A study of high blood pressure treatments found that : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
Check GMAT Club App Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases http://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 09 Dec 2016, 15:47

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

A study of high blood pressure treatments found that

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 04 Nov 2012
Posts: 62
Schools: NTU '16 (A)
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 79 [5] , given: 39

A study of high blood pressure treatments found that [#permalink]

Show Tags

21 Jul 2013, 20:44
5
This post received
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

76% (02:22) correct 24% (01:48) wrong based on 388 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

A study of high blood pressure treatments found that certain meditation techniques and the most commonly prescribed drugs are equally effective if the selected treatment is followed as directed over the long term. Half the patients given drugs soon stop taking them regularly, whereas eighty percent of the study's participants who were taught meditation techniques were still regularly using them five years later. Therefore, the meditation treatment is the one likely to produce the best results.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A. People who have high blood pressure are usually advised by their physicians to make changes in diet that have been found in many cases to reduce the severity of the condition.
B. The participants in the study were selected in part on the basis of their willingness to use meditation techniques.
C. Meditation techniques can reduce the blood pressure of people who do not suffer from high blood pressure.
D. Some of the participants in the study whose high blood pressure was controlled through meditation techniques were physicians.
E. Many people with dangerously high blood pressure are unaware of their condition.

The conclusion states that since people who choose meditation are less likely to abandon it, meditation is the one likely to produce better results.

I wanted to ask you about other potential weakeners:

1) Meditation takes more than 10 years to show results , but most people who practice meditation are unlikely to continue for so long.

2)The people who discontinued their medication treatment did so because they were relieved of their symptoms.

3) The recommended duration for meditation is 10 years,almost twice as long as that of medications.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Zarrolou on 21 Jul 2013, 21:58, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic.
If you have any questions
you can ask an expert
New!
VP
Status: Far, far away!
Joined: 02 Sep 2012
Posts: 1123
Location: Italy
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.8
Followers: 180

Kudos [?]: 1914 [1] , given: 219

Re: A study of high blood pressure treatments found that [#permalink]

Show Tags

21 Jul 2013, 22:24
1
This post received
KUDOS
First as you say: "The conclusion states that since people who choose meditation are less likely to abandon it, meditation is the one likely to produce better results."

The correct answer
B. The participants in the study were selected in part on the basis of their willingness to use meditation techniques.
shows that the data on which the conclusion is based on is not reliable, so the whole conclusion is weakened.

12bhang wrote:
The conclusion states that since people who choose meditation are less likely to abandon it, meditation is the one likely to produce better results.

I wanted to ask you about other potential weakeners:

1) Meditation takes more than 10 years to show results , but most people who practice meditation are unlikely to continue for so long.

2)The people who discontinued their medication treatment did so because they were relieved of their symptoms.

3) The recommended duration for meditation is 10 years,almost twice as long as that of medications.

1)"Meditation takes more than 10 years to show results" => so the 5 year comparison is not relevant in terms of results. (the mediation will have none)
"but most people who practice meditation are unlikely to continue for so long."=> my main concern here is the wording. The passage talks about clear percentages (50% and 80%), if "most people" were replaced with a percentage, and "likely" were removed, then this could be a weakener.

2)Not a good weakener. We do not know weather blood pressure disappears if the symptoms are gone, or remains nonetheless.

3)The "recommended duration" of the treatment is not relevant. We cannot infer something like "recommended duration"==>"duration necessary to see benefits".
_________________

It is beyond a doubt that all our knowledge that begins with experience.

Kant , Critique of Pure Reason

Tips and tricks: Inequalities , Mixture | Review: MGMAT workshop
Strategy: SmartGMAT v1.0 | Questions: Verbal challenge SC I-II- CR New SC set out !! , My Quant

Rules for Posting in the Verbal Forum - Rules for Posting in the Quant Forum[/size][/color][/b]

Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 15 Jun 2012
Posts: 1153
Location: United States
Followers: 252

Kudos [?]: 2801 [1] , given: 123

Re: A study of high blood pressure treatments found that [#permalink]

