According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of

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According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2009, 09:01
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According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of College an University Business Officers, more than three times as many independent institutions of higher education charge tuition and fees of under $8,000 a year than those that charge over$16,000.

A) than those that charge
B) than are charging
C) than to charge
D) as charge
E) as those charging
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Narenn on 09 Dec 2016, 22:36, edited 6 times in total.
OA edited as reported by a user.
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e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
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Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2012, 17:44
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Vinay911, not sure if you are still looking for a response on this question. But here it is anyway (I am royally late in responding to this one )
As many posters have commented, we have to establish the correct equation here. Simplistically here is the equation we are looking for:

Since your doubt pertains to choices D and E, I will only focus on those. The difference between these two choices is in terms of what is there in the blank below. Choice D has nothing in this blank and choice E has "those that". Now you may question that choice E actually states "those charging". Remember that "those charging" is equivalent of "those that charge".

For example : cow that grazes all day long = cow grazing all day long

Ok now lets look at both constructions in terms of the equation:

Per choice D - More than 3x as many colleges charge certain fees as ____ charge over $16000 Per choice E - More than 3x as many colleges charge certain fees as those that charge over$16000

Now what are the entities being compared - colleges that charge < $8000 & colleges that charge > 16000 Choice E clearly states that comparison. Whereas if you look choice D, it is missing the "COLLEGE" part of the comparison. It only states the "charge" part. I hope this helps. Let me know if you have any other questions regarding this. Regards, Payal _________________ | '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com e-GMAT Representative Joined: 02 Nov 2011 Posts: 1996 Followers: 2090 Kudos [?]: 7182 [4] , given: 267 Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of [#permalink] ### Show Tags 01 Oct 2012, 07:52 4 This post received KUDOS Expert's post 2 This post was BOOKMARKED imhimanshu wrote: Hi Payal, Isnt the option D a classic case of ellipsis. i.e Colleges is understood by default. Please share your reasoning Thanks Himanshu egmat wrote: Per choice D - More than 3x as many colleges charge certain fees as ____ charge over$16000
Per choice E - More than 3x as many colleges charge certain fees as those that charge over $16000 Now what are the entities being compared - colleges that charge <$8000 & colleges that charge > 16000

Regards,
Payal

Himanshu and IndianExpress,

Let's assume that Choice D is fine with college actually omitted through ellipsis. Now let us bring back this word "college" and read the sentence:
More than 3x as many colleges charge certain fees as colleges charge over $16000. Now let us do sentence structure analysis here: 1: More than 3x as many colleges charge certain fees as 2: colleges charge over$16000.

Now given this sentence, what is the comparison. IMO, the comparison is no longer clear. Are we comparing the number of colleges or are we comparing the action of charging the fees. Per the intended comparison, we need to compare the colleges, more specifically the number of colleges. One side of comparison is the number of colleges with certain characteristic. The other side of comparison is the number of colleges with certain other characteristic. Now to make the above sentence correct we need to add "that" between colleges and charge as follows:

