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According to a recent study of consumer spending on

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According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] New post 12 May 2012, 16:04
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Question Stats:

62% (02:18) correct 38% (01:18) wrong based on 151 sessions
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised
very little.

A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: GWD #22 V18 [#permalink] New post 12 May 2012, 16:10
I thought that C was grammatically incorrect because of the part "the remainder of the increase coming".

But some people say that the part mentioned above has any grammatical problems.
According to them, the structure of that part is "Norminative absolute", which I've never heard of.

I googled it and found this definition and examples.

a nominative absolute is a free-standing (absolute) part of a sentence that describes or modifies the main subject and verb. It is usually at the beginning or end of the sentence, although it can also appear in the middle. Its parallel is the ablative absolute in Latin, or the genitive absolute in Greek.

Ex) Their manes flowing, the horses ran from the burning barn.

What's the purpose of using this structure? seems really weird....
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Re: GWD #22 V18 [#permalink] New post 12 May 2012, 22:01
This one's a tricky one; we need daagh and gyanone in on this...

I was stuck between C and E since I knew accounted had to be in the past tense.

E has a which followed by a clause so I was leaning towards C...
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Re: GWD #22 V18 [#permalink] New post 12 May 2012, 23:07
eybrj2 wrote:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming



Read the above stem this way:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications,[highlight]increases in the sales ...............heavily accounts for almost half ........ the remainder of which came[/highlight] from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised
very little.
Now go through options:
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came---> [highlight]wrong.This sentence uses present tense as well as past.[/highlight]
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming----> [highlight]'......increase in the sales.....heavily were what.....' makes no sense.So this one is incorrect.[/highlight]
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming-->[highlight]'...increases in the sales.......heavily accounted.....'.this one is correct.[/highlight]
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came--->[highlight]wrong[/highlight]
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming---> [highlight]wrong.[/highlight]

So C is the correct answer.
+1 for C




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Re: GWD #22 V18 [#permalink] New post 12 May 2012, 23:37
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piyushksharma wrote:
eybrj2 wrote:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming



E is wrong.Read the full sentence now with option E.
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
The use of the word 'which' is not correct. which is redundant here . The presence of that makes it redundant.
Instead of '.....most heavily, which accounted for....', we could have used '.....most heavily that accounts for.........'.
Hope this helps.

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Re: GWD #22 V18 [#permalink] New post 12 May 2012, 23:43
piyushksharma wrote:
piyushksharma wrote:
eybrj2 wrote:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming



E is wrong.Read the full sentence now with option E.
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
The use of the word 'which' is not correct. which is redundant here . The presence of that makes it redundant.
Instead of '.....most heavily, which accounted for....', we could have used '.....most heavily that accounts for.........'.
Hope this helps.

Plz give me kudos, if u like it !!


aha that makes sense...thanks..
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Re: GWD #22 V18 [#permalink] New post 14 May 2012, 06:04
Expert's post
Hi all,
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised.

Image

Error Analysis

1. The singular verb “accounts” does not agree in number with plural subject “increases”.
2. There is inconsistency in the use of verb tenses as well.
3. Relative pronoun “which” does not have clear referent here.

POE

Choice A: heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

Choice B: heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming: Incorrect. 1. “were what” is not required in the sentence. They make this choice wordy. 2. After semicolon, we do not have an independent clause.

Choice C: heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming: Correct. 1. By turning “accounts” into “accounted”, not only the SV number agreement has been corrected but also the verb tenses have also been made consistent. 2. The verb-ing modifier “coming” correctly modifies the preceding noun.

Choice D: heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here.

Choice E: heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here. 2.Singular pronoun “it” does not agree in number with plural “increases”.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] New post 24 Sep 2012, 09:42
Hi folks,
This question has two sentences:
1- Increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised more heavily…"
2- The remainder of which came from the sales of…
Shouldn´t they be connected to each other in some way? In choice D they are correctly linked by WHILE, meanwhile in option C they aren´t linked anyway. Is it reason enough to choose answer D?

Thank you for your help.
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Re: GWD #22 V18 [#permalink] New post 18 Nov 2013, 20:26
egmat wrote:
Hi all,
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised.

Image

Error Analysis

1. The singular verb “accounts” does not agree in number with plural subject “increases”.
2. There is inconsistency in the use of verb tenses as well.
3. Relative pronoun “which” does not have clear referent here.

POE

Choice A: heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

Choice B: heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming: Incorrect. 1. “were what” is not required in the sentence. They make this choice wordy. 2. After semicolon, we do not have an independent clause.

Choice C: heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming: Correct. 1. By turning “accounts” into “accounted”, not only the SV number agreement has been corrected but also the verb tenses have also been made consistent. 2. The verb-ing modifier “coming” correctly modifies the preceding noun.

Choice D: heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here.

Choice E: heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here. 2.Singular pronoun “it” does not agree in number with plural “increases”.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha




Hi Shraddha,

If we used came in place of coming in option (C), would it be incorrect?
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] New post 19 Nov 2013, 06:20
anonimo wrote:
Hi folks,
This question has two sentences:
1- Increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised more heavily…"
2- The remainder of which came from the sales of…
Shouldn´t they be connected to each other in some way? In choice D they are correctly linked by WHILE, meanwhile in option C they aren´t linked anyway. Is it reason enough to choose answer D?

Thank you for your help.


2 is not a "sentence".

It is a modifier. It modifies "half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year". Hope that makes it clear for you.
Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on   [#permalink] 19 Nov 2013, 06:20
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