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A survey of charitable giving in the state found that the

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A survey of charitable giving in the state found that the [#permalink] New post 01 Jun 2013, 13:02
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A
B
C
D
E

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55% (02:31) correct 45% (01:38) wrong based on 242 sessions
A survey of charitable giving in the state found that the average dollar amount contributed annually by residents of urban areas to programs for the homeless was $15 greater than the amount contributed by residents of rural areas. The survey’s creators, an urban-promotion group known as Live in the City, concluded that city dwellers are on average more generous than residents of rural areas.

EACH of the following, if true, casts doubt on the conclusion of the survey’s creators EXCEPT

A)An unrelated survey of annual charitable giving finds that residents of rural areas give 3% less to charity than residents of urban areas.
B)There are more homeless people in urban areas than rural areas, making it more likely that urban residents would contribute to those charities.
C)There are more charities in general operating in urban areas than in rural areas.
D)The survey is calculated based on dollar amount rather than percentage of income, and does not account for the fact that incomes in urban areas are often higher.
E)The group Live in the City has been known to alter survey results for marketing purposes.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by guerrero25 on 01 Jun 2013, 21:05, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A survey of charitable giving in the state found that the [#permalink] New post 01 Jun 2013, 13:49
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Re: A survey of charitable giving in the state found that the [#permalink] New post 01 Jun 2013, 16:01
My choice is C.

We are looking for the odd one out, C talks about the number of charities, which has no bearing on whether the conclusion can be flawed. Other choices do.
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Re: A survey of charitable giving in the state found that the [#permalink] New post 01 Jun 2013, 16:14
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My take here is A:

A)An unrelated survey of annual charitable giving finds that residents of rural areas give 3% less to charity than residents of urban areas.
This supports the conclusion, which states that urban dwellers are more generous. Even if in this particular case urban dwellers donated more, this additional info supports the hypotesis that urban residents are in fact more generous.
B)There are more homeless people in urban areas than rural areas, making it more likely that urban residents would contribute to those charities.
Since the program in the passage is about homeless people, urban residents are more likely to donate to that cause. But we cannot generalize saying that they are more generous in general. This weakens the conclusion.
C)There are more charities in general operating in urban areas than in rural areas.
This could translate in more opportunities to donate, and in this case urban dwellers could donate more not because they are generous, but because they have more possibilities to do so.
I saw a lot of Cs before my post, and here is why I think is not correct:
I go out every day with 5$, willing to donate them. If I live in the city, I can find more charities and I can donate them easily; but if I live in a rural area I cannot (take the case in which there is only one charity organization). Does this mean that I am less generous if I live in the rural area? I don't think so...
This is why IMO C casts doubts on the conclusion.
D)The survey is calculated based on dollar amount rather than percentage of income, and does not account for the fact that incomes in urban areas are often higher.
The first part (before the comma) points out that the dollar amount is not a good estimator of the generosity compared to a percentage indicator.
The second part gives credit to the fact that, because incomes in the urban area are higher, the "15 $ difference" should not transalate into more generosity.
E)The group Live in the City has been known to alter survey results for marketing purposes.
Since the group is an "urban-promotion group" it could alter the results in favor of the city.
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Re: A survey of charitable giving in the state found that the [#permalink] New post 01 Jun 2013, 16:17
carcass wrote:
The answer should be C

Each choice is related to the amount of donations or the survey carried out.

C instead talk of number of charities in an area


Carcass,
On reading ur response the first thought that comes to my mind is 'so what?'
Can u explain in more details?
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Re: A survey of charitable giving in the state found that the [#permalink] New post 05 Jun 2013, 11:47
A is the answer IMO, here question is to strengthen the conclusion

C--> more charities does not imply greater value of contribution in fact the average $ value may also reduce.
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Re: A survey of charitable giving in the state found that the [#permalink] New post 20 Jul 2014, 06:59
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Re: A survey of charitable giving in the state found that the [#permalink] New post 11 Aug 2014, 07:53
A actually negates, but C looks like it's irrelevant.
Can anyone weigh in?
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A survey of charitable giving in the state found that the [#permalink] New post 11 Aug 2014, 13:51
C should not be correct.

Basically Live In The City attributes "more donation in urban" to "urban people are more generous", yet C suggests that "more donation in urban" could be caused by another fact that " it is easier for urban people to make donation due to more charity opportunities". Therefore, C weakens.

carcass wrote:
The answer should be C

Each choice is related to the amount of donations or the survey carried out.

C instead talk of number of charities in an area
A survey of charitable giving in the state found that the   [#permalink] 11 Aug 2014, 13:51
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