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A university should not be entitled to patent the inventions [#permalink]
24 Jul 2010, 03:49
25% (01:01) correct
75% (01:50) wrong based on 8 sessions
A university should not be entitled to patent the inventions of its faculty members. Universities, as guarantors of intellectual freedom, should encourage the free flow of ideas and the general dissemination of knowledge. Yet a university that retains the right to patent the inventions of its faculty members has a motive to suppress information about a potentially valuable discovery until the patent for it has been secured. Clearly, suppressing information concerning such discoveries is incompatible with the university’s obligation to promote the free flow of ideas. 19. Which one of the following is an assumption that the argument makes? (A) Universities are the only institutions that have an obligation to guarantee intellectual freedom. (B) Most inventions by university faculty members would be profitable if patented. (C) Publication of reports on research is the only practical way to disseminate information concerning new discoveries. (D) Universities that have a motive to suppress information concerning discoveries by their faculty members will occasionally act on that motive. (E) If the inventions of a university faculty member are not patented by that university, then they will be patented by the faculty member instead. 20. The claim that a university should not be entitled to patent the inventions of its faculty members plays which one of the following roles in the argument? (A) It is the conclusion of the argument. (B) It is a principle from which the conclusion is derived. (C) It is an explicit assumption. (D) It is additional but nonessential information in support of one of the premises. (E) It is a claim that must be demonstrated to be false in order to establish the conclusion.