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# According to a recent study of consumer spending on

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According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

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12 May 2012, 17:04
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According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little. A. heavily accounts for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming C. heavily accounted for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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12 May 2012, 17:10
I thought that C was grammatically incorrect because of the part "the remainder of the increase coming".

But some people say that the part mentioned above has any grammatical problems.
According to them, the structure of that part is "Norminative absolute", which I've never heard of.

I googled it and found this definition and examples.

a nominative absolute is a free-standing (absolute) part of a sentence that describes or modifies the main subject and verb. It is usually at the beginning or end of the sentence, although it can also appear in the middle. Its parallel is the ablative absolute in Latin, or the genitive absolute in Greek.

Ex) Their manes flowing, the horses ran from the burning barn.

What's the purpose of using this structure? seems really weird....
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12 May 2012, 23:01
This one's a tricky one; we need daagh and gyanone in on this...

I was stuck between C and E since I knew accounted had to be in the past tense.

E has a which followed by a clause so I was leaning towards C...
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13 May 2012, 00:07
eybrj2 wrote:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little. A. heavily accounts for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming C. heavily accounted for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming

Read the above stem this way:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications,[highlight]increases in the sales ...............heavily accounts for almost half ........ the remainder of which came[/highlight] from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised
very little.
Now go through options:
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came---> [highlight]wrong.This sentence uses present tense as well as past.[/highlight] B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming----> [highlight]'......increase in the sales.....heavily were what.....' makes no sense.So this one is incorrect.[/highlight]
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming-->[highlight]'...increases in the sales.......heavily accounted.....'.this one is correct.[/highlight] D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came--->[highlight]wrong[/highlight]
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming---> [highlight]wrong.[/highlight] So C is the correct answer. +1 for C Plz give me kudos, if u like it !! Manager Joined: 21 Feb 2012 Posts: 115 Location: India Concentration: Finance, General Management GMAT 1: 600 Q49 V23 GPA: 3.8 WE: Information Technology (Computer Software) Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 80 [2] , given: 15 Re: GWD #22 V18 [#permalink] ### Show Tags 13 May 2012, 00:37 2 This post received KUDOS piyushksharma wrote: eybrj2 wrote: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming E is wrong.Read the full sentence now with option E. According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily, which accounted for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
The use of the word 'which' is not correct. which is redundant here . The presence of that makes it redundant.
Instead of '.....most heavily, which accounted for....', we could have used '.....most heavily that accounts for.........'.
Hope this helps.

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13 May 2012, 00:43
piyushksharma wrote:
piyushksharma wrote:
eybrj2 wrote:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little. A. heavily accounts for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming C. heavily accounted for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming

E is wrong.Read the full sentence now with option E.
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little. The use of the word 'which' is not correct. which is redundant here . The presence of that makes it redundant. Instead of '.....most heavily, which accounted for....', we could have used '.....most heavily that accounts for.........'. Hope this helps. Plz give me kudos, if u like it !! aha that makes sense...thanks.. e-GMAT Representative Joined: 02 Nov 2011 Posts: 1943 Followers: 1837 Kudos [?]: 5929 [2] , given: 246 Re: GWD #22 V18 [#permalink] ### Show Tags 14 May 2012, 07:04 2 This post received KUDOS Expert's post Hi all, According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised.

Error Analysis

1. The singular verb “accounts” does not agree in number with plural subject “increases”.
2. There is inconsistency in the use of verb tenses as well.
3. Relative pronoun “which” does not have clear referent here.

POE

Choice A: heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came: Incorrect for the reasons stated above. Choice B: heavily were what accounted for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming: Incorrect. 1. “were what” is not required in the sentence. They make this choice wordy. 2. After semicolon, we do not have an independent clause.

Choice C: heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming: Correct. 1. By turning “accounts” into “accounted”, not only the SV number agreement has been corrected but also the verb tenses have also been made consistent. 2. The verb-ing modifier “coming” correctly modifies the preceding noun. Choice D: heavily, accounting for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here.

Choice E: heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here. 2.Singular pronoun “it” does not agree in number with plural “increases”. Hope this helps. Thanks. Shraddha _________________ Aiming to score 760+ on the GMAT? Attend our free webinars to learn how to: [*] Master Number Properties [*] Ace Critical Reasoning The webinars will start at 7 AM PST on the 11th and 12th of July, 2015. Intern Joined: 06 Apr 2012 Posts: 35 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 11 Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] ### Show Tags 24 Sep 2012, 10:42 Hi folks, This question has two sentences: 1- Increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised more heavily…" 2- The remainder of which came from the sales of… Shouldn´t they be connected to each other in some way? In choice D they are correctly linked by WHILE, meanwhile in option C they aren´t linked anyway. Is it reason enough to choose answer D? Thank you for your help. Senior Manager Joined: 03 Dec 2012 Posts: 367 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 87 [0], given: 291 Re: GWD #22 V18 [#permalink] ### Show Tags 18 Nov 2013, 21:26 egmat wrote: Hi all, According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised.

