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According to a recent research study, more than 90% percent

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According to a recent research study, more than 90% percent [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2008, 19:57
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According to a recent research study, more than 90% percent of graduates of private high schools in a certain county continue their education in college. By contrast, only 65% of graduates of public high schools subsequently pursue college education. Therefore, if parents in the county wish to increase the likelihood that their children will attend college, they should send them to private rather than public schools.

Which of the following statements would most seriously weaken the argument above?

(A) Graduates of private schools typically score higher on standardized tests and other tests of academic achievement.
(B) While private schools are typically very expensive, attendance of public school is free for the residents of the county.
(C) In comparison with graduates of private schools, a substantially greater proportion of public school graduates receive need-based financial aid for their college education.
(D) In comparison with private schools, public schools provide more opportunities for student involvement in sports and other athletic activities, which almost always increase the likelihood of students’ acceptance to colleges.
(E) Since most public schools are located in rural areas of the county populated primarily by farmers, nearly 30% of students from public high schools choose to pursue farming occupations rather than apply to colleges.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: CR-public schools [#permalink] New post 01 Aug 2008, 18:44
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I Pick -E

In private school 90% students go on to do the education in college. Means 90 students out of 100

In public school (Including reasoning given in E) 65 out of (100-30=70) go on to do the education in college. Means 65 students out of 70

This clearly weakns the argument "if parents in the county wish to increase the likelihood that their children will attend college, they should send them to private rather than public schools. "

Last edited by humtum0 on 01 Aug 2008, 18:57, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: According to a recent research study, more than 90% percent [#permalink] New post 17 Sep 2012, 05:52
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Conclusions are like a house of cards that are built on a foundation of a few base cards (aka assumptions). Knock down one of the foundation cards, and regardless of the strength of other cards, the house comes falling down. One should also remember that the scope of the GMAT argument is limited to the facts presented in the argument.
One cannot assume that the rural students of this country are financially disadvantaged in any way. This might a county where the farmers sell a lot of corn and make a whole lot of money.
Let's zone in on the conclusion of the argument :

Therefore, if parents in the county wish to increase the likelihood that their children will attend college, they should send them to private rather than public schools.

The whole conclusion is based on the statistical data, which seem to indicate that students who attend private school have some sort of advantage over public school students. Note that the argument is silent about what this advantage could be.

Hmm....What if we prove that the conclusion that is drawn from the statistical data is incorrect. The whole argument is built on the assumption that the % of students who go on to attend college is THE indicator of the superiority of private school instruction vis-a-vis public school instruction.
( E) clearly indicates that given statistic IS NOT a good measure of the superiority of private schools. (E) implies that the % has nothing to do with superiority of private school instruction.

Lets think about it another way
Imagine that i am being interviewed a lawyer :
Scenario : Jane is being accused of grand larceny.
Me : I saw Sam yesterday at 5 o clock and he told me that he saw Jane stealing a car.
Lawyer : Your time card proves that you were in the office till 7 PM, hence there is no way that you could have talked to Sam at 5
Me : You are right. That conversation never happened. I made it up
Judge : The whole case is built on the testimony that you saw Sam at 5. That never happened, hence the case is dismissed.


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Re: CR-public schools [#permalink] New post 13 Sep 2010, 08:01
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Dohalad wrote:
I feel - D

The Issue mentioned is Probability of a KID joining College.

THe topic doesn mention anything about the FEE.

And since "D" strengthens the probability of a kid joining college after passing out from Public School, I feel its D.

"E" which mentions 30% of kids are of Farmers who want to farm after school doesn't increase the chances of kids joining college.


(D) states that public school kids have an advantage over private school kids with increased access to sports - and yet, despite this advantage, less of them still go to college. That weakens the argument.
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Re: CR-public schools [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2008, 20:03
C

public school students don't attend college because they can't afford college, not because of academic achievements.
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Re: CR-public schools [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2008, 20:22
I am between C and D, but, may be, you are right that C is the best one, because C exactly talk about graduates.
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Re: CR-public schools [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2008, 20:38
goalsnr wrote:
According to a recent research study, more than 90% percent of graduates of private high schools in a certain county continue their education in college. By contrast, only 65% of graduates of public high schools subsequently pursue college education. Therefore, if parents in the county wish to increase the likelihood that their children will attend college, they should send them to private rather than public schools.