2. More than 3X institutions (currently) charge under $8K. (Set C of institutions) Choice E converts St. 1 about institutions that currently charge over$16K (a dynamic set) into a statement about institutions that have charged over $16K over the course of history ("institutions charging over$16K"). These institutions (Set A) may or may not be charging over $16K today. Additionally, other institutions that traditionally did not charge over$16K (Set B) may have hiked their fees and could be charging over $16K today. The survey compares Set C to "Set A + Set B" but the wording of Choice E makes it compare Set C (a dynamic set) to only Set A (a static set). By including the verb, "charge" (versus the adjective, "charging"), Choice D makes it clear that the survey correctly compares institutions that currently charge under$8K to those that currently charge over $16K. _________________ --Prasad EnterMBA Director Joined: 18 Oct 2014 Posts: 924 Location: United States GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V31 GPA: 3.98 Followers: 93 Kudos [?]: 235 [1] , given: 69 Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of [#permalink] ### Show Tags 16 May 2016, 09:56 1 This post received KUDOS skg wrote: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of College an University Business Officers, more than three times as many independent institutions of higher education charge tuition and fees of under$8,000 a year than those that charge over $16,000. A) than those that charge B) than are charging C) than to charge D) as charge E) as those charging As X as Y is the correct idiom; hence, only D and E are left. The comparison says more than three times as many independent institutions of higher education charge tuition fee of under 8000 as institutions that charge 16000 In option E 'Charging' is not parallel to Charge , and hence is a wrong option. D is the right answer _________________ I welcome critical analysis of my post!! That will help me reach 700+ Verbal Expert Joined: 14 Dec 2013 Posts: 2389 Location: Germany Schools: HHL Leipzig GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47 Followers: 364 Kudos [?]: 1526 [1] , given: 21 Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of [#permalink] ### Show Tags 20 Aug 2016, 11:12 1 This post received KUDOS Expert's post manhasnoname wrote: sayantanc2k wrote: manhasnoname wrote: Sure, verb parallelism is achieved in (E). But, isn't it comparing institutions with charge as opposed to institutions with institutions? I am not clear about your query. How verb parallelism is achieved in E? In E, a present participle modifier is made parallel to a verb. Could you clarify your query? If you meant "D" rather "E" then my post above could help explain, why the parallelism is correct in D. Please note that the repeated "institutions" has been omitted from the second element of parallel structure. Sorry about that. Yes, I meant D. I can see that D is the best among the choices, based on the explanation. But, was wondering if the sentence (omitting institutions) is grammatically correct outside GMAT Yes, such omission is widely used in GMAT, and has been found in some very tough parallelism problems: in-no-other-historical-halley-s-comet-sighting-164011.html#p1693562 Manager Joined: 08 Oct 2009 Posts: 66 Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 5 Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of [#permalink] ### Show Tags 17 Oct 2009, 10:05 [E]? Since you have 3x AS many, you need as in the comparison and not than, so eliminate A, B and C. Need to compare universities to universities, so need those. Director Joined: 24 Aug 2007 Posts: 954 WE 1: 3.5 yrs IT WE 2: 2.5 yrs Retail chain Followers: 76 Kudos [?]: 1273 [0], given: 40 Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of [#permalink] ### Show Tags 07 Jun 2010, 22:15 1 This post was BOOKMARKED I think this was simple thats y I missed the correct OA. _________________ Want to improve your CR: http://gmatclub.com/forum/cr-methods-an-approach-to-find-the-best-answers-93146.html Tricky Quant problems: http://gmatclub.com/forum/50-tricky-questions-92834.html Important Grammer Fundamentals: http://gmatclub.com/forum/key-fundamentals-of-grammer-our-crucial-learnings-on-sc-93659.html Intern Joined: 11 Apr 2012 Posts: 42 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 57 [0], given: 93 Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of [#permalink] ### Show Tags 26 Aug 2012, 01:33 Experts @e-gmat could you help us here. OA is E . But the between D & E its a nightmare to pick the right one Manager Status: exam is close ... dont know if i ll hit that number Joined: 06 Jun 2011 Posts: 206 Location: India Concentration: International Business, Marketing GMAT Date: 10-09-2012 GPA: 3.2 Followers: 2 Kudos [?]: 22 [0], given: 1 Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of [#permalink] ### Show Tags 26 Aug 2012, 20:22 is those here referring to independent institutions ... please explain.. i selected d as i overlooked those in the option _________________ just one more month for exam... Manager Status: SLOGGING : My son says,This time Papa u will have to make it : Innocence is BLISS Joined: 16 Jan 2012 Posts: 210 Location: India WE: Sales (Energy and Utilities) Followers: 4 Kudos [?]: 53 [0], given: 30 Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of [#permalink] ### Show Tags 26 Aug 2012, 21:52 mohan514 wrote: is those here referring to independent institutions ... please explain.. i selected d as i overlooked those in the option Hi, Do we have any other Referrent of THOSE other than INSTITUTIONS = what can THOSE refer back to other than institutions = Guess That's the onliest logical antecedent of THOSE in the stimulus. Lets substitute THOSE = INSTITUTIONS in our equation and see if it still holds : More than three time AS many INSTITUTIONS charge 8000$...................... AS INSTITUTIONS charging 16000\$ ( Seems Logical, Equation still holds )

ie institutions charging 16000 = x , institutions charging 8000 = 3x
Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of   [#permalink] 26 Aug 2012, 21:52

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# According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of

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