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A set of consecutive positive integers beginning with 1 is [#permalink]
11 Nov 2008, 01:02
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A
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E
Difficulty:
95% (hard)
Question Stats:
43% (01:41) correct
57% (02:31) wrong based on 81 sessions
A set of consecutive positive integers beginning with 1 is written on the blackboard. A student came along and erased one number. The average of the remaining numbers is 35 7/17. What was the number erased?
This one sure looks tricky. I am not able to reach the solution, but this is what i think. I am sure you must have done all this by now, but no harm in putting it down. 35 7/17 , means 602/17 , earlier i thought there must be 18 numbers, which is 17 + 1 that is taken out. But if there were, then their sum is 171 which is far too low. The average of 35 shows that the numbers were little higher, ( their sum should be 602 ) . The answer choices are very low numbers. I don't know how this is possible at all.
Sorry mate, i really doubt if the qs is correct ! Can you pls provide the source of this qs and check whether the numbers you mentioned are all correct ?
My method, I may not use this during the test, so i will still wait for another better solution.
set of consecutive positive integers beginning with 1, if n is the last number => SUM(1) = n(n+1)/2
If 1 number was taken out, so the SUM(2) then will be (n - 1) * average = (n - 1) * (35 + 7/17)
As SUM(2) is an integer so (n-1) is divisible by 17, the original average is in this range (34+7/17, 36 + 7/17) => n is in (2*(34+7/17), 2*(36 + 7/17)) or n is in (68.8, 72.8)
(n-1) is divisible by 17 and n is in (68.8, 72.8) => n = 69
The number was erased = SUM(1) - SUM(2) = 69*70/2 - (69-1) * (35 + 7/17) = 7
My method, I may not use this during the test, so i will still wait for another better solution.
set of consecutive positive integers beginning with 1, if n is the last number => SUM(1) = n(n+1)/2
If 1 number was taken out, so the SUM(2) then will be (n - 1) * average = (n - 1) * (35 + 7/17)
As SUM(2) is an integer so (n-1) is divisible by 17, the original average is in this range (34+7/17, 36 + 7/17) => n is in (2*(34+7/17), 2*(36 + 7/17)) or n is in (68.8, 72.8)
(n-1) is divisible by 17 and n is in (68.8, 72.8) => n = 69
The number was erased = SUM(1) - SUM(2) = 69*70/2 - (69-1) * (35 + 7/17) = 7
My method, I may not use this during the test, so i will still wait for another better solution.
set of consecutive positive integers beginning with 1, if n is the last number => SUM(1) = n(n+1)/2
If 1 number was taken out, so the SUM(2) then will be (n - 1) * average = (n - 1) * (35 + 7/17)
As SUM(2) is an integer so (n-1) is divisible by 17, the original average is in this range (34+7/17, 36 + 7/17) => n is in (2*(34+7/17), 2*(36 + 7/17)) or n is in (68.8, 72.8)
(n-1) is divisible by 17 and n is in (68.8, 72.8) => n = 69
The number was erased = SUM(1) - SUM(2) = 69*70/2 - (69-1) * (35 + 7/17) = 7
Answer: A
Could you elaborate the highlighted step further?
SUM (2) = (n - 1) * (35 + 7/17) = 35(n-1) + 7/17(n-1) as SUM(2) is an integer => 7/17(n-1) is integer or n-1 is divisible by 17
The range for the original average is just for to limit the result of n, if the largest number n was taken out, the average will be decreased at max n / (n-1) = 1 + 1/(n-1) ~ 1, so to be safe I place the range for this average +-1 to 35 7/17. This step can be ignored, instead we know that the average is ~35, so n should be around ~70 (average for consecutive integers = (n + 1)/2)
Re: A set of consecutive positive integers beginning with 1 is [#permalink]
08 Nov 2014, 10:48
A better and easier method is as follows: First of all, when ever a number is deleted from consecutive numbers, avg cant change more than 1/2. So in this case new avg is 35 7/17, so old average was 35. Now, 35 is avg of first 69 numbers, so previously there were 69 num, and now there are 68(after deletion). Now, 7/17 = 28/68 . So effectively, the number which was deleted gave 28/68 to each 68 num left, so the number should have been 28 less than 35(old avg) Ans= 35-28=7. Advantage with this method is that you can do it verbally.
