A society in which there are many crimes, such as thefts and : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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A society in which there are many crimes, such as thefts and

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A society in which there are many crimes, such as thefts and [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2004, 23:20
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21. A society in which there are many crimes, such as thefts and murders, should not be called "lawless" That is an abuse of the meaning of words. As a suffix "less "means "without" so "lawless" means "without laws." However, a society that has no laws has no crimes, because no laws can be broken. A lawless society would, therefore, be a crimeless society. So what some have termed a lawless society should actually be called "crimeful".

If the statements in the passage are true, which one of the following must also be true?

(A) A society that has laws has crimes.
(B) A society that has no crimes has no laws.
(C) A society that has many laws has many crimes.
(D) A society that has some crimes has some laws.
(E) A society that has many crimes has many
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15 Sep 2004, 01:03
Hmmm, I would choose B.

A, C, and D are more or less the same. With E I don't catch an good reasoning, because the sentence did not finish: A society that has many crimes has many ???

Please correct me if I am wrong.

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Alex
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15 Sep 2004, 02:15
If in (E) you meant to write "A society that has many crimes has many laws", then I would say the correct answer is (A). All other answers don't hold.
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15 Sep 2004, 05:37
A for me.........B is explicitly stated in the passage!
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15 Sep 2004, 06:35
With everyone voting for A and B, I am going to be an odd man out.
I prefer D.

1. Lawless=> No laws => No crimes
2. A crime happens when a law is broken.
3. Many crimes = crimeful

No laws=>No crimes does not mean No Crimes=>No laws

(A) A society that has laws has crimes.
Not necessarilly. There may be laws, but the guys may be too good to not have any crime in that community.
(B) A society that has no crimes has no laws.
Not necessarilly. There may be laws, but the guys may be too good to not have any crime in that community.
(C) A society that has many laws has many crimes.
Many laws and good guys may make it less crimes.
(D) A society that has some crimes has some laws.
If there is a crime, there has to be some law broken. Hence there has got to some law.
(E) A society that has many crimes has many laws.
Less laws, but to many bad guys make it may crimes.
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15 Sep 2004, 20:14
D. no laws => no crimes : true
negated : (some) crimes => (some) laws : true
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16 Sep 2004, 00:30
I would go for D. More than any logic stufff, I think D is more 'indisputable' type than other choices.

Last edited by venksune on 16 Sep 2004, 03:12, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A society in which there are many crimes, such as thefts and [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2016, 00:04
Let L denote Law and C denote Crime, and L denote No Law and same for No Crime.

Passage says L --> C
Counterpositive of this statement is

C --> L. See Logical Connectives to understand more.
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Re: A society in which there are many crimes, such as thefts and   [#permalink] 05 Apr 2016, 00:04
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