Show Tags

21 Jul 2013, 23:05
1
This post received
KUDOS
12bhang wrote:
A study of high blood pressure treatments found that certain meditation techniques and the most commonly prescribed drugs are equally effective if the selected treatment is followed as directed over the long term. Half the patients given drugs soon stop taking them regularly, whereas eighty percent of the study's participants who were taught meditation techniques were still regularly using them five years later. Therefore, the meditation treatment is the one likely to produce the best results.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A. People who have high blood pressure are usually advised by their physicians to make changes in diet that have been found in many cases to reduce the severity of the condition.
B. The participants in the study were selected in part on the basis of their willingness to use meditation techniques.
C. Meditation techniques can reduce the blood pressure of people who do not suffer from high blood pressure.
D. Some of the participants in the study whose high blood pressure was controlled through meditation techniques were physicians.
E. Many people with dangerously high blood pressure are unaware of their condition.

The conclusion states that since people who choose meditation are less likely to abandon it, meditation is the one likely to produce better results.

I wanted to ask you about other potential weakeners:

1) Meditation takes more than 10 years to show results , but most people who practice meditation are unlikely to continue for so long.

2)The people who discontinued their medication treatment did so because they were relieved of their symptoms.

3) The recommended duration for meditation is 10 years,almost twice as long as that of medications.

Hi 12bhang

Thanks for raising good questions!

In order to "evaluate" your potential options, let analyze the original stimulus first:

ANALYZE THE STIMULUS:

Fact: meditation techniques and the most commonly prescribed drugs are equally effective to treat high blood pressure if the selected treatment is followed as directed over the long term.
Fact: Half the patients given drugs soon stop taking them regularly, whereas eighty percent of the study's participants who were taught meditation techniques were still regularly using them five years later.
Conclusion: The meditation treatment is the one likely to produce the best results.

Assumption: The more people use the selected treatment for long term, the better results the selected treatment produces.

To weaken the conclusion, you need to show that more people use meditation for long time is not because the treatment produces better results. (probably, because people like using it, or are willing to follow....)

YOUR POTENTIAL OPTIONS:

1) Meditation takes more than 10 years to show results , but most people who practice meditation are unlikely to continue for so long.
This options wants to say almost people cannot follow the meditation techniques until it shows results. Does it weaken the conclusion?
- In order to weaken the conclusion, you should demonstrate "more people following the treatment does not mean the treatment is the best". However, this option just shows that almost people cannot follow the treatment. The "good" weakener is the one which still sticks to the stimulus (people are able to follow the treatment for long term - the first sentence clearly says "a study found that....") and show the weakness of the conclusion. This option, however, says "people cannot follow.." ==> It violates the stimulus. So I would say this option is not a weakener per GMAT standards.
- In addition, GMAT hardly considers an extreme option (option with most, almost, all, every...) a correct answer.

2)The people who discontinued their medication treatment did so because they were relieved of their symptoms.
Does not help to weaken the conclusion, because it's out scope. The fact that "people discontinued their meditation because they were relieved.." does not attack the conclusion at all.

3) The recommended duration for meditation is 10 years, almost twice as long as that of medications.
This option is also not a weakener. This option does not attack the point "The more people use the selected treatment for long term, the selected treatment is the best". It just says how long each treatment will take. what if meditation is "really" good, so a lot of people will follow it for 10 years. Otherwise, drugs even take half time, but produce worst result, so a lot of people discontinue using them. ==> If that's the case (meditation is actually better than drugs), (3) cannot be a weakener.

Hope it helps.
_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 1995
Followers: 2055

Kudos [?]: 6993 [6] , given: 262

Re: A study of high blood pressure treatments found that [#permalink]

Show Tags

22 Jul 2013, 02:44
6
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
12bhang wrote:
A study of high blood pressure treatments found that certain meditation techniques and the most commonly prescribed drugs are equally effective if the selected treatment is followed as directed over the long term. Half the patients given drugs soon stop taking them regularly, whereas eighty percent of the study's participants who were taught meditation techniques were still regularly using them five years later. Therefore, the meditation treatment is the one likely to produce the best results.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A. People who have high blood pressure are usually advised by their physicians to make changes in diet that have been found in many cases to reduce the severity of the condition.
B. The participants in the study were selected in part on the basis of their willingness to use meditation techniques.
C. Meditation techniques can reduce the blood pressure of people who do not suffer from high blood pressure.
D. Some of the participants in the study whose high blood pressure was controlled through meditation techniques were physicians.
E. Many people with dangerously high blood pressure are unaware of their condition.