The range for the original average is just for to limit the result of n, if the largest number n was taken out, the average will be decreased at max n / (n-1) = 1 + 1/(n-1) ~ 1, so to be safe I place the range for this average +-1 to 35 7/17. This step can be ignored, instead we know that the average is ~35, so n should be around ~70 (average for consecutive integers = (n + 1)/2) thanks _________________
Thanks, Lucky
_______________________________________________________ Kindly press the to appreciate my post !!
Re: A set of consecutive positive integers beginning with 1 is [#permalink]
02 Jan 2015, 12:31
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Hi All,
This question is layered with subtle "clues" as to how you can find the correct answer:
1) We're asked which number was removed from the list and the answers ARE numbers. We can use them against the prompt. 2) The average of the new group of numbers is 35 7/17. The denominator of THAT fraction tells us that the total number of terms in the new list MUST be a multiple of 17:
17, 34, 51, 68, 85, etc.
3) Since we're removing 1 number from a list of consecutive positive integers, we could quickly limit down the possible number of terms in the ORIGINAL list:
If new = 17, old = 18, but the numbers from 1 to 18 would NOT have an average in the mid-30s (it would be much smaller). ELIMINATE this option. If new = 34, old = 35, but we run into the same problem. The average won't match here either. ELIMINATE this option. If new = 51, old = 52, same problem here. ELIMINATE this option.
If new = 68, old = 69....HERE we have a group of numbers that might just be what we're looking for.
In the "old group", the average is the "middle term" = 35, which is REALLY close to the new average once we remove a number.
Now, we just have to figure out which of the 5 answers was removed (and that changed the new average to 35 7/17). There are a couple of ways to do this math, but I'm going to use the answers to save myself some steps:
Sum of 1 to 69, inclusive = 69(35) = 2415
Remove Answer B....2415 - 8 = 2407
New average = 2407/68 = 35 27/68
Now, we can compare 27/68 to 7/17
27/68 and 28/68
This is REALLY close, but is not the answer. Eliminate B. The answer is either A or C.
Since 28/68 is a BIGGER fraction than 27/68, we need the sum (of the 68 integers) to be BIGGER...which means we need to remove a SMALLER number.
Re: A set of consecutive positive integers beginning with 1 is [#permalink]
02 Apr 2015, 22:33
EMPOWERgmatRichC wrote:
Hi All,
This question is layered with subtle "clues" as to how you can find the correct answer:
1) We're asked which number was removed from the list and the answers ARE numbers. We can use them against the prompt. 2) The average of the new group of numbers is 35 7/17. The denominator of THAT fraction tells us that the total number of terms in the new list MUST be a multiple of 17:
17, 34, 51, 68, 85, etc.
3) Since we're removing 1 number from a list of consecutive positive integers, we could quickly limit down the possible number of terms in the ORIGINAL list:
If new = 17, old = 18, but the numbers from 1 to 18 would NOT have an average in the mid-30s (it would be much smaller). ELIMINATE this option. If new = 34, old = 35, but we run into the same problem. The average won't match here either. ELIMINATE this option. If new = 51, old = 52, same problem here. ELIMINATE this option.
If new = 68, old = 69....HERE we have a group of numbers that might just be what we're looking for.
In the "old group", the average is the "middle term" = 35, which is REALLY close to the new average once we remove a number.
Now, we just have to figure out which of the 5 answers was removed (and that changed the new average to 35 7/17). There are a couple of ways to do this math, but I'm going to use the answers to save myself some steps:
Sum of 1 to 69, inclusive = 69(35) = 2415
Remove Answer B....2415 - 8 = 2407
New average = 2407/68 = 35 27/68
Now, we can compare 27/68 to 7/17
27/68 and 28/68
This is REALLY close, but is not the answer. Eliminate B. The answer is either A or C.
Since 28/68 is a BIGGER fraction than 27/68, we need the sum (of the 68 integers) to be BIGGER...which means we need to remove a SMALLER number.
Thanks for providing this easy to understand solution. Just one step which can reduce effort at the end
69*35 = 2415 and our earlier average is 35 7/17 = 602/17, we know total numbers here in this case (after one got erased is 68) so 4*602/4*17 = 2408/68. now since total should have been 2415, the deleted number is 2415-2408=7
gmatclubot
Re: A set of consecutive positive integers beginning with 1 is
[#permalink]
02 Apr 2015, 22:33
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