A system-wide county school anti-smoking education program : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# A system-wide county school anti-smoking education program

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A system-wide county school anti-smoking education program [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2005, 04:40
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A system-wide county school anti-smoking education program was instituted last year. The program was clearly a success. Last year, the incidence of students smoking on school premises decreased by over 70 percent.

Which of the following assumptions underlies the argument in the passage?

(A) Cigarettes are detrimental to one's health; once people understand this, they will quit smoking.
(B) The doubling of the price of a pack of cigarettes last year was not the only cause of the students' altered smoking habits.
(C) The teachers chosen to lead the anti smoking education program were the most effective teachers in the school system.
(D) The number of cigarettes smoked each day by those students who continued to smoke last year did not greatly increase.
(E) School policy enforcers were less vigilant in seeking out smokers last year than they were in previous years.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the argument in the passage?

(A) The author of this statement is a school system official hoping to generate good publicity for the anti-smoking program.
(B) Most students who smoke stopped smoking on school premises last year but continued to smoke when away from school.
(C) Last year, another policy change made it much easier for students to leave and return to school grounds during the school day.
(D) The school system spent more on anti-smoking education programs last year than it did in all previous years.
(E) The amount of time students spent in anti-smoking education programs last year resulted in a reduction of in-class hours devoted to academic subjects.
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16 Sep 2005, 05:31
My vote is for A and B. Reasons are as follows:

The first question asks for an assumption. If we assume that the anti-smoking program educated students on the consequences of smoking, and that students quit because they now understand its effects, then the conclusion is clearly drawn - smoking at school decreased. None of the other choices, if added to the argument, then taken away, will cause the argument to fall apart.

For the second question, we are looking for an option that weakens the argument: that it is because of the anti-smoking program that students quit smoking. B states that though students were not smoking at school, they were still smoking outside of school. Therefore, the amount students were smoking remained the same. They were just smoking elsewhere, hence, the program didn't do diddly-squat.
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16 Sep 2005, 09:18
trulyblessed wrote:
My vote is for A and B. Reasons are as follows:

The first question asks for an assumption. If we assume that the anti-smoking program educated students on the consequences of smoking, and that students quit because they now understand its effects, then the conclusion is clearly drawn - smoking at school decreased. None of the other choices, if added to the argument, then taken away, will cause the argument to fall apart.

For the second question, we are looking for an option that weakens the argument: that it is because of the anti-smoking program that students quit smoking. B states that though students were not smoking at school, they were still smoking outside of school. Therefore, the amount students were smoking remained the same. They were just smoking elsewhere, hence, the program didn't do diddly-squat.

A and B for the exact same reasons. Great explanations, TB.
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16 Sep 2005, 09:26
Agree. A, B should be the answer choice for the questions.
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16 Sep 2005, 10:04
tied up between A and B for the first question. Hmmm..had I got his on the G-day, I would have marked B....
and as far as second question is concerned, I would go for B.

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16 Sep 2005, 11:51
A and B for me!
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16 Sep 2005, 12:11
1) B
2) C

For 1st
I think for 1st, A is too general...
Negate B and the argument falls apart...

For 2nd

I think B strengths the argument. B says, students stopped smoking on SCHOOL premise, which is what B says, that they infact did...

C says, another policy was instituted that let them go free, in which time they probebly smoked...
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16 Sep 2005, 17:58
My vote is for B and C!

B coz a sounds too generic and wordly!

C coz, B seems to reiterate the conclusion. The conclusion does not talk about a decrease in smoking overall. It says decrease in on-campus smoking. So what students do off-campus is irrelevant!
But C talks about another rule that allows students to go out and come back during school hours! This means that students can go out for a smoke, thereby decreasing smoking ON-Campus!
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17 Sep 2005, 12:23
B n C.

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18 Sep 2005, 11:49
B B
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18 Sep 2005, 11:56
My vote is for B and B.
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18 Sep 2005, 13:51
IMO B, B
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18 Sep 2005, 21:14
I chose A, B.

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19 Sep 2005, 12:22
Sorry for the delay guys.

The OAs are B and C. I'll post explanations later
19 Sep 2005, 12:22
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