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# A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989

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A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.

A) that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing

B) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in

C) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing

D) creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in

E) creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing
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Re: A study of food resources [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2012, 15:30
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Hi Metallicafan .

Let me see if I interpret your question correctly. You are asking, I believe, how the participial modifiers work with commas.

1. The sea creatures floated merrily along the water, waving their blubbery flippers.

2. The sea creatures floated merrily along the water waving their blubbery flippers.

In the first case, 'waving their...' refers to the subject of the sentence because of the comma between the participial phrase and the noun water. When I remove the comma, as I did in #2, an illogical comparison arises. Now the water is waving blubbery flippers (which, despite the arresting visual, is clearly nonsensical).

In the original question, in answer choice (A) the participial phrase 'possibly resulting' illogically modifies 'creatures'. You allude to this error. It sounds that the MGMAT folks may have been saying that getting rid of the comma would correct this faulty modification: '...were suffering from dwindling supplies possibly resulting from increasing...'. Nevertheless, this phrase sounds a bit awkward and is not as direct as (B).

Hopefully, that somewhat helps .
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Re: A study of food resources [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2012, 22:09
B is correct as the entire part before the comma is a clause in itself. So, anything after comma need not modify anything before comma. B correctly does that.
Others don't
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Re: A study of food resources [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2012, 22:44
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I would rather take a less tortuous route to get this solved. An increasing temperature means an on going and continuing affair without a cap and hence is illogical. On the contrary, an increase denotes a certain amount of increase in temperature that has ceased to increase after the spurt. This is acceptable

So we have a cause to dump A, C and E. Coming to B and D, In D, the usage ‘creatures of the seabed that were suffering’ flouts touch rule of the relative pronoun. So there is enough reason to choose B, not withstanding the debate about the modification
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Re: A study of food resources [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2012, 07:27
daagh wrote:
I would rather take a less tortuous route to get this solved. An increasing temperature means an on going and continuing affair without a cap and hence is illogical. On the contrary, an increase denotes a certain amount of increase in temperature that has ceased to increase after the spurt. This is acceptable

So we have a cause to dump A, C and E. Coming to B and D, In D, the usage ‘creatures of the seabed that were suffering’ flouts touch rule of the relative pronoun. So there is enough reason to choose B, not withstanding the debate about the modification

Thank you Chriss and daagh!
daagh, I have an additional question: In the case of C, could "as a result of increasing" mean also that the food supplies are increasing the temperature?
Let' see: "...because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing temperatures..."
Now, let's see this example: She love me as a result of sending love letters and chocolates to her.

In this case, "sending" is not a modifier of "love letters and chocolates".

What do you think? Probably, choice C (and A and E) could also have that ambiguous meaning. Maybe we could undestand that the food supplies are increasing the temperatures. In other words, "increasing" is not a modifier in those choices.
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Re: A study of food resources [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2012, 10:25
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I fully agree that in your example, the word sending is certainly a gerund; However In the case of increasing temps, the expression increasing of temps, would have made it straighter.

If this sentence is flipped it will read as follows: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 revealed that increasing temperatures (an increase in temperatures) during the same period possibly caused the dwindling of food supplies, which in turn caused the creatures of the seabed to suffer. Perhaps, this would make it clear what caused what. As per this, it looks as if the temperatures were the initiators of the whole phenomenon.

But IMO, the prime purpose of this topic, would be to test whether 1. We can make a distinction between increasing temperatures and an increase in temperature and whether 2. We can elicit the necessity of using the connector ‘that’ in a reported text such as this.
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Re: A study of food resources [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2012, 04:48
Option B is correct. I eliminated options A and D because I felt that "suffering from dwindling food supplies" is an incorrect usage.C changes the meaning.Is my reasoning right ...
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Re: A study of food resources [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2012, 05:17
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At first glance,I would eliminate A,D,E. Then as far as B and C are concerned...C is unclear about the " Which " ,whether it is referring to the food supplies or the creatures of the sea!! So IMO B as my answer :D
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A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2012, 00:14
A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.
a) that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing
b) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in
c) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing
d) creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in
e) creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing

I got the correct answer eliminating other choices on the basis of meaning but I want to understand the sentence structure of the correct answer and what is the role of modifier in correct answer choice?

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Re: Kindly explain role of odofoer in this question. [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2012, 05:50
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To answer your specific question, yes; the modifier is an adverbial phrase, because it answers the question- Why were the food supplies dwindling?
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Re: Kindly explain role of odofoer in this question. [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2012, 06:21
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Hi

Daagh explained it concisely and precisely,but will take a shot at it breaking down the individual components of that adverbial modifier

b) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in

that creatures of the seabed were suffering --- Dpndt Clause

food supplies were dwindling ---- Dpndt Clause

possibly ---- adverb modifying as a result of

possibly as a result of an increase in ----- adverbial modifier modifying or giving a reason why the food supplies were dwindling

Thanks
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2012, 10:58
Can somebody explain what is the difference between answer choice A and B...

