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# A year advantage in a new computer product or process being

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Manager
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A year advantage in a new computer product or process being [#permalink]  23 Aug 2003, 23:18
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Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

17% (01:47) correct 83% (00:54) wrong based on 2290 sessions
A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.
a. A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced
b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
c. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier
e. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process

Source: Brutal SCs
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Manager
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Re: SC: company [#permalink]  23 Mar 2009, 10:44
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Hi all,
The question tests the usage of "gerunds vs infinitives"
The following rules should always be remembered:

Gerunds - often used when actions are real, concrete or completed:
Ex-I stopped smoking. (The smoking was real and happened until I stopped.)
Infinitives - often used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future:
Ex-I stopped to smoke.(I was doing something else, and I stopped; the smoking had not happened yet.)

One can easily eliminate the choices and end up choosing b/w B and D.
Now look at the two sentences and the clause which is not underlined
b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier

can give a company a significant edge on its competitors

The non-underlined part of the sentence(look at the word "can give") clearly tells that the "introduction of products a year earlier" is neither real, concrete or completed.

Hence we will choose infinitive instead of gerund and hence choice D is better.
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doloris wrote:
A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introducted can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.
a...
b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
c. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
e. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process
d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier

regards

Please use underlines when posting. It takes just one second of your time and makes life easier for everyone. I will no longer comment on SC questions not properly underlined.
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AkamaiBrah
Former Senior Instructor, Manhattan GMAT and VeritasPrep
Vice President, Midtown NYC Investment Bank, Structured Finance IT
MFE, Haas School of Business, UC Berkeley, Class of 2005
MBA, Anderson School of Management, UCLA, Class of 1993

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Re: SC: Gerund or Infinitive? [#permalink]  30 Jan 2008, 20:57
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I found very useful information at: http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/verbs.htm#infinitive

I hope this helps to resolve your confusion.

I chose B, but the OA is D. Aren't both gerunds and infinitives can be used as subjects anyways? what makes them both different in this question?thanks

Both gerunds and infinitive phrases can function as nouns, in a variety of ways.

Actual and Potential MeaningsAlthough a gerund and an infinitive will often have practically the same meaning ("Running in the park after dark can be dangerous" and "To run in the park after dark can be dangerous"), there can be a difference in meaning. Gerunds are used to describe an "actual, vivid, or fulfilled action" whereas infinitives are better used to describe "potential, hypothetical, or future events" (Frodesen & Eyring 297). This is especially true with three kinds of verbs: verbs of emotion, verbs of completion/incompletion, and verbs of remembering.
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Re: SC: company [#permalink]  23 Mar 2009, 06:49
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ritula wrote:
A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.
a A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced
b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
c. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier
e. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process

Being is rarely correct on the GMAT, so eliminate E
What gives a company a significant edge? It's not a year's advantage. It is the whole action of introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier. So eliminate A and C.
Now, between B and D. Introducing....can give or To introduce...can give.
Introducing....give is not parallel. So eliminate B.

The correct answer left is D.
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A year advantage in a new computer product or process being [#permalink]  21 Jan 2008, 03:36
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A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.

a. A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced

b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier

c. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process

d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier

e. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process

I chose B, but the OA is D. Aren't both gerunds and infinitives can be used as subjects anyways? what makes them both different in this question?thanks

Last edited by tarek99 on 21 Jan 2008, 12:10, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: SC: company [#permalink]  24 Mar 2009, 08:14
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Yes. For ex, say the above sentence is changed to...

It is a fact that a year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced gives a company a significant edge on its competitors.
In this case following make more sense:
It is a fact that introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier gives a company a significant edge on its competitors.

I guess this version has no other errors. But the point is that "real fact" means use gerunds.....
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Vicky wrote:
Martin & JP
"earlier" should be followed by "than" b'cause its a comparative word (for comparing one thing/people with others). Am i right.. ?
... -Vicks

I'm no expert but I think so yes. Every word that finishes with "..er" must be followed by "than"
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praetorian123 wrote:
A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.
a...
b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
c. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier
e. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process

is the usage "year's" ok?

Thanks
praetorian

JP already mentioned the problem with D...i agree with him...

