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# According to a recent school survey, the number of students

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Re: According to a recent school survey, the number [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2009, 06:34
sprtng wrote:
can't be B or D because they actually strengthens the argument.

can't be C as they changed the system, didn't say anything about 10 years ago, could be that they changed it back 10 years ago again.

can't be E as it is not related to this argument

Can you explain why it is A?
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Re: According to a recent school survey, the number [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2009, 06:47
I repeat.

Netcaesar, is there a typo in A?

The option A says:
Most of the students who now attend campus services do so largely for social reasons.
Was it supposed to be?
Most of the students who now attend religious services do so largely for social reasons.

Because if A is about campus services, it is not relevant to religions services, which is what the question is about.
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Re: According to a recent school survey, the number [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2009, 07:02
mikeCoolBoy wrote:
sprtng wrote:
can't be B or D because they actually strengthens the argument.

can't be C as they changed the system, didn't say anything about 10 years ago, could be that they changed it back 10 years ago again.

can't be E as it is not related to this argument

Can you explain why it is A?

hmmm i did assume campus service is referring to campus religious service in this context...

if people go to services for social reasons, then that undermines the increase in spirituality, which in turn undermines that argument that increase in spirituality caused cheating rate to go down.
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Re: According to a recent school survey, the number of students [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2009, 08:02
The inference is that increased spirituality leads to a decrease in cheating

If students attend church for mostly social reasons that means they are not going for spiritual reasons.

This weakens the inference because any increase in attendance is likely to be for social reasons which shows that increased spirituality is not the reason for the decrease in cheating
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Re: According to a recent school survey, the number of students [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2009, 09:11
C is a trap. It is called the Shell game as per Powerscore CR bible.

The question says the students cheating is reduced because of their attendance to religous services. We need to find an answer which defies this logic and hence A which says that religous services were more of social rather than learning anything about being moral and hence have no effect on the students cheating in the exams or not.
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Re: According to a recent school survey, the number of students [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2009, 09:32
First, this is a simple one but a good one.

One premise is that the number of students attending religious services on campus has increased.
The conclusion is that an increased spirutuality has massively reduced incidences of cheating on exams.
The assumption made is that the increased participation in sprirutuality led to decrease in cheating on exams.

Between options (A) and (C),
Option (A) attacks the premise that the students who attend do so for social reasons.
Where are option (C) suggests an alternative reason for the decrease in cheating on exams.

Both statements are good and both weaken the inference. But option A weakes a premise that is stated in the argument.
Where as the option C introduces a new weaking explanation. So A is a better option than C.

So, A.
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Re: According to a recent school survey, the number [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2009, 10:54
sprtng wrote:
mikeCoolBoy wrote:
sprtng wrote:
can't be B or D because they actually strengthens the argument.

can't be C as they changed the system, didn't say anything about 10 years ago, could be that they changed it back 10 years ago again.

can't be E as it is not related to this argument

Can you explain why it is A?

hmmm i did assume campus service is referring to campus religious service in this context...

if people go to services for social reasons, then that undermines the increase in spirituality, which in turn undermines that argument that increase in spirituality caused cheating rate to go down.

This is one way to see it. Consider the following analogy

People who play "shoot them up" video games do so for pleasure. These people cannot experiment any increase in violence, since they only play the video games for pleasure.

I think this is a big assumption. Also I don't like option A because it attacks a premise, most problems in the OG or LSAT attack the conclusion rather than the premise.

I'd like to know the source of this question and the OE if possible
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Re: According to a recent school survey, the number [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2009, 17:39
my take:

Extracted: "It must be an increased spirituality at our college that has massively reduced incidences of cheating on exams during this period"

(B) Spirituality can be expressed and felt without attendance at regular religious services.

Therefore B attacks the assumption that the increased number of students attending religious services on campus leads to increased spirituality. By questioning the validity of increased spirituality, the argument that points to reduced cheating incidents is weakened.
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Re: According to a recent school survey, the number [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2009, 17:43
izing wrote:
I repeat.

Netcaesar, is there a typo in A?

The option A says:
Most of the students who now attend campus services do so largely for social reasons.
Was it supposed to be?
Most of the students who now attend religious services do so largely for social reasons.

Because if A is about campus services, it is not relevant to religions services, which is what the question is about.

