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A “Sophie Germain” prime is any positive prime number p for [#permalink]

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15 May 2012, 20:48

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A “Sophie Germain” prime is any positive prime number p for which 2p + 1 is also prime. The product of all the possible units digits of Sophie Germain primes greater than 5 is

A “Sophie Germain” prime is any positive prime number p for which 2p + 1 is also prime. The product of all the possible units digits of Sophie Germain primes greater than 5 is

A. 3 B. 7 C. 21 D. 27 E. 189

A prime number greater than 5 can have only the following four units digits: 1, 3, 7, or 9.

If the units digit of p is 1 then the units digit of 2p+1 would be 3, which is a possible units digit for a prime. For example consider p=11=prime --> 2p+1=23=prime;

If the units digit of p is 3 then the units digit of 2p+1 would be 7, which is a possible units digit for a prime. For example consider p=23=prime --> 2p+1=47=prime;

If the units digit of p is 7 then the units digit of 2p+1 would be 5, which is NOT a possible units digit for a prime;

If the units digit of p is 9 then the units digit of 2p+1 would be 9, which is a possible units digit for a prime. For example consider p=29=prime --> 2p+1=59=prime.

The product of all the possible units digits of Sophie Germain primes greater than 5 is 1*3*9=27.

Re: A “Sophie Germain” prime is any positive prime number p for [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2013, 11:37

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: A “Sophie Germain” prime is any positive prime number p for [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2014, 08:06

Bunuel wrote:

alchemist009 wrote:

A “Sophie Germain” prime is any positive prime number p for which 2p + 1 is also prime. The product of all the possible units digits of Sophie Germain primes greater than 5 is

A. 3 B. 7 C. 21 D. 27 E. 189

A prime number greater than 5 can have only the following four units digits: 1, 3, 7, or 9.

If the units digit of p is 1 then the units digit of 2p+1 would be 3, which is a possible units digit for a prime. For example consider p=11=prime --> 2p+1=23=prime;

If the units digit of p is 3 then the units digit of 2p+1 would be 7, which is a possible units digit for a prime. For example consider p=23=prime --> 2p+1=47=prime;

If the units digit of p is 7 then the units digit of 2p+1 would be 5, which is NOT a possible units digit for a prime;

If the units digit of p is 9 then the units digit of 2p+1 would be 9, which is a possible units digit for a prime. For example consider p=29=prime --> 2p+1=59=prime.

The product of all the possible units digits of Sophie Germain primes greater than 5 is 1*3*9=27.

Answer: D.

Hope it's clear.

Why 7 is not considered for the final answer?
_________________

A “Sophie Germain” prime is any positive prime number p for which 2p + 1 is also prime. The product of all the possible units digits of Sophie Germain primes greater than 5 is

A. 3 B. 7 C. 21 D. 27 E. 189

A prime number greater than 5 can have only the following four units digits: 1, 3, 7, or 9.

If the units digit of p is 1 then the units digit of 2p+1 would be 3, which is a possible units digit for a prime. For example consider p=11=prime --> 2p+1=23=prime;

If the units digit of p is 3 then the units digit of 2p+1 would be 7, which is a possible units digit for a prime. For example consider p=23=prime --> 2p+1=47=prime;

If the units digit of p is 7 then the units digit of 2p+1 would be 5, which is NOT a possible units digit for a prime;

If the units digit of p is 9 then the units digit of 2p+1 would be 9, which is a possible units digit for a prime. For example consider p=29=prime --> 2p+1=59=prime.

The product of all the possible units digits of Sophie Germain primes greater than 5 is 1*3*9=27.

Answer: D.

Hope it's clear.

Why 7 is not considered for the final answer?

If the units digit of p is 7 then the units digit of 2p+1 would be 5, which is NOT a possible units digit for a prime greater than 5.
_________________

Re: A “Sophie Germain” prime is any positive prime number p for [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2014, 08:21

Bunuel wrote:

kinjiGC wrote:

Bunuel wrote:

A “Sophie Germain” prime is any positive prime number p for which 2p + 1 is also prime. The product of all the possible units digits of Sophie Germain primes greater than 5 is

A. 3 B. 7 C. 21 D. 27 E. 189

A prime number greater than 5 can have only the following four units digits: 1, 3, 7, or 9.

If the units digit of p is 1 then the units digit of 2p+1 would be 3, which is a possible units digit for a prime. For example consider p=11=prime --> 2p+1=23=prime;

If the units digit of p is 3 then the units digit of 2p+1 would be 7, which is a possible units digit for a prime. For example consider p=23=prime --> 2p+1=47=prime;

If the units digit of p is 7 then the units digit of 2p+1 would be 5, which is NOT a possible units digit for a prime;

If the units digit of p is 9 then the units digit of 2p+1 would be 9, which is a possible units digit for a prime. For example consider p=29=prime --> 2p+1=59=prime.

The product of all the possible units digits of Sophie Germain primes greater than 5 is 1*3*9=27.

Answer: D.

Hope it's clear.

