A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led

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A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led [#permalink]

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22 Feb 2009, 12:22
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A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts to predict that the manufacturer will have to lay workers ,the new order that consolidated airlines has just made for 20 of Manto's model TX jets does not provide a reason for the analysts to revise their predictions ,because simultaneously with its new order , consolidated canceled its existing order for an equal number of manto's larger, more expensive model Z jets

which of the following ,if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A. Manto relies more heavily on outside subcontractors to provide the labor to manufacture the Model Z than it does the Model TX

B. The Manto employees who currently work to manufacture the model Z are Not proficient at manufacturing the model TX

C. Manto includes all required maintenance work for the first five years in the price of each jet it sells .

D. Manto has had to lay off workers several times within the past ten years but has typically rehired many of the workers when it subsequently received new orders

E. A large number of the airliners in consolidated is fleet are at the beginning of their expected service life

not satisfied with OA.....wht would be the OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
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22 Feb 2009, 12:50
The argument is that the number of workers that need to be laid off does NOT need to be revised.

The underlying reason is there was order for X units of A (big ones) that is now cancelled and now X units of B(small ones) is ordered.

To me (B) stands out because if people who are on board for A dont know how to make B, company will need to fire and hire again. It is very well possible that they might need fewer/more people than they currently have depending on the business requirement/intricacies in making B. But the number needs to be revised. We cannot just say that replacement will be one to one.
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22 Feb 2009, 15:52
is it A?
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05 Jun 2009, 07:12
I'd go with A
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05 Jun 2009, 10:31
IMO A
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05 Apr 2014, 01:24
Guys,

Can we have some discussion on this one?...

I am not sure why E cannot be the answer?

~M14

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Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2015, 01:49
Can some one please explain why E is not the correct answer?
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23 Aug 2015, 20:34
[quote="abhimahna"]Can some one please explain why E is not the correct

I went with A
In this case the only time company wouldn't have to layoff anyone would be in following
1. The canceled order had lower profit margin and were too expensive to build for any reason such as low expertise, expensive labor or expensive component

Hope this helps

E. A large number of the airliners in consolidated is fleet are at the beginning of their expected service life
even if this is true, this actually support analyst. Newer fleet low wear and tear this in turn means lows calls for services and hence company will not get more revenue
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23 Aug 2015, 22:07
Hi

A is the correct answer choice because it provides the reason which if true could potentially weaken the conclusion.
Since Manto relies on more outside sub-contractors to build Model Z than to build consolidated,the cancellation of the contract for Model Z does not provide a reason to sack it own employess.

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09 May 2016, 03:31
This is so in line with the real world around us. Companies actually hire workers on 'contract-basis' and not as full time company employees usually for short-term projects or for projects companies are not that confident about because contractors can be easily fired (or layed-off) without affecting the attrition rate of the company. They are not their employees at first place

This is exactly whats happening in this argument with the option A saying- Mostly contractors (and not company's own worker) were involved in the project 'model Z'. So even if it is scrapped, its the contractors that will be jobless, not the full time employees of Manto. Hmm.. Manto played it really safe here

Option A
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17 Jun 2016, 06:22
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Explanation :-
First find the premise and conclusion :-

Premise 1) AN airline named "Consolidate airline" ordered - 20 TX MODEL JETS from another aircraft maker called "Manto"
Premise 2) But "Consolidated airline" cancelled more expensive- 20 Z SERIES JETS from Manto. (in net effect Manto lost the expensive order and got a less expensive order)
Conclusion) Less order for Manto Aircrafts airliner means Manto will have fire employee

So Now we have to weaken the conclusion by showing that MANTO will not fire employee. The option that shows that Manto will not fire employees will be correct

A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts to predict that the manufacturer will have to lay workers ,the new order that consolidated airlines has just made for 20 of Manto's model TX jets does not provide a reason for the analysts to revise their predictions ,because simultaneously with its new order , consolidated canceled its existing order for an equal number of Manto's larger, more expensive model Z jets

Which of the following ,if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A. Manto relies more heavily on outside subcontractors to provide the labor to manufacture the Model Z than it does the Model TX
Keep it for later

B. The Manto employees who currently work to manufacture the model Z are Not proficient at manufacturing the model TX
Wrong:- So employees cannot make Model TX . But now Manto have to produce model TX because order of model Z is cancelled. And these employees cannot make Model TX. Imagine even if Manto fires these employees, it will strengthen the conclusion and not weaken it. We have to show manto will not fire employee. This option suggests Manto will fire employee. Hence Wrong

C. Manto includes all required maintenance work for the first five years in the price of each jet it sells .
Wrong:- So what, Do they tell us that series Z needed more maintenance than TX model. May be TX model requires a lot of maintainance, may be not. What is the Amount of money that MANTO receives by maintenance . None of these is mentioned in question stem.

D. Manto has had to lay off workers several times within the past ten years but has typically rehired many of the workers when it subsequently received new orders.
Wrong:- So MANTO is a good company and rehire workers in the future. But Do we know for sure that Manto will receive subsequent new orders and will be able to rehire the fired workers. We can't say for sure .. so this option is wrong. Also the question is about firing the workers in current time. What happens in future is irrelevant.