The conclusion states that since people who choose meditation are less likely to abandon it, meditation is the one likely to produce better results.

I wanted to ask you about other potential weakeners:

1) Meditation takes more than 10 years to show results , but most people who practice meditation are unlikely to continue for so long.

2)The people who discontinued their medication treatment did so because they were relieved of their symptoms.

3) The recommended duration for meditation is 10 years,almost twice as long as that of medications.

Good inputs from the community members so far. Let me add my two cents.

First of all, we need to understand what a weakener can or cannot attack. A weakener cannot attack the information given i.e. premises. So, if it is given that the study found that both drugs and meditations techniques are equally effective when followed over the long run, we cannot say directly "No. They are not equally effective when followed over the long run". However, what we can do is that we can list a flaw in the methodology of the research in finding the effectiveness of drugs and meditation techniques.

Similarly, if it is given that the study found x% people kept using drugs and y% kept using meditation techniques, we cannot say "No. less than x% used drugs OR less than y% used meditations techniques". However again, what we can do is find a flaw in the methodology used to arrive at the numbers or as this question does - make the numbers irrelevant by suggesting that the initial sample for the study was not representative.

Now, coming back to the weakeners suggested:

1. Meditation takes more than 10 years to show results , but most people who practice meditation are unlikely to continue for so long. - This is not a weakener. The conclusion is comparison between drugs and meditation techniques - who is the best one out there? (Remember, the conclusion is finding out the best between the two; not finding the one that cures. May be none of them cures completely). This option statement only talks about meditation techniques and suggest that they cannot cure. However, what about drugs? Can they cure? More importantly, can drugs cure better than meditation techniques? This statement does not suggest anything in this regard.

2. The people who discontinued their medication treatment did so because they were relieved of their symptoms - Not a weakener. We are given that both drugs and meditation techniques are equally effective. This presents information that goes against the information given.

3. The recommended duration for meditation is 10 years,almost twice as long as that of medications - Not a weakener. Goes against the passage. The passage does not differentiate between the duration of drugs and of meditation techniques.

Hope this helps

Thanks,
Chiranjeve
_________________

| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10444
Followers: 886

Kudos [?]: 191 [0], given: 0

Re: A study of high blood pressure treatments found that [#permalink]

Show Tags

28 Jul 2014, 21:44
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Senior Manager
Joined: 10 Mar 2013
Posts: 290
GMAT 1: 620 Q44 V31
GMAT 2: 690 Q47 V37
GMAT 3: 610 Q47 V28
GMAT 4: 700 Q50 V34
GMAT 5: 700 Q49 V36
GMAT 6: 690 Q48 V35
GMAT 7: 750 Q49 V42
GMAT 8: 730 Q50 V39
Followers: 9

Kudos [?]: 97 [0], given: 2405

Re: A study of high blood pressure treatments found that [#permalink]

Show Tags

22 Aug 2014, 04:51
For those that care about the source of questions, this is a GMATPrep question.
Senior Manager
Joined: 15 Aug 2013
Posts: 328
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 52 [0], given: 23

Re: A study of high blood pressure treatments found that [#permalink]

Show Tags

18 Dec 2014, 17:14
egmat wrote:
12bhang wrote:
A study of high blood pressure treatments found that certain meditation techniques and the most commonly prescribed drugs are equally effective if the selected treatment is followed as directed over the long term. Half the patients given drugs soon stop taking them regularly, whereas eighty percent of the study's participants who were taught meditation techniques were still regularly using them five years later. Therefore, the meditation treatment is the one likely to produce the best results.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A. People who have high blood pressure are usually advised by their physicians to make changes in diet that have been found in many cases to reduce the severity of the condition.
B. The participants in the study were selected in part on the basis of their willingness to use meditation techniques.
C. Meditation techniques can reduce the blood pressure of people who do not suffer from high blood pressure.
D. Some of the participants in the study whose high blood pressure was controlled through meditation techniques were physicians.
E. Many people with dangerously high blood pressure are unaware of their condition.

The conclusion states that since people who choose meditation are less likely to abandon it, meditation is the one likely to produce better results.

I wanted to ask you about other potential weakeners:

1) Meditation takes more than 10 years to show results , but most people who practice meditation are unlikely to continue for so long.

