scientist recorded the number of eggs in each of 10 birds' nests. What was the standard deviation of the numbers of eggs in the 10 nests?

(1) The average (arithmetic mean) number of eggs for the 10 nests was 4.

(2) Each of the 10 nests contained the same number of eggs.

SD = Sqrt( sum(x-Mean)^2/n)

1 is INEFF as we can take two samples, sample one 5 nests were 3 and 5 nests were 5 - arithmetic means = 4.

another sample, 5 nests are 2 and 5 nests are 6, arithmetic mean 4 again but standard deviation (the dispersion of data points) is larger

2 is GOOD as the SD = 0, if all the same, no dispersion,

Answer is B

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