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# According to a recent study linking high social standing to

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According to a recent study linking high social standing to [#permalink]  20 Nov 2010, 08:12
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Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

13% (02:26) correct 88% (00:54) wrong based on 8 sessions
According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.
A models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression
B models in magazine advertisements who do not smile give an impression adequately
C models who do not smile in magazine advertisements adequately give an impression
D it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression
E in magazine advertisements, the models who do not smile adequately give an impression

What does "adequate" refer to??
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Models facial expression [#permalink]  20 Nov 2010, 11:37
BellTheGmat wrote:
According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.
A models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression
B models in magazine advertisements who do not smile give an impression adequately
C models who do not smile in magazine advertisements adequately give an impression
D it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression
E in magazine advertisements, the models who do not smile adequately give an impression

What does "adequate" refer to??

Is (C) really the correct answer? There are two major problems with it that made me immediately eliminate it from consideration. (E) is the only choice that fixes both issues.

"adequately" is an adverb, so it must modify a verb, adjective or other adverb. In this sentence, "adequately" is modifying "smile"; in other words, the sentence is saying "models who don't smile enough..."

Since "adequately" is modifying "smile", it should be placed as closely to smile as possible. In (C) the placement of "adequately isn't ideal".

Further, the pronoun "they" could refer to either the models or the advertisements. In (C), "they" is closer to "advertisements", changing the meaning of the sentence (and making it non-sensical). In (E) the plural noun immediately preceding "they" is "models", which makes sense.

What's the source of the question?
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Prepare with Kaplan and save $150 on a course! Kaplan Reviews Manager Joined: 11 Jul 2010 Posts: 228 Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 53 [0], given: 20 Re: Models facial expression [#permalink] 20 Nov 2010, 11:59 Hi stuart what is wrong with A? Posted from my mobile device Kaplan GMAT Instructor Joined: 21 Jun 2010 Posts: 148 Location: Toronto Followers: 37 Kudos [?]: 126 [0], given: 0 Re: Models facial expression [#permalink] 20 Nov 2010, 12:09 gmat1011 wrote: Hi stuart what is wrong with A? Posted from my mobile device (A) has the same pronoun ambiguity problem as (C) - "they" is closer to "advertisements" than "models". _________________ Stuart Kovinsky stuart.kovinsky@kaplan.com Kaplan Test Prep & Admissions Toronto Office 1-800-KAP-TEST http://www.kaptest.com/GMAT Prepare with Kaplan and save$150 on a course!

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Re: Models facial expression [#permalink]  20 Nov 2010, 12:16
IMO,

The answer is C as adequately modifies the verb "give".
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Re: Models facial expression [#permalink]  20 Nov 2010, 12:27
vertigo777 wrote:
IMO,

The answer is C as adequately modifies the verb "give".

A fundamental principle of sentence correction is that we must choose an answer that doesn't change the author's intended meaning. Unless the original sentence is nonsensical, we should preserve its meaning.

You're correct that in (C), the placement of "adequately" means that it modifies "give". However, since that completely changes the meaning of the sentence, (C) cannot be right.
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Re: Models facial expression [#permalink]  20 Nov 2010, 12:48
You are right, thanks for reminding that.
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Re: Models facial expression [#permalink]  20 Nov 2010, 19:22
skovinsky wrote:
vertigo777 wrote:
IMO,

The answer is C as adequately modifies the verb "give".

A fundamental principle of sentence correction is that we must choose an answer that doesn't change the author's intended meaning. Unless the original sentence is nonsensical, we should preserve its meaning.

You're correct that in (C), the placement of "adequately" means that it modifies "give". However, since that completely changes the meaning of the sentence, (C) cannot be right.

Thanks for the clarification... Since I was skeptical about the reference of "adequate", hence posted it. As per the explanation given for this ques (in v05 test given in free access of GmatClub), it says - author wants to use "adequate" to modify give and not smile, hence OA is C.

I suppose such ambiguous questions wont come in actual GMAT... !!
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Re: Models facial expression [#permalink]  21 Nov 2010, 03:38
Doh!! I picked A.
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Re: Models facial expression [#permalink]  21 Dec 2010, 21:14
Expert's post
However much the adverb ‘adequately’ may be justified as modifying the verb ‘give’, still the author of the passage can not convince that the pronoun ‘they’ stands for the distant 'models' rather than the nearby ‘advertisements’. I feel C clearly suffers from pronoun ambiguity. E is the right on
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Re: Models facial expression   [#permalink] 21 Dec 2010, 21:14
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