E. A large number of the airliners in "consolidated fleet" are at the beginning of their expected service life.
Wrong:- A large number of planes of "CONSOLIDATED AIRLINES" will start to need maintenance. OK !! so what ! How does it affects MANTO. At worst this options make us assume that maintenance work will be done by other company and not Manto and thus Manto will not gain anything. At best this options tells us that Since CONSOLIDATED AIRLINE is already buying 20 TX model jet , it might not need to maintain its old aircrafts.

BAMM.. we are done and we don't have a clear answer except A.. SO by the process of elimination we found out that A id the answer.
NOW LETS SEE HOW OPTION A CAN BE THE CORRECT ANSWER

A. Manto relies more heavily on outside subcontractors to provide the labor to manufacture the Model Z than it does the Model TX
RIGHT :- Since now Manto does not have to make MODeL Z. It will not heavily use subcontractors from outside. Since it will not heavily use subcontractors from outside, it will not have to pay them lot of money. Since it will not pay outside people, that lot of money will be saved, since lot of mmoney will be saved,that money might be used to pay salaries of employees. Hence Monty will not fire employees. A is correct.

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Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2016, 07:32
A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts to predict that the manufacturer will have to lay workers ,the new order that consolidated airlines has just made for 20 of Manto's model TX jets does not provide a reason for the analysts to revise their predictions ,because simultaneously with its new order , consolidated canceled its existing order for an equal number of manto's larger, more expensive model Z jets

which of the following ,if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A. Manto relies more heavily on outside subcontractors to provide the labor to manufacture the Model Z than it does the Model TX

B. The Manto employees who currently work to manufacture the model Z are Not proficient at manufacturing the model TX

C. Manto includes all required maintenance work for the first five years in the price of each jet it sells .

D. Manto has had to lay off workers several times within the past ten years but has typically rehired many of the workers when it subsequently received new orders

----Why cant the answer be B)
B says "The Manto employees who currently work to manufacture the model Z are Not proficient at manufacturing the model TX "
- ok! so employees can make Z but they cant make TX ..but no more Z to make they only have TX to make . So firing the employees will not help them in any way , because even if they fire them have to rehire some who knows to make TX . Instead they would train existing ones ( for that they would need few trainers) ..so this will lead to hiring . ok! even if not hiring at least it will no lead to job cuts. so the prediction wont hold true.

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24 Jun 2016, 20:32
deepak268 wrote:
A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led analysts to predict that the manufacturer will have to lay workers ,the new order that consolidated airlines has just made for 20 of Manto's model TX jets does not provide a reason for the analysts to revise their predictions ,because simultaneously with its new order , consolidated canceled its existing order for an equal number of manto's larger, more expensive model Z jets

which of the following ,if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A. Manto relies more heavily on outside subcontractors to provide the labor to manufacture the Model Z than it does the Model TX

B. The Manto employees who currently work to manufacture the model Z are Not proficient at manufacturing the model TX

C. Manto includes all required maintenance work for the first five years in the price of each jet it sells .

D. Manto has had to lay off workers several times within the past ten years but has typically rehired many of the workers when it subsequently received new orders

----Why cant the answer be B)
B says "The Manto employees who currently work to manufacture the model Z are Not proficient at manufacturing the model TX "
- ok! so employees can make Z but they cant make TX ..but no more Z to make they only have TX to make . So firing the employees will not help them in any way , because even if they fire them have to rehire some who knows to make TX . Instead they would train existing ones ( for that they would need few trainers) ..so this will lead to hiring . ok! even if not hiring at least it will no lead to job cuts. so the prediction wont hold true.

thanks

We have to weaken the conclusion by showing that MANTO will not fire employee.

Your restaurant ( that is not making a lot of profit) is changing its menu from Chinese cuisine to Italian Cuisine. Half of your current chefs are Chinese and don't know how to make Italian cuisine. What is the most possible outcome. YOU MAY FIRE ALL THOSE CHINESE CHEFS BECAUSE A CHINESE CHEF HAS NO USE IN AN ITALIAN RESTAURANT.
Do the remaining italian chef need training. NO- they already know how to make Italian food.

Similarly some of the employee knows how to make model Z (Chinee food ) but they don't know how to make model TX (Italian). Now your contact is to make model TX.(restaurant to make Italian only) . Isn't there a high probability that those who don't know model Z will be fired.
Do you need to HIRE trainers. NO - because your other employees know how to make MODEL -TX. EVEN IF A TRAINER IS NEEDED, ONE OF THESE EMPLOYEES CAN BE MADE A TEMPORARY SUPERVISOR AND TRAINER

TO WEAKEN THE CONCLUSION WE HAVE TO SHOW MANTO AIRLINE WILL NOT FIRE THE EMPLOYEES.

B STILL HAS A POSSIBILITY OF FIRING.

Therefore B is not correct
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05 Jan 2017, 18:53
The OA is correct and explanations provided in the thread appear sufficient. If there are any specific questions, please post them here and then click again on the "Request Expert Reply" button – closing this request.
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09 Jan 2017, 14:18
I Support A since the workers requried for the manufacturing of the planes are also hired from the outside partiesand may vary on the type of plane manufactured.
Re: A shortage of orders for Manto Aircraft's airliners has led   [#permalink] 09 Jan 2017, 14:18
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