I share your sentiments. Thats why I did not choose A.
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Re: According to a recent school survey, the number [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2009, 07:23
Tough one!
A seems to be correct only if WE assume that because the students have become increasingly spiritual, they are attending church. A disproves our assumption by saying that no, its not the spirituality of the students that takes them to church; its for social reasons that they go to church. Yes, then A is the answer.
But, what if going to church increases the spirituality of these students? Then, for whatever reason the students go to church, they are coming out as spiritual beings. In this case, A does not weaken the argument.
Now lets examine C.
15 years ago, strict proctoring took over and since last 10 years, the cheating has decreased by 40%. Well, this does not mean that the cheating was not on the decline in the period 15 years ago to 10 years ago. It could have been steadily decreasing in that period as well except that the decline may not have been as remarkable as in the last 10 years!
So, C could be the correct answer as it provides alternative explanation for the decline in cheating.
Just a food for thought!!!
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Re: According to a recent school survey, the number [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2009, 14:44
rkassal wrote:
Tough one!
A seems to be correct only if WE assume that because the students have become increasingly spiritual, they are attending church. A disproves our assumption by saying that no, its not the spirituality of the students that takes them to church; its for social reasons that they go to church. Yes, then A is the answer.
But, what if going to church increases the spirituality of these students? Then, for whatever reason the students go to church, they are coming out as spiritual beings. In this case, A does not weaken the argument.
Now lets examine C.
15 years ago, strict proctoring took over and since last 10 years, the cheating has decreased by 40%. Well, this does not mean that the cheating was not on the decline in the period 15 years ago to 10 years ago. It could have been steadily decreasing in that period as well except that the decline may not have been as remarkable as in the last 10 years!
So, C could be the correct answer as it provides alternative explanation for the decline in cheating.
Just a food for thought!!!

What makes you think that "changing from Honour system to a closely guarded exam" would reduce cheating.For the last 10 years it has been equally "closely" guarded,no info has been provided that the guarding process has chnaged which should reduce cheating.We tend to fall in the trap of "assuming" that this alternative gives us an alternate explanation because we are used to looking at a "new piece of information which provides us an alternate reason which weakens the conclusion" whereas this question weakens the PREMISE and such type is rare.We should not forget that the exam knows the general test taking tendencies and uses our own ways to ead us to its traps....
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Re: According to a recent school survey, the number [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2009, 01:12
sasen wrote:
What makes you think that "changing from Honour system to a closely guarded exam" would reduce cheating.For the last 10 years it has been equally "closely" guarded,no info has been provided that the guarding process has chnaged which should reduce cheating.We tend to fall in the trap of "assuming" that this alternative gives us an alternate explanation because we are used to looking at a "new piece of information which provides us an alternate reason which weakens the conclusion" whereas this question weakens the PREMISE and such type is rare.We should not forget that the exam knows the general test taking tendencies and uses our own ways to ead us to its traps....

I don't think that this is an official problem, I'd like to see a GMAT official problem in which the correct answer choice weakens the premises rather than the conclusion, so that it strengthens your argument about the general test taking tendencies.
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Re: According to a recent school survey, the number of students [#permalink]

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01 Jun 2015, 22:41
Conclusion - More Students attending religious services increase in spirituality reduction in cheating
Options -
A - Most of the students who now attend campus services do so largely for social reasons. - This gives a cause of the increase in student percentage at the religious services which is the first premise but this doesn't help explain the conclusion. It might be that students attended for social reasons but that lead to increase in spirituality that in-turn lead to reduction in cheating

B - Spirituality can be expressed and felt without attendance at regular religious services. - This makes sense as if spirituality can be increased without attending religious services that means that it might be true that the univ doesn't have an increase in spirituality and thus the reduction in cheating might be because of some other reason

C- Fifteen years ago, the college switched from an honor system to one involving closely monitored faculty-proctored exams. - This is logical reason New system reduction in cheating , negating the conclusion but the point to be noted is that this happened 15 yrs ago and reduction in cheating happened 10 yrs ago and thus the two events are not synchronous...that reduces the weight-age of this answer

D- Not all students who attend religious services regularly on campus responded to the survey. - This would strengthen the first premise as if more students attending the services would have responded the percentage of students attending would have increased but this option don't help in making the conclusion

E- Cheating has not been a major problem at this school in the past. This is out of scope, it doesn't matter whether it is a major problem or not, the point is how did it reduced

But certainly this question is a bit tricky.......need more opinion on it
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Re: According to a recent school survey, the number of students   [#permalink] 01 Jun 2015, 22:41

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