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A year advantage in a new computer product or process being

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A year advantage in a new computer product or process being [#permalink]

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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

17% (01:48) correct 83% (00:55) wrong based on 3165 sessions

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A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.
a. A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced
b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
c. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier
e. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process

Source: Brutal SCs
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: SC: company [#permalink]

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Hi all,
The question tests the usage of "gerunds vs infinitives"
The following rules should always be remembered:

Gerunds - often used when actions are real, concrete or completed:
Ex-I stopped smoking. (The smoking was real and happened until I stopped.)
Infinitives - often used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future:
Ex-I stopped to smoke.(I was doing something else, and I stopped; the smoking had not happened yet.)

One can easily eliminate the choices and end up choosing b/w B and D.
Now look at the two sentences and the clause which is not underlined
b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier

can give a company a significant edge on its competitors

The non-underlined part of the sentence(look at the word "can give") clearly tells that the "introduction of products a year earlier" is neither real, concrete or completed.

Hence we will choose infinitive instead of gerund and hence choice D is better.
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Re: sc computer advantage [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2003, 01:13
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doloris wrote:
A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introducted can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.
a...
b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
c. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
e. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process
d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier

the answer id d. :stupid

regards


Please use underlines when posting. It takes just one second of your time and makes life easier for everyone. I will no longer comment on SC questions not properly underlined.
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Re: SC: Gerund or Infinitive? [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2008, 21:57
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The answer is : D

I found very useful information at: http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/verbs.htm#infinitive

I hope this helps to resolve your confusion.

I chose B, but the OA is D. Aren't both gerunds and infinitives can be used as subjects anyways? what makes them both different in this question?thanks

Both gerunds and infinitive phrases can function as nouns, in a variety of ways.
More information @ http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/gerunds.htm

Actual and Potential MeaningsAlthough a gerund and an infinitive will often have practically the same meaning ("Running in the park after dark can be dangerous" and "To run in the park after dark can be dangerous"), there can be a difference in meaning. Gerunds are used to describe an "actual, vivid, or fulfilled action" whereas infinitives are better used to describe "potential, hypothetical, or future events" (Frodesen & Eyring 297). This is especially true with three kinds of verbs: verbs of emotion, verbs of completion/incompletion, and verbs of remembering.
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Re: SC: company [#permalink]

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ritula wrote:
A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.
a A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced
b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
c. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier
e. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process


Being is rarely correct on the GMAT, so eliminate E
What gives a company a significant edge? It's not a year's advantage. It is the whole action of introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier. So eliminate A and C.
Now, between B and D. Introducing....can give or To introduce...can give.
Introducing....give is not parallel. So eliminate B.

The correct answer left is D.
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A year advantage in a new computer product or process being [#permalink]

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A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.

a. A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced

b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier

c. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process

d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier

e. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process






I chose B, but the OA is D. Aren't both gerunds and infinitives can be used as subjects anyways? what makes them both different in this question?thanks

Last edited by tarek99 on 21 Jan 2008, 13:10, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: SC: company [#permalink]

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Yes. For ex, say the above sentence is changed to...

It is a fact that a year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced gives a company a significant edge on its competitors.
In this case following make more sense:
It is a fact that introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier gives a company a significant edge on its competitors.

I guess this version has no other errors. But the point is that "real fact" means use gerunds.....
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Re: A year advantage in a new computer product or process being [#permalink]

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Avinashs87 wrote:
doloris wrote:
A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.
a. A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced
b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
c. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier
e. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process

Source: Brutal SCs


I would greatly appreciate some light in this answer . Choice E is a better candidate for an answer than D in my opinion. What do you guys think?


I tend to agree with you. The infinitive "to introduce" conveys a sense of intent that does not match with the verb "can". Moreover by a year earlier is wrong - the correct adverb would be just a year earlier without by). A better option would be Introducing a new computer product or process a year earlier, although this option would require than to complete the comparative adjective earlier.

