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# A year advantage in a new computer product or process being

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Re: SC: company [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2010, 20:04
i chose D
it is very clear in D To introduce is show possibility and parallel with can give
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Re: SC: company [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2010, 02:59
Nice explanation for the answer. I choose 'D' before i saw explanation. Reason for my selection is that somewhere I read that when you are stuck between 'to' form and 'being' form then always choose the former.

Even my instructor advised me to avoid 'being' format in SC and AWA.
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Re: SC: company [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2010, 02:03
Can someone explain why it's not C?
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Re: SC: company [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2010, 09:12
I am sorry to differ with you in second statement. As per Ron (From Manhattan) 'Fact + VERBing' is always wrong.
jainu wrote:
Yes. For ex, say the above sentence is changed to...

It is a fact that a year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced gives a company a significant edge on its competitors.
In this case following make more sense:
It is a fact that introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier gives a company a significant edge on its competitors.

I guess this version has no other errors. But the point is that "real fact" means use gerunds.....
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Re: SC: company [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2010, 04:17
mirzohidjon wrote:
I do not agree with OA? What is the source of the question?
OA should not be D, but B

In GMAT OG 12 th edition: Verbal Review 2nd edition, there is similar question #27 in sentence correction.
Over there the OA is gerund rather infinitive. It says we do not use infinitive because gerund expresses the means to achieve something, and infinitive expresses the objective. Check the explanation over there, and let me know what u guys think.

Very close fight between 'B' and 'D' after reading verbal rev 27 q. it seem option 'B' should be correct, but there was other reason to pick gerund over infinitive and that was parallelism.

I haven't read any rule whom to chose between infinitive and gerund. both act as noun-verb and interchangable. 'Teach me to swim' Teach me swimming' both are right.

now, when we think parallelism 'd' wins but as VR 2nd edition, 'B' takes over 'D'.

as a gut feeling I wud still go for 'D' here..

wud be great if an expert cud give his opinion.. anyone??
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Re: Brutal SC#32 [#permalink]

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20 May 2010, 20:39
"by a year earlier" sounds really awkward. And it doesn't imply whether you introduce the product in the market a year earlier than your competitors or you introduce a year earlier than planned..
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Re: SC: company [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2011, 05:05
Hi:
Sorry I still don;t get it. Let me try with an example:

Smoking can give you cancer.
To smoke can give you cancer.

Which one is correct? I think the 1st one...lets try to write the same sentence another way:

You can get cancer from/by smoking.
you can get cancer from/by 'to smoke'.

Somehow infinitive doesn't make any sense. In this example 'introducing' is used as a noun and the meaning is very clear - something can give you an edge.

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Re: Brutal SC#32 [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2011, 08:43
I agree with calvinhobbes.. Considering it I am not sure what correct answer is. Logic in some of the sentences seems to be clear for me in GMAT. The answer requires the sentence to mean that the product has to come out a year earlier than the competitor's product. But "A year earlier" can refer both to internal deadline or the competitor's deadline.
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A year advantage in a new computer product or process being [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2012, 15:38
A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.
a...
b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
c. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier
e. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process

I initially picked b, but OA wasn't b.
I got why OA is correct, but I didn't get what's wrong with b/
I looked up former postings to see explaination, and I've got two possible explaination why b is not correct.

1. "than" should be followed by earlier in b because sth with er has to have "than."

2. "by a year earlier" sounds bad.

Which one is the better reason that b is not correct?
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Re: PT #2 SC9 A year advantage in a new computer product or proc [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2012, 15:52
There is a rule of thumb in these cases.

When you have to decide between to+verb or v-ing. Choose the infinitive.
The GMAT doesn't like the V-ing forms.

Hope it helps.
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Re: A year advantage in a new computer product or process being [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2012, 05:41
ritula wrote:
A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.

(A) A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced
(B) Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
(C) A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
(D) To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier
(E) Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
D

___________ can give something.....

A: a year advantage? does not sound correct...
B: CORRECT because it talks about doing something which can give the company an advantage..
C: A year's advantage: clearly wrong
D: TO introduce something can give advantage... here they "to introduce" gives advantage... so it is not talking about the PRODUCTs, hence wrong
E: Being ...generally considered wrong.
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Re: A year advantage in a new computer product or process being [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2012, 19:22
I am surprised nobody looked at the non-underlined portion of the sentence. The verb after the underlined portion is can.
Can refers to possibility? Not a real situation. Can demands a inifinitive.
If we used a gerunds, such as introducing X should take WILL and not CAN.

Correct me if I am wrong.
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Re: A year advantage in a new computer product or process being [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2012, 20:27
First of all, look at this: "EATING an apple CAN GIVE you good health". It is the action and not just the intent, that can give good health. Similarly, the intent to introduce a product earlier cannot give the company a competitive advantage. The company wouldnt realize any advantage unless it actually launches the product earlier.

mirzohidjon: I agree with you that TO USE infinitive IS TO mention the intent and not the action in this case. (see the intent of using an infinitive )
Ekin4112: Where is the "to process" you are referring to make the "to introduce" parallel?