Why 7 is not considered for the final answer?

If the units digit of p is 7 then the units digit of 2p+1 would be 5, which is NOT a possible units digit for a prime greater than 5.

It might be simple, but I have a doubt here. The question asks product of all the possible unit digits of Sophie Germain primes.

As 47 is a sophie germain prime number and prime number and 47 is > than 5, so 7 being the unit digit should be included in the product to get the final answer. That is why I marked 189.
_________________

If the units digit of p is 7 then the units digit of 2p+1 would be 5, which is NOT a possible units digit for a prime greater than 5.

It might be simple, but I have a doubt here. The question asks product of all the possible unit digits of Sophie Germain primes.

As 47 is a sophie germain prime number and prime number and 47 is > than 5, so 7 being the unit digit should be included in the product to get the final answer. That is why I marked 189.

A “Sophie Germain” prime is any positive prime number p for which 2p + 1 is also prime. 47 is NOT a “Sophie Germain” prime because 2p+1=95, which is NOT a prime. Again, a “Sophie Germain” prime cannot have 7 as its units digit because the units digit of 2p+1 in this case would be 5. No prime greater than 5 has 5 as its units digit.

Re: A “Sophie Germain” prime is any positive prime number p for [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2015, 18:02

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: A “Sophie Germain” prime is any positive prime number p for [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2016, 10:41

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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A "Sophie Germain" prime is any positive prime number p for which 2p+1 is also prime. The product of all the possible units digits of Sophie Germain primes greater than 5 is

A "Sophie Germain" prime is any positive prime number p for which 2p+1 is also prime. The product of all the possible units digits of Sophie Germain primes greater than 5 is

A: 37 B: 21 C: 27 D: 18 E: 9

IN URGENT NEED OF KUDOS !

Merging topics. Please refer to the discussion above.
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A “Sophie Germain” prime is any positive prime number p for [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2016, 22:47

Bunuel wrote:

alchemist009 wrote:

A “Sophie Germain” prime is any positive prime number p for which 2p + 1 is also prime. The product of all the possible units digits of Sophie Germain primes greater than 5 is

A. 3 B. 7 C. 21 D. 27 E. 189

A prime number greater than 5 can have only the following four units digits: 1, 3, 7, or 9.

If the units digit of p is 1 then the units digit of 2p+1 would be 3, which is a possible units digit for a prime. For example consider p=11=prime --> 2p+1=23=prime;

If the units digit of p is 3 then the units digit of 2p+1 would be 7, which is a possible units digit for a prime. For example consider p=23=prime --> 2p+1=47=prime;

If the units digit of p is 7 then the units digit of 2p+1 would be 5, which is NOT a possible units digit for a prime;

If the units digit of p is 9 then the units digit of 2p+1 would be 9, which is a possible units digit for a prime. For example consider p=29=prime --> 2p+1=59=prime.

The product of all the possible units digits of Sophie Germain primes greater than 5 is 1*3*9=27.

Answer: D.

Hope it's clear.

Need your help in understanding the question. Does not this question ask for product of "unit digits of Sophie prime numbers" and not unit digits of prime numbers. In that case, the Sophie prime numbers greater than 5 are 7,11,23,47,59, .. which yields units digit as 1,3,7 and 9 Product would be 1 x 3 x 7x9 =189 Answer should be E.

Re: A “Sophie Germain” prime is any positive prime number p for [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2016, 22:53

abani wrote:

Bunuel wrote:

alchemist009 wrote:

A “Sophie Germain” prime is any positive prime number p for which 2p + 1 is also prime. The product of all the possible units digits of Sophie Germain primes greater than 5 is

A. 3 B. 7 C. 21 D. 27 E. 189

A prime number greater than 5 can have only the following four units digits: 1, 3, 7, or 9.

If the units digit of p is 1 then the units digit of 2p+1 would be 3, which is a possible units digit for a prime. For example consider p=11=prime --> 2p+1=23=prime;

If the units digit of p is 3 then the units digit of 2p+1 would be 7, which is a possible units digit for a prime. For example consider p=23=prime --> 2p+1=47=prime;

If the units digit of p is 7 then the units digit of 2p+1 would be 5, which is NOT a possible units digit for a prime;

If the units digit of p is 9 then the units digit of 2p+1 would be 9, which is a possible units digit for a prime. For example consider p=29=prime --> 2p+1=59=prime.

The product of all the possible units digits of Sophie Germain primes greater than 5 is 1*3*9=27.

Answer: D.

Hope it's clear.

Need your help in understanding the question. Does not this question ask for product of "unit digits of Sophie prime numbers" and not unit digits of prime numbers. In that case, the Sophie prime numbers greater than 5 are 7,11,23,47,59, .. which yields units digit as 1,3,7 and 9 Product would be 1 x 3 x 7x9 =189 Answer should be E.

Please help me understand.

I went through the post and understood it. English is tough

gmatclubot

Re: A “Sophie Germain” prime is any positive prime number p for
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06 Sep 2016, 22:53

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