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Absenteeism among employees has decreased steadily over the

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Absenteeism among employees has decreased steadily over the [#permalink] New post 28 Apr 2012, 20:18
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

58% (02:12) correct 42% (01:30) wrong based on 190 sessions
Absenteeism among employees has decreased steadily over the past several years. Two
possible explanations have been offered. First, improved health insurance has allowed
employees to maintain better health. Second, improved working conditions have improved
morale, leading to less desire to avoid work. However, since absenteeism has also decreased
at companies with poor or no health insurance and poor working conditions, one must
conclude that the cause of the decrease is the increased tendency of employers to deduct
missed days from employees’ paychecks. Which of the following indicates a flaw in the
reasoning above?
A) Employees who lack health insurance often have low morale.
b) Companies with poor working conditions are most likely to deduct pay for missed work days
c) Most employees are not honest about the reasons that they miss work
d) The definition of absenteeism is not clear
e) Improved health care, improved working conditions, and fear of losing money are not the
only possible explanations for decreased absenteeism

Main CR Qs link - Main link - cr-qs-600-700-level-131508.html
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Absenteeism among employees has decreased steadily over the [#permalink] New post 05 Sep 2013, 02:24
The correct answer is E. The conclusion is that the cause of the lower rate of
absenteeism is fear of losing money. The basis for that claim is that two other
possible explanations – improved health insurance and improved working
conditions – are not present in every case. This argument falsely assumes,
however, that these three factors are the only possible explanations.
(A) This answer choice does not address the fact that there may be other factors
causing absenteeism to go down. If anything, it simply strengthens the idea that
not having health insurance should contribute to more absenteeism.
(B) This answer choice does not address the fact that there may be other factors
causing absenteeism to go down. Furthermore, the argument concludes that
absenteeism has gone done across the board, for all types of companies and
that the reason is fear of reduced pay. This choice seems to suggest that
somehow that this fear is more of an issue for those companies with poor
working conditions.
(C) Employees being honest about the reasons they miss work has little to do
with the claim of the argument about why employees are missing work. The
premises cited to do not rely on employee disclosure.
(D) The definition of absenteeism has little to do with the explanation of why it is
occurring. Furthermore, there seems to be little ambiguity here with the definition.
(E) CORRECT. This addresses the argument's primary assumption that these
three are the only possible explanations for absenteeism
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Re: Absenteeism among employees has decreased steadily over the [#permalink] New post 05 Sep 2013, 03:32
Expert's post
This is a common flaw on the GMAT - the premises provide two possible explanations for a fact and the author eliminates one of the explanations therefore coming to the conclusion that the other explanation must be correct. However, the author has never clearly stated that the first to explanations are the only ones. Thus the flaw is that there could be additional explanations and eliminating one does not make the other necessarily true. Thus E is the correct answer.
GetThisDone wrote:
Absenteeism among employees has decreased steadily over the past several years. Two
possible explanations have been offered. First, improved health insurance has allowed
employees to maintain better health. Second, improved working conditions have improved
morale, leading to less desire to avoid work. However, since absenteeism has also decreased
at companies with poor or no health insurance and poor working conditions, one must
conclude that the cause of the decrease is the increased tendency of employers to deduct
missed days from employees’ paychecks. Which of the following indicates a flaw in the
reasoning above?
A) Employees who lack health insurance often have low morale.
b) Companies with poor working conditions are most likely to deduct pay for missed work days
c) Most employees are not honest about the reasons that they miss work
d) The definition of absenteeism is not clear
e) Improved health care, improved working conditions, and fear of losing money are not the
only possible explanations for decreased absenteeism

Main CR Qs link - Main link - cr-qs-600-700-level-131508.html

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Re: Absenteeism among employees has decreased steadily over the   [#permalink] 05 Sep 2013, 03:32
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