Please mention the source of this question. I read "GMAT Ninja's" blog some time ago where he mentioned that it is EXTREMELY difficult to draft a verbal, esp SC, question that can replicate the style of an actual GMAT question released by GMAC. If that is true, i wouldnt really want to bang my head against questions, whose source isn't mentioned. Therefore, when we discuss a question, it is important that we know the source so that we jot down reasons that are correct as per GMAC.

EXPERTS: Please jump in and rid us of our doubts.
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Re: 32)A year advantage in a new computer product or process [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2012, 05:25
"........ can give a company a significant edge on its competitors".
Just ask yourself, what can give a company bla bla...in terms of nouns, infinitive phrase, adjectivial phrase etc.
Answer must be: Someone or something can give a company a significant edge on its competitors. i.e. a noun.
Among all the answer choices we have, only E is a gerund phrase and hence absolutely correct.
Hope that helps.
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A year advantage in a new computer product or process being [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2012, 08:28
32. A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.
a...
b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
c. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier
e. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process

Source: Brutal SC's
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Re: 32)A year advantage in a new computer product or process [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2013, 17:15
Having more than the usual number - Gerund phrase
To have more than the usual number - Infinitive phrase

Both Gerunds and Infinitives can be used as the subject of a sentence.How to choose between them :

Gerunds - Actions that are more real, and completed, factual information etc.
Infinitive - Actions that are unreal, abstract and future.

For example :

Swimming is good for health - correct.
To swim is good for health - incorrect.
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Re: SC- new computer product [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2013, 17:18
stopper5 wrote:
Beyond700 wrote:
r019h wrote:
A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.

A.
B. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
C. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
D. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier
E. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process

Cannot seem to agree with the OA (will post it later). Hence, explanations are most helpful.

Will go for 'B'

I'd go for B too.

What's the OA? Please provide official reason too if possible. Thanks.

B is incorrect as Gerund can only be used for the actions that are real or factual.

See explanation below:

Having more than the usual number - Gerund phrase
To have more than the usual number - Infinitive phrase

Both Gerunds and Infinitives can be used as the subject of a sentence.How to choose between them :

Gerunds - Actions that are more real, and completed, factual information etc.
Infinitive - Actions that are unreal, abstract and future.

For example :

Swimming is good for health - correct.
To swim is good for health - incorrect.
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Re: SC- new computer product [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2013, 18:52
PraPon wrote:

B is incorrect as Gerund can only be used for the actions that are real or factual.

See explanation below:

Having more than the usual number - Gerund phrase
To have more than the usual number - Infinitive phrase

Both Gerunds and Infinitives can be used as the subject of a sentence.How to choose between them :

Gerunds - Actions that are more real, and completed, factual information etc.
Infinitive - Actions that are unreal, abstract and future.

For example :

Swimming is good for health - correct.
To swim is good for health - incorrect.

Thanks PraPon, this is new concept i learnt.
Can u shed more light on this?
Give few more examples.

BTW i opted for B only
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Re: SC- new computer product [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2013, 13:34
Gerunds and infinitives differ in their intended usage. Gerunds are used when we are sure that the referred action is set in stone. The action must have already taken place, or must be concrete or definitive.

The usage of "can give" in the non underlined portion of the sentence suggests that one is not sure that the action is completed or real. Hence, D should be chosen.

Another reason that I prefer D is the usage of "by" in b. Introducing a new product or process a year earlier sounds better to me.

shanmugamgsn wrote:
PraPon wrote:

B is incorrect as Gerund can only be used for the actions that are real or factual.

See explanation below:

Having more than the usual number - Gerund phrase
To have more than the usual number - Infinitive phrase

Both Gerunds and Infinitives can be used as the subject of a sentence.How to choose between them :

Gerunds - Actions that are more real, and completed, factual information etc.
Infinitive - Actions that are unreal, abstract and future.

For example :

Swimming is good for health - correct.
To swim is good for health - incorrect.

Thanks PraPon, this is new concept i learnt.
Can u shed more light on this?
Give few more examples.

BTW i opted for B only
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Re: A year advantage in a new computer product or process being [#permalink]

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19 Apr 2013, 04:27
ritula wrote:
A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.

(A) A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced
(B) Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
(C) A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
(D) To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier
(E) Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
D

I was also confused by B and D. Switching the wording around makes D the clear winner: It can give a company a significant edge on its competitors to introduce a new computer or process by a year earlier. It would be wrong to say "It can give a company a significant edge on its competitors introducing a new computer or process by a year earlier than its competitors" - parallelism and tense issue.
Re: A year advantage in a new computer product or process being   [#permalink] 19 Apr 2013, 04:27

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# A year advantage in a new computer product or process being

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