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A year advantage in a new computer product or process being

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A year advantage in a new computer product or process being [#permalink] New post 23 Aug 2003, 23:18
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

17% (01:50) correct 83% (00:47) wrong based on 981 sessions
A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.
a. A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced
b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
c. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier
e. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process

Source: Brutal SCs
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: SC: company [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2009, 10:44
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Hi all,
The question tests the usage of "gerunds vs infinitives"
The following rules should always be remembered:

Gerunds - often used when actions are real, concrete or completed:
Ex-I stopped smoking. (The smoking was real and happened until I stopped.)
Infinitives - often used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future:
Ex-I stopped to smoke.(I was doing something else, and I stopped; the smoking had not happened yet.)

One can easily eliminate the choices and end up choosing b/w B and D.
Now look at the two sentences and the clause which is not underlined
b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier

can give a company a significant edge on its competitors

The non-underlined part of the sentence(look at the word "can give") clearly tells that the "introduction of products a year earlier" is neither real, concrete or completed.

Hence we will choose infinitive instead of gerund and hence choice D is better.
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Re: sc computer advantage [#permalink] New post 24 Aug 2003, 00:13
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doloris wrote:
A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introducted can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.
a...
b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
c. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
e. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process
d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier

the answer id d. :stupid

regards


Please use underlines when posting. It takes just one second of your time and makes life easier for everyone. I will no longer comment on SC questions not properly underlined.
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AkamaiBrah
Former Senior Instructor, Manhattan GMAT and VeritasPrep
Vice President, Midtown NYC Investment Bank, Structured Finance IT
MFE, Haas School of Business, UC Berkeley, Class of 2005
MBA, Anderson School of Management, UCLA, Class of 1993

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Re: SC: Gerund or Infinitive? [#permalink] New post 30 Jan 2008, 20:57
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The answer is : D

I found very useful information at: http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/verbs.htm#infinitive

I hope this helps to resolve your confusion.

I chose B, but the OA is D. Aren't both gerunds and infinitives can be used as subjects anyways? what makes them both different in this question?thanks

Both gerunds and infinitive phrases can function as nouns, in a variety of ways.
More information @ http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/gerunds.htm

Actual and Potential MeaningsAlthough a gerund and an infinitive will often have practically the same meaning ("Running in the park after dark can be dangerous" and "To run in the park after dark can be dangerous"), there can be a difference in meaning. Gerunds are used to describe an "actual, vivid, or fulfilled action" whereas infinitives are better used to describe "potential, hypothetical, or future events" (Frodesen & Eyring 297). This is especially true with three kinds of verbs: verbs of emotion, verbs of completion/incompletion, and verbs of remembering.
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Re: SC: company [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2009, 06:49
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ritula wrote:
A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.
a A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced
b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
c. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier
e. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process


Being is rarely correct on the GMAT, so eliminate E
What gives a company a significant edge? It's not a year's advantage. It is the whole action of introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier. So eliminate A and C.
Now, between B and D. Introducing....can give or To introduce...can give.
Introducing....give is not parallel. So eliminate B.

The correct answer left is D.
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A year advantage in a new computer product or process being [#permalink] New post 21 Jan 2008, 03:36
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A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.

a. A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced

b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier

c. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process

d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier

e. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process






I chose B, but the OA is D. Aren't both gerunds and infinitives can be used as subjects anyways? what makes them both different in this question?thanks

Last edited by tarek99 on 21 Jan 2008, 12:10, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: SC: company [#permalink] New post 24 Mar 2009, 08:14
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Yes. For ex, say the above sentence is changed to...

It is a fact that a year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced gives a company a significant edge on its competitors.
In this case following make more sense:
It is a fact that introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier gives a company a significant edge on its competitors.

I guess this version has no other errors. But the point is that "real fact" means use gerunds.....
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 [#permalink] New post 21 Aug 2006, 05:10
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buzzgaurav wrote:
Yes it should be E.
Great work MATT digging out these SC's with some good concepts. 8-)


Thanks Buzz. I`ve been wearing the miner`s cap and taking a flashlight deep into the archives over the past few days.. Some good stuff buried in this site :wink:
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A year advantage in a new computer product or process being [#permalink] New post 17 Jan 2008, 00:10
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A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.

(A) A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced
(B) Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
(C) A year’s advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
(D) Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process
(E) To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier


OA is D.