However in absence of this option, we must select E although GMAT does not seem to prefer the usage of being.
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Re: A year advantage in a new computer product or process being [#permalink]

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Avinashs87 wrote:

Thanks! While I understand GMAT does not preferring, E made much more sense. Thanks for the clarification.


Here is the thing about "being" - it is an absolutely acceptable word in English language so it is odd to think that a particular institute does not favour it!
The reason many sentences with the word "being" are incorrect is that we often use this word incorrectly in our day-to-day language.

For example,

Being a doctor, he is very well respected.

This is incorrect because he is not "being" a doctor; he "is" a doctor.

But there are correct ways of using ‘being’. Since most students believe that ‘being’ is wrong, don’t trust the GMAC to not use this nugget of information to misdirect the test takers. The correct answers of questions at higher ability are worded in such a way that they make the test takers uncomfortable!

So how is ‘being’ used correctly?

‘Being’ is used to express a temporary state.

The little boy started screaming when he saw his dog being impounded.

‘Being impounded’ is a temporary state and would be over – unlike being a doctor. So the use of being is correct here.

In the original question, the company is not "being" a year ahead. It would be a year ahead in introducing and that won't change.

That said, option (D) "by a year earlier" doesn't work either. The SC is certainly from a non standard source and not worth your time and effort.
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Vicky wrote:
Martin & JP
"earlier" should be followed by "than" b'cause its a comparative word (for comparing one thing/people with others). Am i right.. ?
... -Vicks



I'm no expert but I think so yes. Every word that finishes with "..er" must be followed by "than"
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Re: SC - year advantage [#permalink]

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praetorian123 wrote:
A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.
a...
b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
c. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier
e. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process

please try to add some explanations to your answer.

is the usage "year's" ok?

Thanks
praetorian


The answer given is D.

JP already mentioned the problem with D...i agree with him...

To X a year earlier can give...
To X by a year earlier can give....

To take your gmat by a month earlier can give you more time....
To take your gmat a month earlier can give you more time....

Which one do you guys think is better?

The answer should be E...

Comments?

thanks
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Quote:
A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.
a...
b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
c. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier
e. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process



my chioce : B

A,E - incorrect .. avoid "being"

D - to introduce .... can .. not matches .. incorrect.

only B and C are contenders.

but in C "a year's advantage" what is meant by this?. is it meaning introducing the product by a year earlier? not clear in it's meaning.

so B is left which is best choice in this case.

Correct me if i am wrong.

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Good one Praet, straight to the notes.

To v (simple present) .... can v ( simple present)~
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Yes it should be E.
Great work MATT digging out these SC's with some good concepts. 8-)
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buzzgaurav wrote:
Yes it should be E.
Great work MATT digging out these SC's with some good concepts. 8-)


Thanks Buzz. I`ve been wearing the miner`s cap and taking a flashlight deep into the archives over the past few days.. Some good stuff buried in this site :wink:
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A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.

(A) A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced
(B) Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
(C) A year’s advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
(D) Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process
(E) To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier


OA is D.

I selected "B". Could you please explain why D is better than B.
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Re: SC - A year advantage [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2008, 07:59
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Quote:
(B) Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier


This is very awkward. Also, there might be some ambiguity in the word 'earlier'. Earlier than what? I'm not sure about that second part, but from the "by a year" section alone I would select D.
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Re: SC: Gerund or Infinitive? [#permalink]

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"introduce by a year earlier" is incorrect - it should be "introduce a year earlier".. and as was pointed out - the underlining seems incorrect.. none of the answers is correct.
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Re: SC: Gerund or Infinitive? [#permalink]

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Tarek, I still see "by" is this correct?

was thrown off as well by it :wink:
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Re: SC: Gerund or Infinitive? [#permalink]

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may be 'by' is used here because of that COMPETITOR? don't really know...! i mean by a year earlier than the competitor
Re: SC: Gerund or Infinitive?   [#permalink] 26 Jan 2008, 09:04

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