2)The people who discontinued their medication treatment did so because they were relieved of their symptoms.

3) The recommended duration for meditation is 10 years,almost twice as long as that of medications.

Good inputs from the community members so far. Let me add my two cents.

First of all, we need to understand what a weakener can or cannot attack. A weakener cannot attack the information given i.e. premises. So, if it is given that the study found that both drugs and meditations techniques are equally effective when followed over the long run, we cannot say directly "No. They are not equally effective when followed over the long run". However, what we can do is that we can list a flaw in the methodology of the research in finding the effectiveness of drugs and meditation techniques.

Similarly, if it is given that the study found x% people kept using drugs and y% kept using meditation techniques, we cannot say "No. less than x% used drugs OR less than y% used meditations techniques". However again, what we can do is find a flaw in the methodology used to arrive at the numbers or as this question does - make the numbers irrelevant by suggesting that the initial sample for the study was not representative.

Now, coming back to the weakeners suggested:

1. Meditation takes more than 10 years to show results , but most people who practice meditation are unlikely to continue for so long. - This is not a weakener. The conclusion is comparison between drugs and meditation techniques - who is the best one out there? (Remember, the conclusion is finding out the best between the two; not finding the one that cures. May be none of them cures completely). This option statement only talks about meditation techniques and suggest that they cannot cure. However, what about drugs? Can they cure? More importantly, can drugs cure better than meditation techniques? This statement does not suggest anything in this regard.

2. The people who discontinued their medication treatment did so because they were relieved of their symptoms - Not a weakener. We are given that both drugs and meditation techniques are equally effective. This presents information that goes against the information given.

3. The recommended duration for meditation is 10 years,almost twice as long as that of medications - Not a weakener. Goes against the passage. The passage does not differentiate between the duration of drugs and of meditation techniques.

Hope this helps

Thanks,
Chiranjeve

Hi,

This is still a little confusing.

I chose A because of the following reasons:

- Argument states that meditation is the one to produce the best results.

Option A states that "diet works to reduce the severity, in turn, affecting the "results"" -- why is that not enough to weaken it?

I can see that B weakens it too but I feel like both of these statements weaken -- one add's another treatment and another creates a flaw in the current reasoning. Aren't they both weakeners?
Manager
Joined: 04 Jan 2014
Posts: 103
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 29 [0], given: 20

A study of high blood pressure treatments found that [#permalink]

Show Tags

18 Dec 2014, 20:40
Even I felt that A is good. But B is better. Because B is a weakener related to meditation(given in premise). But A is introducing new one, diet(say out of scope). That's y I opted B to A.. Its not always the right answer in GMAT. But its always the best one... So if you feel there are two or more right answers, choose the best among them..
Manager
Joined: 24 Nov 2013
Posts: 60
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 115

A study of high blood pressure treatments found that [#permalink]

Show Tags

05 Sep 2015, 23:02
russ9 wrote:

Hi,

This is still a little confusing.

I chose A because of the following reasons:

- Argument states that meditation is the one to produce the best results.

Option A states that "diet works to reduce the severity, in turn, affecting the "results"" -- why is that not enough to weaken it?

I can see that B weakens it too but I feel like both of these statements weaken -- one add's another treatment and another creates a flaw in the current reasoning. Aren't they both weakeners?

I eliminated A with this reasoning -
Diet reduces the severity of the condition.. hypothetically, may be from 9 to 8 or 8.5 (on a scale of 10). we do not have this info.
so meditation treatment might still produce the best results. Hence A does not weaken the conclusion.
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10444
Followers: 886

Kudos [?]: 191 [0], given: 0

Re: A study of high blood pressure treatments found that [#permalink]

Show Tags

01 Oct 2016, 20:03
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: A study of high blood pressure treatments found that   [#permalink] 01 Oct 2016, 20:03
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
1 A researcher studying corporate executives found that they 5 28 Apr 2012, 20:09
Alcohol consumption has been clearly linked to high blood 6 19 Jul 2011, 23:01
16 A certain drug, when taken by patients with high blood 17 26 Jun 2010, 02:34
A recent study found that snoring, though not common in 12 10 Oct 2007, 08:42
A study found that students in charter schools, schools that 12 11 Aug 2007, 12:15
Display posts from previous: Sort by

A study of high blood pressure treatments found that

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.