Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 02 Aug 2015, 17:18
GMAT Club Tests

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

According to a recent study of consumer spending on

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:
3 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 31 Oct 2011
Posts: 329
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 353 [3] , given: 18

According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] New post 12 May 2012, 16:04
3
This post received
KUDOS
5
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

63% (02:23) correct 37% (01:29) wrong based on 325 sessions
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised
very little.

A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 31 Oct 2011
Posts: 329
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 353 [0], given: 18

Re: GWD #22 V18 [#permalink] New post 12 May 2012, 16:10
I thought that C was grammatically incorrect because of the part "the remainder of the increase coming".

But some people say that the part mentioned above has any grammatical problems.
According to them, the structure of that part is "Norminative absolute", which I've never heard of.

I googled it and found this definition and examples.

a nominative absolute is a free-standing (absolute) part of a sentence that describes or modifies the main subject and verb. It is usually at the beginning or end of the sentence, although it can also appear in the middle. Its parallel is the ablative absolute in Latin, or the genitive absolute in Greek.

Ex) Their manes flowing, the horses ran from the burning barn.

What's the purpose of using this structure? seems really weird....
Current Student
User avatar
Affiliations: UWC
Joined: 09 May 2012
Posts: 399
Location: Canada
GMAT 1: 620 Q42 V33
GMAT 2: 680 Q44 V38
GPA: 3.43
WE: Engineering (Entertainment and Sports)
Followers: 27

Kudos [?]: 462 [0], given: 100

Reviews Badge
Re: GWD #22 V18 [#permalink] New post 12 May 2012, 22:01
This one's a tricky one; we need daagh and gyanone in on this...

I was stuck between C and E since I knew accounted had to be in the past tense.

E has a which followed by a clause so I was leaning towards C...
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 21 Feb 2012
Posts: 115
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GMAT 1: 600 Q49 V23
GPA: 3.8
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 49 [0], given: 15

Re: GWD #22 V18 [#permalink] New post 12 May 2012, 23:07
eybrj2 wrote:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming



Read the above stem this way:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications,[highlight]increases in the sales ...............heavily accounts for almost half ........ the remainder of which came[/highlight] from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised
very little.
Now go through options:
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came---> [highlight]wrong.This sentence uses present tense as well as past.[/highlight]
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming----> [highlight]'......increase in the sales.....heavily were what.....' makes no sense.So this one is incorrect.[/highlight]
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming-->[highlight]'...increases in the sales.......heavily accounted.....'.this one is correct.[/highlight]
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came--->[highlight]wrong[/highlight]
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming---> [highlight]wrong.[/highlight]

So C is the correct answer.
+1 for C




Plz give me kudos, if u like it !!
1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 21 Feb 2012
Posts: 115
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GMAT 1: 600 Q49 V23
GPA: 3.8
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 49 [1] , given: 15

Re: GWD #22 V18 [#permalink] New post 12 May 2012, 23:37
1
This post received
KUDOS
piyushksharma wrote:
eybrj2 wrote:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming



E is wrong.Read the full sentence now with option E.
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
The use of the word 'which' is not correct. which is redundant here . The presence of that makes it redundant.
Instead of '.....most heavily, which accounted for....', we could have used '.....most heavily that accounts for.........'.
Hope this helps.

Plz give me kudos, if u like it !!
Current Student
User avatar
Affiliations: UWC
Joined: 09 May 2012
Posts: 399
Location: Canada
GMAT 1: 620 Q42 V33
GMAT 2: 680 Q44 V38
GPA: 3.43
WE: Engineering (Entertainment and Sports)
Followers: 27

Kudos [?]: 462 [0], given: 100

Reviews Badge
Re: GWD #22 V18 [#permalink] New post 12 May 2012, 23:43
piyushksharma wrote:
piyushksharma wrote:
eybrj2 wrote:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming



E is wrong.Read the full sentence now with option E.
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
The use of the word 'which' is not correct. which is redundant here . The presence of that makes it redundant.
Instead of '.....most heavily, which accounted for....', we could have used '.....most heavily that accounts for.........'.
Hope this helps.

Plz give me kudos, if u like it !!


aha that makes sense...thanks..
Expert Post
2 KUDOS received
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 1868
Followers: 1594

Kudos [?]: 4787 [2] , given: 220

Re: GWD #22 V18 [#permalink] New post 14 May 2012, 06:04
2
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
Hi all,
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised.

Image

Error Analysis

1. The singular verb “accounts” does not agree in number with plural subject “increases”.
2. There is inconsistency in the use of verb tenses as well.
3. Relative pronoun “which” does not have clear referent here.

POE

Choice A: heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

Choice B: heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming: Incorrect. 1. “were what” is not required in the sentence. They make this choice wordy. 2. After semicolon, we do not have an independent clause.

Choice C: heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming: Correct. 1. By turning “accounts” into “accounted”, not only the SV number agreement has been corrected but also the verb tenses have also been made consistent. 2. The verb-ing modifier “coming” correctly modifies the preceding noun.

Choice D: heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here.

Choice E: heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here. 2.Singular pronoun “it” does not agree in number with plural “increases”.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________

Aiming to score 760+ on the GMAT? Attend our free webinars to learn how to:

[*] Master Number Properties
[*] Ace Critical Reasoning

The webinars will start at 7 AM PST on the 11th and 12th of July, 2015.

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 06 Apr 2012
Posts: 6
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 1

Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] New post 24 Sep 2012, 09:42
Hi folks,
This question has two sentences:
1- Increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised more heavily…"
2- The remainder of which came from the sales of…
Shouldn´t they be connected to each other in some way? In choice D they are correctly linked by WHILE, meanwhile in option C they aren´t linked anyway. Is it reason enough to choose answer D?

