Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

 It is currently 26 Sep 2016, 07:22

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# AART, a procedure that replicates heart arteries

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Mar 2014
Posts: 274
Location: India
GMAT Date: 04-30-2015
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 57 [0], given: 84

AART, a procedure that replicates heart arteries [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Aug 2014, 04:58
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

85% (01:45) correct 15% (01:02) wrong based on 125 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

AART, a procedure that replicates heart arteries using carbon nanotubes. enables people
with a weak heart to be able to participate in sports and to lead
a healthy life like a normal
person.

A. carbon nanotubes, enables people with a weak heart to be able to participate in sports

B. carbon nanotubes; which enables people with a weak heart to partiCipate in sports to

C. carbon nanotubes, to enable people with a weak heart to participate in sports and to

D. carbon nanotubes, enables people with a weak heart to participate in sports and to

E. carbon nanotubes, enabling people with a weak heart to participate in sports and to
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Mar 2014
Posts: 274
Location: India
GMAT Date: 04-30-2015
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 57 [0], given: 84

Re: AART, a procedure that replicates heart arteries [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Aug 2014, 09:26
It is pretty evident that the choice is between option D and Option E.

Would be really helpful if anyone could explain why is D (enables) preferred over E (enabling).

Is it the parallelism? Does both the words modify 'procedure'?
Manhattan GMAT Instructor
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 862
Followers: 259

Kudos [?]: 686 [1] , given: 25

Re: AART, a procedure that replicates heart arteries [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Aug 2014, 14:12
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
This is very similar to #55 from the OG, including the redundant "enables people . . . to be able" in (A).

Here's the deal with (D) vs. (E):

"Enables" is a verb, so we can say "AART . . . enables people to . . . "

"Enabling" is a modifier. If we say "AART, a procedure that . . . , enabling . . . " we never have a verb for our subject! It would be like saying "My cousin, Richard, thinking he is so smart." That's not a sentence until I actually give Richard a verb: "My cousin, Richard, thinking he is so smart, decided to take the GMAT today without preparing."
_________________

Dmitry Farber | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | New York

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile |
Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Intern
Joined: 01 May 2013
Posts: 4
Schools: Darden
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 4

Re: AART, a procedure that replicates heart arteries [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Aug 2014, 01:35
Hi,

Can someone please explain why 'to be able to participate' is redundant here. Why is it wrong to assume that the device simply makes the person ready or equipped enough to participate, necessitating the use of 'to be able to', and not actually 'making' the person participate in sports activities? Is it because of the presence of 'enables' that we don't need 'to be able to'? Please help...

Thanks
Manhattan GMAT Instructor
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 862
Followers: 259

Kudos [?]: 686 [0], given: 25

Re: AART, a procedure that replicates heart arteries [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Aug 2014, 01:53
You've got it. "Enables . . . to be able" is what is redundant. It's like saying "There's a chance that it could possibly happen" or "I'm prepared to be ready to go."
_________________

Dmitry Farber | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | New York

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile |
Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Intern
Joined: 12 Jan 2014
Posts: 16
Location: India
GPA: 3.65
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 380

Re: AART, a procedure that replicates heart arteries [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Sep 2014, 12:06
Can anyone explain why not B ?
Manhattan GMAT Instructor
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 862
Followers: 259

Kudos [?]: 686 [0], given: 25

Re: AART, a procedure that replicates heart arteries [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Sep 2014, 14:39
There are a few big problems with (B).

First, "which enables" is a noun modifier, so it needs to modify the preceding noun. However, we want to modify AART, so this doesn't work. Even if we wanted to modify "carbon nanotubes," we would then need to say "enable" rather than "enables."

An even quicker way to spot this modifier problem is to notice that the word "which" is preceded by a semicolon. This means that the two parts of the sentence should be independent clauses that can work as sentences on their own. Let's look at them:

AART, a procedure that replicates heart arteries using carbon nanotubes

which enables people with a weak heart to participate in sports to lead a healthy life like a normal person.

Notice that neither of these is a complete sentence. The first one has a subject (AART) with no verb, while the second one is a modifier ("which . . . ") with nothing to modify. This makes the use of a semicolon here incorrect.

In fact, even if we put these two pieces together with a comma, we still wouldn't have a sentence! I see "AART . . . a procedure . . . which . . .," but we still have no verb for AART. This is a big problem. This "sentence" is all subject and modifiers, with no action! (Yes, there are verbs in the sentence, but they are all in the modifiers.)

One last problem is in the modifier itself:

which enables people with a weak heart to participate in sports to lead

We're missing the word "and"! I can't say "this program allows me to teach to learn." We need something to link those items.

Other than that, I love (B).

I hope this helps.
_________________

Dmitry Farber | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | New York

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile |
Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Re: AART, a procedure that replicates heart arteries   [#permalink] 13 Sep 2014, 14:39
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
2 American Heart Association researchers have calculated that 6 24 Apr 2012, 21:54
1 heart's output or output of the heart 9 21 Aug 2011, 02:07
As well as diabetes and heart disease, obesity can lead to 10 29 Oct 2008, 14:48
Examination of reptile hearts shows that their structure 4 27 Jun 2008, 16:38
5 Monitoring heart patients exercise, as well as athletes 4 01 Dec 2006, 04:29
Display posts from previous: Sort by