Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

 It is currently 13 Oct 2015, 06:52

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Absenteeism among employees has decreased steadily over the

Author Message
TAGS:
Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 23 Oct 2011
Posts: 283
Followers: 32

Kudos [?]: 528 [1] , given: 20

Absenteeism among employees has decreased steadily over the [#permalink]  28 Apr 2012, 20:18
1
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

57% (02:17) correct 43% (01:29) wrong based on 347 sessions
Absenteeism among employees has decreased steadily over the past several years. Two possible explanations have been offered. First, improved health insurance has allowed employees to maintain better health. Second, improved working conditions have improved morale, leading to less desire to avoid work. However, since absenteeism has also decreased at companies with poor or no health insurance and poor working conditions, one must conclude that the cause of the decrease is the increased tendency of employers to deduct missed days from employees’ paychecks.

Which of the following indicates a flaw in the reasoning above?

A) Employees who lack health insurance often have low morale.
b) Companies with poor working conditions are most likely to deduct pay for missed work days
c) Most employees are not honest about the reasons that they miss work
d) The definition of absenteeism is not clear
e) Improved health care, improved working conditions, and fear of losing money are not the only possible explanations for decreased absenteeism

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

********************
Push +1 kudos button please, if you like my post.

 Kaplan Promo Code Knewton GMAT Discount Codes Manhattan GMAT Discount Codes
Manager
Joined: 14 Nov 2008
Posts: 70
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 1

Re: Absenteeism among employees has decreased steadily over the [#permalink]  05 Sep 2013, 02:24
The correct answer is E. The conclusion is that the cause of the lower rate of
absenteeism is fear of losing money. The basis for that claim is that two other
possible explanations – improved health insurance and improved working
conditions – are not present in every case. This argument falsely assumes,
however, that these three factors are the only possible explanations.
(A) This answer choice does not address the fact that there may be other factors
causing absenteeism to go down. If anything, it simply strengthens the idea that
not having health insurance should contribute to more absenteeism.
(B) This answer choice does not address the fact that there may be other factors
causing absenteeism to go down. Furthermore, the argument concludes that
absenteeism has gone done across the board, for all types of companies and
that the reason is fear of reduced pay. This choice seems to suggest that
somehow that this fear is more of an issue for those companies with poor
working conditions.
(C) Employees being honest about the reasons they miss work has little to do
with the claim of the argument about why employees are missing work. The
premises cited to do not rely on employee disclosure.
(D) The definition of absenteeism has little to do with the explanation of why it is
occurring. Furthermore, there seems to be little ambiguity here with the definition.
(E) CORRECT. This addresses the argument's primary assumption that these
three are the only possible explanations for absenteeism
Princeton Review Representative
Joined: 17 Jun 2013
Posts: 163
Followers: 132

Kudos [?]: 236 [0], given: 0

Re: Absenteeism among employees has decreased steadily over the [#permalink]  05 Sep 2013, 03:32
Expert's post
This is a common flaw on the GMAT - the premises provide two possible explanations for a fact and the author eliminates one of the explanations therefore coming to the conclusion that the other explanation must be correct. However, the author has never clearly stated that the first to explanations are the only ones. Thus the flaw is that there could be additional explanations and eliminating one does not make the other necessarily true. Thus E is the correct answer.
GetThisDone wrote:
Absenteeism among employees has decreased steadily over the past several years. Two
possible explanations have been offered. First, improved health insurance has allowed
employees to maintain better health. Second, improved working conditions have improved
morale, leading to less desire to avoid work. However, since absenteeism has also decreased
at companies with poor or no health insurance and poor working conditions, one must
conclude that the cause of the decrease is the increased tendency of employers to deduct
missed days from employees’ paychecks. Which of the following indicates a flaw in the
reasoning above?
A) Employees who lack health insurance often have low morale.
b) Companies with poor working conditions are most likely to deduct pay for missed work days
c) Most employees are not honest about the reasons that they miss work
d) The definition of absenteeism is not clear
e) Improved health care, improved working conditions, and fear of losing money are not the
only possible explanations for decreased absenteeism

_________________

Special offer! Save $250 on GMAT Ultimate Classroom, GMAT Small Group Instruction, or GMAT Liveonline when you use the promo code GCVERBAL250. Or, save$150 on GMAT Self-Prep when you use the code GCVERBAL150. Enroll at www.princetonreview.com

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 5557
Followers: 572

Kudos [?]: 112 [0], given: 0

Re: Absenteeism among employees has decreased steadily over the [#permalink]  03 Dec 2014, 22:09
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: Absenteeism among employees has decreased steadily over the   [#permalink] 03 Dec 2014, 22:09
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
1 Although video game sales have increased steadily over 3 19 Nov 2013, 01:39
The ground water level in County A has decreased drastically 2 04 Apr 2013, 11:34
8 In the last decade there has been a significant decrease in 7 03 Aug 2012, 15:11
1 Although video game sales have increased steadily over the 6 29 Jan 2011, 07:43
Although computer manufacturer X has experienced decreasing 11 13 Aug 2006, 12:32
Display posts from previous: Sort by