Thank you for your help.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 03 Dec 2012
Posts: 367
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 58 [0], given: 291

Re: GWD #22 V18 [#permalink] New post 18 Nov 2013, 20:26
egmat wrote:
Hi all,
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised.

Image

Error Analysis

1. The singular verb “accounts” does not agree in number with plural subject “increases”.
2. There is inconsistency in the use of verb tenses as well.
3. Relative pronoun “which” does not have clear referent here.

POE

Choice A: heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

Choice B: heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming: Incorrect. 1. “were what” is not required in the sentence. They make this choice wordy. 2. After semicolon, we do not have an independent clause.

Choice C: heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming: Correct. 1. By turning “accounts” into “accounted”, not only the SV number agreement has been corrected but also the verb tenses have also been made consistent. 2. The verb-ing modifier “coming” correctly modifies the preceding noun.

Choice D: heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here.

Choice E: heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here. 2.Singular pronoun “it” does not agree in number with plural “increases”.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha




Hi Shraddha,

If we used came in place of coming in option (C), would it be incorrect?
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 18 Aug 2006
Posts: 91
GPA: 3.44
WE: Consulting (Telecommunications)
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 37

GMAT ToolKit User
Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] New post 19 Nov 2013, 06:20
anonimo wrote:
Hi folks,
This question has two sentences:
1- Increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised more heavily…"
2- The remainder of which came from the sales of…
Shouldn´t they be connected to each other in some way? In choice D they are correctly linked by WHILE, meanwhile in option C they aren´t linked anyway. Is it reason enough to choose answer D?

Thank you for your help.


2 is not a "sentence".

It is a modifier. It modifies "half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year". Hope that makes it clear for you.
GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 4621
Followers: 494

Kudos [?]: 101 [0], given: 0

Premium Member
Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] New post 19 Feb 2015, 22:46
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 95
Schools: Haas '16, AGSM '16
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 13

GMAT ToolKit User
Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] New post 09 Mar 2015, 22:11
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised
very little.

According to a recent study ..., increases in the sales of ... drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of ... prescription medicines....

A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came

B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming

C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming

D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
fragment sentence

E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming
fragment sentence
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 28 Sep 2012
Posts: 13
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 8

GMAT ToolKit User
Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] New post 04 Jul 2015, 22:52
egmat wrote:
Hi all,
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised.

Image

Error Analysis

1. The singular verb “accounts” does not agree in number with plural subject “increases”.
2. There is inconsistency in the use of verb tenses as well.
3. Relative pronoun “which” does not have clear referent here.

POE

Choice A: heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

Choice B: heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming: Incorrect. 1. “were what” is not required in the sentence. They make this choice wordy. 2. After semicolon, we do not have an independent clause.

Choice C: heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming: Correct. 1. By turning “accounts” into “accounted”, not only the SV number agreement has been corrected but also the verb tenses have also been made consistent. 2. The verb-ing modifier “coming” correctly modifies the preceding noun.

Choice D: heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here.

Choice E: heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here. 2.Singular pronoun “it” does not agree in number with plural “increases”.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha


Hi Shraddha,

I have a query here. In the correct option C, the remainder of the increase coming from.... -now coming here is verb-ing modifier modifying the remainder so what is the verb of this part of the sentence. Doesn't this sentence lacks verb. Please clarify.

Thanks
SNeha
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 05 Jul 2015
Posts: 9
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] New post 28 Jul 2015, 22:53
in the question the subject is "increases in the sales " not "Increases", so the verb accounts must be correct as the phrase "increases in the sales " is singular. Increases wont account for something whereas increases in the sales accounts should be correct. please clarify this point.

According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came


B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming - Run on sentence. There is no working verb for the subject remainder after the semi colon.

C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came - Run on sentence. no working verb for the main subject. Commas were introduced but no conjunctions here.
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming. No working verb for the main sentence.

Hence left with option A and C.
In A there is no clear referent for Which.

Hence C is the winner.
Expert Post
Retired Moderator
avatar
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 2377
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Followers: 334

Kudos [?]: 2451 [0], given: 262

Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] New post 29 Jul 2015, 09:50
Expert's post
We will quickly dismiss B, D and E for being fragments, as there are no working verbs in some parts of these clauses. Incidentally, they are called fragments and not run-on sentences.

A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came ---- The singular ‘accounts for’ is wrong; the subject 'increases' is certainly plural; secondly the use of 'accounts for' is wrong tense; it should be in past tense to avoid the shift of tense

C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming - the correct choice.

It may please be noted that if a modifier is a phrase, it will not have a working verb; hence it is not called a clause. All the adverbial modifiers, adjectival –ed- modifiers or appositives that are nouns or noun phrases will not each have a verb of their own; of course, if a modifier is a relative clause, it will have verb, but you see, it is a clause while others are phrases.
_________________

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on   [#permalink] 29 Jul 2015, 09:50
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
2 According to a recent study of consumer spending on licampus 8 04 Sep 2010, 04:19
According to a recent study of consumer spending on KC 2 23 Oct 2006, 12:56
5 Experts publish their posts in the topic Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on nakib77 12 14 Oct 2005, 12:27
According to a recent study, the elderly in the United ywilfred 1 02 Sep 2005, 05:15
According to a recent study by Rutgers University, the pjreddy_rec 6 23 Aug 2005, 15:44
Display posts from previous: Sort by

According to a recent study of consumer spending on

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.