A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron

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A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2005, 12:31
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A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole after it passes through a red giant stage, depending on mass.
(A) A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole after it passes through a red giant stage, depending on mass.
(B) After passing through a red giant stage, depending on its mass, a star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.
(C) After passing through a red giant stage, a starâ€™s mass will determine if it compresses itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.
(D) Mass determines whether a star, after passing through the red giant stage, will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.
(E) The mass of a star, after passing through the red giant stage, will determine whether it compresses itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.

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Last edited by Darth_McDaddy on 06 Jul 2005, 03:16, edited 1 time in total.
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05 Jul 2005, 12:53
I will go with D on this. I may be wrong since I can not seem to deny B.

Paul, supercat, AJB77, himalaya, cristoph help me explain,

Doesnt "depending on its mass" phrase in B seem to modify "a red giant stage", nearest noun. Or is it possible in a sentence for 2 opening phrases to modify the subject of the sentence. I have not seen a sentence where 2 opening phrases modify the subject. Any example....

(A) A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole after it passes through a red giant stage, depending on mass.

- OUT depending on mass seems to modify a red giant stage.

(B) After passing through a red giant stage, depending on its mass, a star
will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.

- Looks good but again "its" does not seem to resolve its antecedent : a star or a red giant stage

(C) After passing through a red giant stage, a starâ€™s mass will determine
if it compresses itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.
- OUT misplaced modifier, seems to indicate that a starâ€™s mass will pass through a red giant stage

(D) Mass determines whether a star, after passing through the red giant stage, will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.

- Looks Good but again weird formation, It should say "Star's mass" or "mass of a star"

(E) The mass of a star, after passing through the red giant stage, will determine whether it compresses itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.

- OUT misplaced modifier, seems to indicate that a starâ€™s mass will pass through a red giant stage
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05 Jul 2005, 13:32
I will pick B

A) A star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole after it passes through a red giant stage, depending on mass.

- OUT "depending on mass" seems to modify "it passes through a red giant stage".

(B) After passing through a red giant stage, depending on its mass, a star
will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.

- Correct. A star is the subject of "pass through..." . and "depending on ..." is at the right position .

(C) After passing through a red giant stage, a starâ€™s mass will determine
if it compresses itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.
- OUT misplaced modifier, seems to indicate that a starâ€™s mass will pass through a red giant stage

(D) Mass determines whether a star, after passing through the red giant stage, will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.

- Looks Good but again weird formation, It should say "Star's mass" or "mass of a star"

(E) The mass of a star, after passing through the red giant stage, will determine whether it compresses itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.

-- out. because wrongly indicate that the subject of "pass through..." is the mass.
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05 Jul 2005, 13:53
Agree with D here.
In B, "its" seems to refer to "red giant stage" which is illogical. Rupstar, the participial phrase here modifies "red giant stage" rather than the subject of the IC. In E, on top of the participial phrase modifying the wrong word "mass", "it" also refers to "mass" which is wrong.
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05 Jul 2005, 14:10
Paul,

What If i change the position of the verb phrase "depending on its mass"?
Although it will correctly modifies "a star", but now "a star" looks parenthical defining "a red giant stage", the sentence makes perfect sense. Its has clear referent?

What do you think could be wrong in this sentence?

After passing through a red giant stage, a star, depending on its mass, will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.
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05 Jul 2005, 14:21
your sentence makes perfect sense. There is nothing wrong with it.
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Paul

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06 Jul 2005, 06:38
Paul, Ritesh and Flyto - Thank you very much for participating. The OA is D. Your explanations helped me to realize that I missed the misplaced modifier.
06 Jul 2005, 06:38
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