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A year advantage in a new computer product or process being

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Re: SC: company [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2009, 10:44
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Hi all,
The question tests the usage of "gerunds vs infinitives"
The following rules should always be remembered:

Gerunds - often used when actions are real, concrete or completed:
Ex-I stopped smoking. (The smoking was real and happened until I stopped.)
Infinitives - often used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future:
Ex-I stopped to smoke.(I was doing something else, and I stopped; the smoking had not happened yet.)

One can easily eliminate the choices and end up choosing b/w B and D.
Now look at the two sentences and the clause which is not underlined
b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier

can give a company a significant edge on its competitors

The non-underlined part of the sentence(look at the word "can give") clearly tells that the "introduction of products a year earlier" is neither real, concrete or completed.

Hence we will choose infinitive instead of gerund and hence choice D is better.
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Re: SC: company [#permalink] New post 24 Mar 2009, 05:32
If the question didnt contain "can", then is gerund right choice?

jainu wrote:
Hi all,
The question tests the usage of "gerunds vs infinitives"
The following rules should always be remembered:

Gerunds - often used when actions are real, concrete or completed:
Ex-I stopped smoking. (The smoking was real and happened until I stopped.)
Infinitives - often used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future:
Ex-I stopped to smoke.(I was doing something else, and I stopped; the smoking had not happened yet.)

One can easily eliminate the choices and end up choosing b/w B and D.
Now look at the two sentences and the clause which is not underlined
b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier

can give a company a significant edge on its competitors

The non-underlined part of the sentence(look at the word "can give") clearly tells that the "introduction of products a year earlier" is neither real, concrete or completed.

Hence we will choose infinitive instead of gerund and hence choice D is better.
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Re: SC: company [#permalink] New post 24 Mar 2009, 08:14
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Yes. For ex, say the above sentence is changed to...

It is a fact that a year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced gives a company a significant edge on its competitors.
In this case following make more sense:
It is a fact that introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier gives a company a significant edge on its competitors.

I guess this version has no other errors. But the point is that "real fact" means use gerunds.....
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A year advantage in a new computer product or process being [#permalink] New post 21 May 2009, 20:33
A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.
a...
b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
c. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier
e. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process
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Re: Brutal SC - 32 [#permalink] New post 21 May 2009, 21:16
tenaman10 wrote:
A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.
a...
b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
c. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier
e. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process


I think Jainu has the best explaination in the planet. Take the reference!

sc-company-76912.html#p579373

jainu wrote:
Hi all,
The question tests the usage of "gerunds vs infinitives"
The following rules should always be remembered:

Gerunds - often used when actions are real, concrete or completed:
Ex-I stopped smoking. (The smoking was real and happened until I stopped.)
Infinitives - often used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future:
Ex-I stopped to smoke.(I was doing something else, and I stopped; the smoking had not happened yet.)

One can easily eliminate the choices and end up choosing b/w B and D.
Now look at the two sentences and the clause which is not underlined
b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier
can give a company a significant edge on its competitors

The non-underlined part of the sentence(look at the word "can give") clearly tells that the "introduction of products a year earlier" is neither real, concrete or completed.

Hence we will choose infinitive instead of gerund and hence choice D is better.
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Re: Brutal SC - 32 [#permalink] New post 22 May 2009, 18:04
Sorry I am not convinced - I think it is E. Is OA:D?
What is the source?
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Re: Brutal SC - 32 [#permalink] New post 23 May 2009, 10:49
I wouldn't learn from this question unless there is a similar one from official source.
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32)A year advantage in a new computer product or process [#permalink] New post 22 Aug 2009, 00:36
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32)A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.

A. A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced
B. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
C. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
D. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier
E. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process

What is your take on it? OA is given D.

Reasoning people used is "infinitives" vs "gerunds"

Quote:
Both Gerunds and Infinitives can be used as the subject of a sentence. How to choose between them :

gerunds - often used when actions are real, concrete or completed
Infinitive - Actions that are unreal, abstract and future.