Error Analysis

1. The singular verb “accounts” does not agree in number with plural subject “increases”.
2. There is inconsistency in the use of verb tenses as well.
3. Relative pronoun “which” does not have clear referent here.

POE

Choice A: heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came: Incorrect for the reasons stated above. Choice B: heavily were what accounted for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming: Incorrect. 1. “were what” is not required in the sentence. They make this choice wordy. 2. After semicolon, we do not have an independent clause.

Choice C: heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming: Correct. 1. By turning “accounts” into “accounted”, not only the SV number agreement has been corrected but also the verb tenses have also been made consistent. 2. The verb-ing modifier “coming” correctly modifies the preceding noun. Choice D: heavily, accounting for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here.

Choice E: heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here. 2.Singular pronoun “it” does not agree in number with plural “increases”. Hope this helps. Thanks. Shraddha Hi Shraddha, If we used came in place of coming in option (C), would it be incorrect? Manager Joined: 18 Aug 2006 Posts: 118 Location: United States WE: Consulting (Telecommunications) Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 38 [0], given: 44 Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] ### Show Tags 19 Nov 2013, 07:20 anonimo wrote: Hi folks, This question has two sentences: 1- Increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised more heavily…" 2- The remainder of which came from the sales of… Shouldn´t they be connected to each other in some way? In choice D they are correctly linked by WHILE, meanwhile in option C they aren´t linked anyway. Is it reason enough to choose answer D? Thank you for your help. 2 is not a "sentence". It is a modifier. It modifies "half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year". Hope that makes it clear for you.
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2015, 23:46
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2015, 23:11
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little. According to a recent study ..., increases in the sales of ... drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of ... prescription medicines....

A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming

C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
fragment sentence

E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming fragment sentence Intern Joined: 29 Sep 2012 Posts: 13 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 8 Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] ### Show Tags 04 Jul 2015, 23:52 egmat wrote: Hi all, According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised.

Error Analysis

1. The singular verb “accounts” does not agree in number with plural subject “increases”.
2. There is inconsistency in the use of verb tenses as well.
3. Relative pronoun “which” does not have clear referent here.

POE

Choice A: heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came: Incorrect for the reasons stated above. Choice B: heavily were what accounted for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming: Incorrect. 1. “were what” is not required in the sentence. They make this choice wordy. 2. After semicolon, we do not have an independent clause.

Choice C: heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming: Correct. 1. By turning “accounts” into “accounted”, not only the SV number agreement has been corrected but also the verb tenses have also been made consistent. 2. The verb-ing modifier “coming” correctly modifies the preceding noun. Choice D: heavily, accounting for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here.

Choice E: heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here. 2.Singular pronoun “it” does not agree in number with plural “increases”. Hope this helps. Thanks. Shraddha Hi Shraddha, I have a query here. In the correct option C, the remainder of the increase coming from.... -now coming here is verb-ing modifier modifying the remainder so what is the verb of this part of the sentence. Doesn't this sentence lacks verb. Please clarify. Thanks SNeha Intern Joined: 05 Jul 2015 Posts: 11 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0 Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] ### Show Tags 28 Jul 2015, 23:53 in the question the subject is "increases in the sales " not "Increases", so the verb accounts must be correct as the phrase "increases in the sales " is singular. Increases wont account for something whereas increases in the sales accounts should be correct. please clarify this point. According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming - Run on sentence. There is no working verb for the subject remainder after the semi colon.

C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came - Run on sentence. no working verb for the main subject. Commas were introduced but no conjunctions here.
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming. No working verb for the main sentence. Hence left with option A and C. In A there is no clear referent for Which. Hence C is the winner. Retired Moderator Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying Joined: 19 Feb 2007 Posts: 3505 Location: India WE: Education (Education) Followers: 498 Kudos [?]: 4079 [0], given: 320 Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] ### Show Tags 29 Jul 2015, 10:50 Expert's post We will quickly dismiss B, D and E for being fragments, as there are no working verbs in some parts of these clauses. Incidentally, they are called fragments and not run-on sentences. A. heavily accounts for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came ---- The singular ‘accounts for’ is wrong; the subject 'increases' is certainly plural; secondly the use of 'accounts for' is wrong tense; it should be in past tense to avoid the shift of tense

C. heavily accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming - the correct choice.

It may please be noted that if a modifier is a phrase, it will not have a working verb; hence it is not called a clause. All the adverbial modifiers, adjectival –ed- modifiers or appositives that are nouns or noun phrases will not each have a verb of their own; of course, if a modifier is a relative clause, it will have verb, but you see, it is a clause while others are phrases.
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

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08 May 2016, 02:09
I still think that c not correct grammatically. Though it does seem to be the best choice. Also, normative absolute does seem to do the trick but normative absolute is suited more to rhetorical writing and therefore looks ill suited for the academic writing in the question.
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on   [#permalink] 08 May 2016, 02:09
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