Which of the following statements would most seriously weaken the argument above?
A. Graduates of private schools typically score higher on standardized tests and other tests of academic achievement.
B. While private schools are typically very expensive, attendance of public school is free for the residents of the county.
C. In comparison with graduates of private schools, a substantially greater proportion of public school graduates receive need-based financial aid for their college education.
D. In comparison with private schools, public schools provide more opportunities for student involvement in sports and other athletic activities, which almost always increase the likelihood of students’ acceptance to colleges.
E. Since most public schools are located in rural areas of the county populated primarily by farmers, nearly 30% of students from public high schools choose to pursue farming occupations rather than apply to colleges.


IMO D
The argument is if parents in the county wish to increase the likelihood that their children will attend college, they should send them to private rather than public schools
What weakens it is D.
It explains more opportunities provided in public school and more likelihood that children will go to college.
Option C looks interesting however we cannot assume that money/fees is the reason why public school students don't go to college.

OA ?
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Re: CR-public schools [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2008, 20:45
kandyhot27 wrote:
goalsnr wrote:
According to a recent research study, more than 90% percent of graduates of private high schools in a certain county continue their education in college. By contrast, only 65% of graduates of public high schools subsequently pursue college education. Therefore, if parents in the county wish to increase the likelihood that their children will attend college, they should send them to private rather than public schools.

Which of the following statements would most seriously weaken the argument above?
A. Graduates of private schools typically score higher on standardized tests and other tests of academic achievement.
B. While private schools are typically very expensive, attendance of public school is free for the residents of the county.
C. In comparison with graduates of private schools, a substantially greater proportion of public school graduates receive need-based financial aid for their college education.
D. In comparison with private schools, public schools provide more opportunities for student involvement in sports and other athletic activities, which almost always increase the likelihood of students’ acceptance to colleges.
E. Since most public schools are located in rural areas of the county populated primarily by farmers, nearly 30% of students from public high schools choose to pursue farming occupations rather than apply to colleges.


IMO D
The argument is if parents in the county wish to increase the likelihood that their children will attend college, they should send them to private rather than public schools
What weakens it is D.
It explains more opportunities provided in public school and more likelihood that children will go to college.
Option C looks interesting however we cannot assume that money/fees is the reason why public school students don't go to college.

OA ?


According to a recent research study, more than 90% percent of graduates of private high schools in a certain county continue their education in college. By contrast, only 65% of graduates of public high schools subsequently pursue college education. Therefore, if parents in the county wish to increase the likelihood that their children will attend college, they should send them to private rather than public schools.

Which of the following statements would most seriously weaken the argument above?
A. Graduates of private schools typically score higher on standardized tests and other tests of academic achievement.-> this is irrelevant
B. While private schools are typically very expensive, attendance of public school is free for the residents of the county. -> irrelevant
C. In comparison with graduates of private schools, a substantially greater proportion of public school graduates receive need-based financial aid for their college education. -> this is irrelevant
D. In comparison with private schools, public schools provide more opportunities for student involvement in sports and other athletic activities, which almost always increase the likelihood of students’ acceptance to colleges. -> this strengthens

E. Since most public schools are located in rural areas of the county populated primarily by farmers, nearly 30% of students from public high schools choose to pursue farming occupations rather than apply to colleges. -> this weakens
the logic stated above since the students themselves opt not to go to college

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Re: CR-public schools [#permalink] New post 01 Aug 2008, 02:20
C or D. I cannot cleary explain which one is better.

OA? Offical explanation?
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Re: CR-public schools [#permalink] New post 01 Aug 2008, 03:44
i think d
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Re: CR-public schools [#permalink] New post 01 Aug 2008, 04:35
I am not sure how C can be the answer

Therefore, if parents in the county wish to increase the likelihood that their children will attend college, they should send them to private rather than public schools.

Conclusion is that sending to private schools increases the chances of attending college


Which of the following statements would most seriously weaken the argument above?

We need to find something that says

(a) Sending to private schools do not increase the chances of going to college

(b) Sending to public schools increases the chances of going to college

(c) Sending to either private or public school has no effect on chances of attending college



A. Graduates of private schools typically score higher on standardized tests and other tests of academic achievement.

A strengthens the argument
B. While private schools are typically very expensive, attendance of public school is free for the residents of the county.

B is irrelevant

C. In comparison with graduates of private schools, a substantially greater proportion of public school graduates receive need-based financial aid for their college education.

C talks about Fin aid. Nothing about chances of getting into college
D. In comparison with private schools, public schools provide more opportunities for student involvement in sports and other athletic activities, which almost always increase the likelihood of students’ acceptance to colleges.