I chose A over B just because A was short, though B sounded clear and concise...

are there some further explanations for B being the answer??
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Re: 13 A study of food resources in the North Pacific between [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2013, 00:56
resulting from – gives additional information , noun modifier
as a result ofcausal relationship

So, a,d,e can be eliminated

C can be eliminated based on meaning as explained by gmatpill
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A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2013, 04:11
A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.

a) that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing
b) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in
c) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing
d) creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in
e) creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing

Need explanation
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Re: 13 A study of food resources in the North Pacific between [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2013, 10:18
sondenso wrote:
13 A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.
a) that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing
b) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in
c) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing
d) creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in
e) creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing

IMO, B is correct.

Idiom: reveal that..... ==> down to A, B, C.
a) that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing
Wrong. Because "resulting from increasing" should modify "dwindling food supplies", not "creatures". If there's NO COMMA, the sentence may be correct.

b) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in
Correct. Even though the sentence is longer than A but its grammar is correct, meaning is clear. So we do not have evidences to eliminate. Hence, B is correct.

c) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing
Wrong. awkward.
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2013, 01:02
All duplicate threads on this topic have been merged.

Please check and follow the Guidelines for Posting in Verbal GMAT forum before posting anything.
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A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1986 [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2013, 01:51
A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1986 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.

A. that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing
B. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in
C. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing
D. creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in
E. creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing

Last edited by Guest on 13 Aug 2013, 21:05, edited 1 time in total.
Topic Renamed - Please use the first sentence of the question to name the topic
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A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1986 [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2013, 01:52
A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1986 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.

A. that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing
B. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in
C. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing
D. creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in
E. creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing

Last edited by mau5 on 13 Aug 2013, 01:55, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic.
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1986 [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2013, 02:16
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Dhairya275 wrote:
A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1986 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.

A. that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing
B. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in
C. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing
D. creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in
E. creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing

IMO B
SOME THEORIES:
-verb-ing =>when followed by a (clause+comma) either modify -whole clause or -show result .
-which =>this can never refer to whole clause it either refers to noun or noun phrase.

A. that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing
WRONG.
-Dwindling food supplies =>it seems that food supplies were dwindling by itself.=>illigical.
-wrong usage of verb-ing after (clause+comma)=>neither showing result of previous clause nor describing previous clause.

B. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in
RIGHT.

C. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing
WRONG.
-The part starting from WHICH WERE..{...}is acting as a modifier..now if you remove this modifier you can easily see that sentence is incomplete hence a fragment.

D. creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in
WRONG.
-Lack of THAT after revealed..(revealed that ...)
-again same as C its a fragment.

E. creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing
WRONG.
-use of which is wrong....as we know which cant refer to a CLAUSE hence it is either refering to FOOD SUPPLIES or DWINDLING(not a noun)..in both cases sentence doesnt makes sense.

hence B
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Re: Sentence Correction - Food Resources [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2013, 10:50
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Dhairya275 wrote:
A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1986 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.

A. that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing
B. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in
C. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing
D. creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in
E. creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing

I'm happy to help with this.

Split #1: the verb "revealed" requires a "that" clause. See:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-idiom ... t-clauses/
In colloquial speech, we might drop the word "that", but we cannot do that in the formal language of GMAT SC. Choice (D) & (E) are out.

Split #2: the word "because" is a subordinate clause that must be followed by a full [NOUN] + [VERB] clause. In (C), the word "because" is followed by a noun, "food supplies", but no verb. This commits the missing verb mistake, and is wrong.

Now we are down to (A) & (B). Choice (A) makes a modifier mistake ---- the participle "resulting" should modify the noun it touches, but the "food supplies" were not "resulting from an increasing sea surface temperature". Also, that phrase "an increasing sea surface temperature" is very awkward. It's much clearer to say "an increase in sea surface temperature", which is precisely what (B) has.

Choice (B) is the only answer that is absolutely free of grammatical error. It may not be rhetorically ideal, but it is clearly the best of the five answer choices here.

Does all this make sense?
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2013, 06:43
: B…
MEANING… A study…. Revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering….. because of something…. , but suffering from disease, so remove A,D,E… then left BC… among them…. Possibly should modify dwindling… that connect the clauses…
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989   [#permalink] 26 Sep 2013, 06:43

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