I selected "B". Could you please explain why D is better than B.
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Re: SC - A year advantage [#permalink] New post 17 Jan 2008, 06:59
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Quote:
(B) Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier


This is very awkward. Also, there might be some ambiguity in the word 'earlier'. Earlier than what? I'm not sure about that second part, but from the "by a year" section alone I would select D.
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Re: SC: Gerund or Infinitive? [#permalink] New post 21 Jan 2008, 09:48
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"introduce by a year earlier" is incorrect - it should be "introduce a year earlier".. and as was pointed out - the underlining seems incorrect.. none of the answers is correct.
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Re: SC: Gerund or Infinitive? [#permalink] New post 22 Jan 2008, 07:14
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Tarek, I still see "by" is this correct?

was thrown off as well by it :wink:
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Re: SC: Gerund or Infinitive? [#permalink] New post 26 Jan 2008, 08:04
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may be 'by' is used here because of that COMPETITOR? don't really know...! i mean by a year earlier than the competitor
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Re: SC: Gerund or Infinitive? [#permalink] New post 24 Feb 2008, 20:01
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Imo infinitive subjects are acceptable as long as there is a be verb and a subject compliment following it as in following sentences.

To run in the park after dark can be dangerous.

To be good is to be great.

To predict waterflow reliably is necessary for large-scale agriculture and suburbs.


However, with transitive verb such as 'give' as in option D, an infinitive can not function as the subject of the sentence since such sentence illogically implies that the infinitive (a verb form) is the doer of the action expressed in the main verb ('give' in D). (illogical subject).

In E, the state of being expressed in gerund phrase acts as the compliment of 'Company' and is grammatically correct imo.
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A year advantage in a new computer product or process being [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2009, 02:23
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A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.

(A) A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced
(B) Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
(C) A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
(D) To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier
(E) Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
D
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Re: SC: company [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2009, 08:34
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eileen1017 wrote:
ritula wrote:
A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.
a A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced
b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
c. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier
e. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process


Being is rarely correct on the GMAT, so eliminate E
What gives a company a significant edge? It's not a year's advantage. It is the whole action of introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier. So eliminate A and C.
Now, between B and D. Introducing....can give or To introduce...can give.
Introducing....give is not parallel. So eliminate B.

The correct answer left is D.


Can you please explain why Introducing...give is not parallel.
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32)A year advantage in a new computer product or process [#permalink] New post 22 Aug 2009, 00:36
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32)A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.

A. A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced
B. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
C. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
D. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier
E. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process

What is your take on it? OA is given D.

Reasoning people used is "infinitives" vs "gerunds"

Quote:
Both Gerunds and Infinitives can be used as the subject of a sentence. How to choose between them :

gerunds - often used when actions are real, concrete or completed
Infinitive - Actions that are unreal, abstract and future.


But Manhattan GMAT staff said both B and D is wrong and E is the best among the options; He also suggested that this can't be official question.

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/com ... t7284.html
In the link you will not find the question, but this is the same question as I reached there by googling with the same phrase of the question.

I need clarification on the gerund vs infinitive. Is it always the case with them as suggested in the quotes?
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A year advantage in a new computer product or process being [#permalink] New post 04 Sep 2003, 14:51
A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.
a...
b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
c. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier
e. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process

please try to add some explanations to your answer.

is the usage "year's" ok?

thanks
praetorian
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 [#permalink] New post 04 Sep 2003, 17:23
I am not completely sure about this one.. it's hard.. but here's what I think


If you have "earlier" you should also have "than" so B and D are out

From A,C and E I would choose E.


in C , "advantage TO introduce" is not idiomatic isn't it?
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Re: SC - year advantage [#permalink] New post 04 Sep 2003, 17:28
praetorian123 wrote:
A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.
a...
b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
c. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier
e. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process

please try to add some explanations to your answer.

is the usage "year's" ok?

thanks
praetorian
Thanks
praetorian


To answer your question, "A year's" would not be correct under standard written (or GMAT) English unless it were used in a different context, for example:

"This year's NHL schedule is unfriendly to the Red Wings, because it forces them to make an extra trip to the west coast."

(A) sounds bogus
(B) "by a year earlier" is incorrect
(C) "A year's advantage" is awkward, and "advantage to" is incorrect ("advantage of" is the correct thing to say)
(D) same as (B)
(E) is correct, but is still a bit gangly for ETS, I would think.
Re: SC - year advantage   [#permalink] 04 Sep 2003, 17:28
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