristotles cosmological theory described a large class of observations in terms of only four elements.