To X a year earlier can give...
To X by a year earlier can give....

To take your gmat by a month earlier can give you more time....
To take your gmat a month earlier can give you more time....

Which one do you guys think is better?

thanks
praetorian
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Yes it should be E.
Great work MATT digging out these SC's with some good concepts.
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buzzgaurav wrote:
Yes it should be E.
Great work MATT digging out these SC's with some good concepts.

Thanks Buzz. Ive been wearing the miners cap and taking a flashlight deep into the archives over the past few days.. Some good stuff buried in this site
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A year advantage in a new computer product or process being [#permalink]  17 Jan 2008, 00:10
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A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.

(A) A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced
(B) Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
(C) A year’s advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
(D) Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process
(E) To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier

OA is D.

I selected "B". Could you please explain why D is better than B.
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Quote:
(B) Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier

This is very awkward. Also, there might be some ambiguity in the word 'earlier'. Earlier than what? I'm not sure about that second part, but from the "by a year" section alone I would select D.
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Re: SC: Gerund or Infinitive? [#permalink]  21 Jan 2008, 09:48
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"introduce by a year earlier" is incorrect - it should be "introduce a year earlier".. and as was pointed out - the underlining seems incorrect.. none of the answers is correct.
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Re: SC: Gerund or Infinitive? [#permalink]  22 Jan 2008, 07:14
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Tarek, I still see "by" is this correct?

was thrown off as well by it
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Re: SC: Gerund or Infinitive? [#permalink]  26 Jan 2008, 08:04
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may be 'by' is used here because of that COMPETITOR? don't really know...! i mean by a year earlier than the competitor
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Re: SC: Gerund or Infinitive? [#permalink]  24 Feb 2008, 20:01
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Imo infinitive subjects are acceptable as long as there is a be verb and a subject compliment following it as in following sentences.

To run in the park after dark can be dangerous.

To be good is to be great.

To predict waterflow reliably is necessary for large-scale agriculture and suburbs.

However, with transitive verb such as 'give' as in option D, an infinitive can not function as the subject of the sentence since such sentence illogically implies that the infinitive (a verb form) is the doer of the action expressed in the main verb ('give' in D). (illogical subject).

In E, the state of being expressed in gerund phrase acts as the compliment of 'Company' and is grammatically correct imo.
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A year advantage in a new computer product or process being [#permalink]  23 Mar 2009, 02:23
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A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.

(A) A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced
(B) Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
(C) A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
(D) To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier
(E) Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
D
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Re: SC: company [#permalink]  23 Mar 2009, 08:34
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eileen1017 wrote:
ritula wrote:
A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.
a A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced
b. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
c. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
d. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier
e. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process

Being is rarely correct on the GMAT, so eliminate E
What gives a company a significant edge? It's not a year's advantage. It is the whole action of introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier. So eliminate A and C.
Now, between B and D. Introducing....can give or To introduce...can give.
Introducing....give is not parallel. So eliminate B.

The correct answer left is D.

Can you please explain why Introducing...give is not parallel.
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32)A year advantage in a new computer product or process [#permalink]  22 Aug 2009, 00:36
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32)A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced can give a company a significant edge on its competitors.

A. A year advantage in a new computer product or process being introduced
B. Introducing a new computer product or process by a year earlier
C. A year's advantage to introduce a new computer product or process
D. To introduce a new computer product or process by a year earlier
E. Being a year ahead in introducing a new computer product or process

What is your take on it? OA is given D.

Reasoning people used is "infinitives" vs "gerunds"

Quote:
Both Gerunds and Infinitives can be used as the subject of a sentence. How to choose between them :

gerunds - often used when actions are real, concrete or completed
Infinitive - Actions that are unreal, abstract and future.

But Manhattan GMAT staff said both B and D is wrong and E is the best among the options; He also suggested that this can't be official question.

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/com ... t7284.html
In the link you will not find the question, but this is the same question as I reached there by googling with the same phrase of the question.

I need clarification on the gerund vs infinitive. Is it always the case with them as suggested in the quotes?
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32)A year advantage in a new computer product or process   [#permalink] 22 Aug 2009, 00:36

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