But Manhattan GMAT staff said both B and D is wrong and E is the best among the options; He also suggested that this can't be official question.

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/com ... t7284.html
In the link you will not find the question, but this is the same question as I reached there by googling with the same phrase of the question.

I need clarification on the gerund vs infinitive. Is it always the case with them as suggested in the quotes?
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Re: Brutal SC#32 [#permalink] New post 22 Aug 2009, 01:17
Gerunds are used when the action performed is real
Infinitives are used when the action is fictional or will occur in future.

Also infinitives are used to denote purpose.

Here, in B and D, IMO by a year is incorrect.

Introducing X a year earlier
To introduce X a year earlier .... are better constructions than "by a year earlier"

D is preferable because as the action is unreal infinitive will be required.

At the same time E is better than D even though E contains being :)
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Re: Brutal SC#32 [#permalink] New post 30 Oct 2009, 16:03
Expert's post
A - "A year advantage" is vague. Also, the phrases before and after "or" are not parallel.
B - "Introducing" is not the best word to use here. "To introduce" sounds better.
C - "A year's advantage" is illogical. A year cannot have an advantage.
D - Correct.
E - Be careful when "being" appears. Maybe too many -ing words in phrase.

I'm still not quite sure why option E is incorrect. "Being" is usually a warning sign, but the word is not wrong all of the time. Perhaps there are parallelism issues with E as well.
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Re: tricky SC [#permalink] New post 08 Nov 2009, 14:57
gmataspirant2009 wrote:
+1 for C


This is called spam. Just making 200 posts to get the free questions. You could have posted meaningful posts Sir

I think GMATclub should take actions against such freeloaders and spammers

Sorry this had to come but was out of topic
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Re: Brutal SC#32 [#permalink] New post 09 Jan 2010, 08:48
U should avoid Being in the GMAT right?
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Re: Brutal SC#32 [#permalink] New post 11 Jan 2010, 16:39
I am still confused why B is incorrect.
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Re: Brutal SC#32 [#permalink] New post 12 Jan 2010, 10:37
"by a year earlier" is confusing. Eliminate B and D. I agree with Manhattan GMAT source. IMO, the best answer is E.
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Re: Brutal SC#32 [#permalink] New post 24 Jan 2010, 14:00
I choose D over B... as Infinitives are used if the situation is hypothetical... and in this case, the question says CAN give significant....... hence I would go with To introduce...
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Re: SC: company [#permalink] New post 12 Apr 2010, 06:53
I do not agree with OA? What is the source of the question?
OA should not be D, but B

In GMAT OG 12 th edition: Verbal Review 2nd edition, there is similar question #27 in sentence correction.
Over there the OA is gerund rather infinitive. It says we do not use infinitive because gerund expresses the means to achieve something, and infinitive expresses the objective. Check the explanation over there, and let me know what u guys think.
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Re: SC: company [#permalink] New post 12 Apr 2010, 08:31
I chose D over B because To introduce should be parallel with to process.

To introduce a new computer product or to (omitted) process a new computer product

Any comments?

But after reading the posts I have a question, is it:
To introduce a new ( computer product ) or ( process...)

or

(To introduce a new computer product )or (to (omitted) process a new computer product)
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Re: SC: company [#permalink] New post 12 Apr 2010, 08:42
Well, clearly the fight is between B and D.
I choose D over B because of the rules of Gerund.

As you guys know, gerunds are the verb form with -ing acting as noun. Clearly, even though introducing is not a gerund though an attempt was made.

Hence, D.
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Re: SC: company [#permalink] New post 12 Apr 2010, 11:21
I would recommend first to check the OG question I mentioned in my previous post, and please let me know what you think.
Infinitive should not be OA
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Re: SC: company [#permalink] New post 12 Apr 2010, 17:28
Why not E? Can someone please explain?
Re: SC: company   [#permalink] 12 Apr 2010, 17:28
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