D does what we need
E. Since most public schools are located in rural areas of the county populated primarily by farmers, nearly 30% of students from public high schools choose to pursue farming occupations rather than apply to colleges.

E is irrelevant.
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Re: CR-public schools [#permalink] New post 01 Aug 2008, 06:38
Vote for D.
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Re: CR-public schools [#permalink] New post 01 Aug 2008, 06:54
Premise: more than 90% percent of graduates of private high schools in a certain county continue their education in college. only 65% of graduates of public high schools subsequently pursue college education.

Conclusion: Therefore, if parents in the county wish to increase the likelihood that their children will attend college, they should send them to private rather than public schools.

Which of the following statements would most seriously weaken the argument above?
A. Graduates of private schools typically score higher on standardized tests and other tests of academic achievement.
does scoring more in standardized test help? Is there test common for all? no clarity
B. While private schools are typically very expensive, attendance of public school is free for the residents of the county.
this indeed is against the conclusion, but doesnt weaken
C. In comparison with graduates of private schools, a substantially greater proportion of public school graduates receive need-based financial aid for their college education.
is funding a problem? we dont know... it may be
D. In comparison with private schools, public schools provide more opportunities for student involvement in sports and other athletic activities, which almost always increase the likelihood of students’ acceptance to colleges.
This says, X increases the likelyhood of students' acceptance... acceptance is never in question
E. Since most public schools are located in rural areas of the county populated primarily by farmers, nearly 30% of students from public high schools choose to pursue farming occupations rather than apply to colleges.
going to college is not their goal, with any incentive/reason they would still prefer to go to public school... so this weakens the argument
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Re: CR-public schools [#permalink] New post 01 Aug 2008, 07:10
goalsnr wrote:
According to a recent research study, more than 90% percent of graduates of private high schools in a certain county continue their education in college. By contrast, only 65% of graduates of public high schools subsequently pursue college education. Therefore, if parents in the county wish to increase the likelihood that their children will attend college, they should send them to private rather than public schools.

Which of the following statements would most seriously weaken the argument above?
A. Graduates of private schools typically score higher on standardized tests and other tests of academic achievement.
B. While private schools are typically very expensive, attendance of public school is free for the residents of the county.
C. In comparison with graduates of private schools, a substantially greater proportion of public school graduates receive need-based financial aid for their college education.
D. In comparison with private schools, public schools provide more opportunities for student involvement in sports and other athletic activities, which almost always increase the likelihood of students’ acceptance to colleges.
E. Since most public schools are located in rural areas of the county populated primarily by farmers, nearly 30% of students from public high schools choose to pursue farming occupations rather than apply to colleges.


IMO E)
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Re: CR-public schools [#permalink] New post 01 Aug 2008, 18:54
humtum0 wrote:
I Pick -E

In public school 90% students go on to do the education in college. Means 90 students out of 100

In private school (Including reasoning given in E) 65 out of (100-30=70) go on to do the education in college. Means 65 students out of 70

This clearly weakns the argument "if parents in the county wish to increase the likelihood that their children will attend college, they should send them to private rather than public schools. "


I hope u have just interchanged public with private here :roll: .

E actually weakens the argument since when students in public schools are willing to pursue farming ,even if they are sent to private schools there mindset wont change .hence this will not affect

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Re: CR-public schools [#permalink] New post 01 Aug 2008, 18:57
spriya wrote:
humtum0 wrote:
I Pick -E

In public school 90% students go on to do the education in college. Means 90 students out of 100

In private school (Including reasoning given in E) 65 out of (100-30=70) go on to do the education in college. Means 65 students out of 70

This clearly weakns the argument "if parents in the county wish to increase the likelihood that their children will attend college, they should send them to private rather than public schools. "


I hope u have just interchanged public with private here :roll: .

E actually weakens the argument since when students in public schools are willing to pursue farming ,even if they are sent to private schools there mindset wont change .hence this will not affect


Correction made ..Thanks spriya
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Re: CR-public schools [#permalink] New post 02 Aug 2008, 06:03
OA is E.
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Re: CR-public schools [#permalink] New post 02 Aug 2008, 09:11
Do you by any chance have the OE? Thanks!
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Re: CR-public schools [#permalink] New post 13 Sep 2010, 04:59
C
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Re: CR-public schools [#permalink] New post 13 Sep 2010, 05:21
i pick E, but i somewhat think that 30% in option E is a bit lower, ie. if the number were 60%, that could be better?
Re: CR-public schools   [#permalink] 13 Sep 2010, 05:21
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