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# According to a review of 38 studies of patients suffering

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According to a review of 38 studies of patients suffering [#permalink]

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25 May 2009, 09:36
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According to a review of 38 studies of patients suffering from water retention, a large majority of the patients reported that fasting eased their suffering considerably. Yet fasting is not used to treat water retention even though the conventional medications often has serious side effects.

Which of the following, if true, best explains the fact that fasting is not used as a treatment for water retention?

(A) For a small percentage of patients with water retention, fasting induces a temporary sense of nausea
(B) Getting patients with water retention to fast regularly is more difficult than getting healthy patients to do so.
(C) Fasting regularly over a long period of time can lead to temporary impairment of balance comparable to that induced by consuming several ounces of alcohol.
(D) The dramatic shifts in water retention connected with fasting have not been traced to particular changes in brain chemistry.
(E) The water retention returns in full force as soon as the fast is broken by even a small meal.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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25 May 2009, 17:20
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IMO E

According to a review of 38 studies of patients suffering from water retention, a large majority of the patients reported that fasting eased their suffering considerably. Yet fasting is not used to treat water retention even though the conventional medications often has serious side effects.

Which of the following, if true, best explains the fact that fasting is not used as a treatment for water retention?

A. For a small percentage of patients with water retention, fasting induces a temporary sense of nausea --> irrelevant
B. Getting patients with water retention to fast regularly is more difficult than getting healthy patients to do so -->irrelevant
C. Fasting regularly over a long period of time can lead to temporary impairment of balance comparable to that induced by consuming several ounces of alcohol -->not too clear
D. The dramatic shifts in water retention connected with fasting have not been traced to particular changes in brain chemistry -->irrelevant
E. The water retention returns in full force as soon as the fast is broken by even a small meal -->the best: after stop fasting, water retention turns back in full force --> fasting is not used for treating water retention
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25 May 2009, 18:20
Between C and E , I will go with C however E is also a strong contender

C. Fasting regularly over a long period of time can lead to temporary impairment of balance comparable to that induced by consuming several ounces of alcohol --> This can be a reason as Fasting regularly can cause temporary impairment

E. The water retention returns in full force as soon as the fast is broken by even a small meal --> Water retention was already there without fasting and Fasting provides a temp. relief to the patient.So, Fasting should be used.
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26 May 2009, 02:01
C. Fasting regularly over a long period of time can lead to temporary impairment of balance comparable to that induced by consuming several ounces of alcohol.-> spoiler there is nothing that hints in the question about

E. The water retention returns in full force as soon as the fast is broken by even a small meal.-> Correct, even if used as a solution, it fails the moment fast is broken so of no use as a solution thus E for me.
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26 May 2009, 04:36
Can we have the OA please?
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27 May 2009, 00:23
rahulg83 wrote:
Can we have the OA please?

OA:E
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27 May 2009, 00:27
mbaMission wrote:
According to a review of 38 studies of patients suffering from water retention, a large majority of the patients reported that fasting eased their suffering considerably. Yet fasting is not used to treat water retention even though the conventional medications often has serious side effects.

Which of the following, if true, best explains the fact that fasting is not used as a treatment for water retention?

A. For a small percentage of patients with water retention, fasting induces a temporary sense of nausea
B. Getting patients with water retention to fast regularly is more difficult than getting healthy patients to do so.
C. Fasting regularly over a long period of time can lead to temporary impairment of balance comparable to that induced by consuming several ounces of alcohol.
D. The dramatic shifts in water retention connected with fasting have not been traced to particular changes in brain chemistry.
E. The water retention returns in full force as soon as the fast is broken by even a small meal.

Contenders are C and E.

With option C IMO Fasting regularly and that too over a long period can lead to temporary impairment of balance comparable to that induced by consuming several ounces of alcohol.

Finally, E makes more sense
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15 Apr 2010, 05:16
I will go with E

it is the strongest contender
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15 Apr 2010, 09:14
stem: fasting, according to the patients, eased their suffering -water retention - considerably.
Counter-stem: fasting is not recommended for water retention even though conventional medications often have serious side effects.

question: justify why fasting is actually NOT used as a treatment for water retention.

Possibility is that, while fasting, the symptoms of water retention where masked, and that the report (suggesting ease in suffering) was taken during fasting....this is exactly what option E states.
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15 Apr 2010, 11:21
My pick is E) The water retention returns in full force as soon as the fast is broken by even a small meal
Basically, it states that fasting can only briefly fix the problem because people at some point have to eat.

C was tempting at first but it refers to an effect of fasting that has no connection on whether it can keep water retention down "directly" so I put it out of scope.
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16 Apr 2010, 00:25
hey...there is another question just like this ....
depression and missing sleep ...what do you reckon is the source of this question
Of course E is the answer for both the questions.
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06 Sep 2010, 22:56
E.
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08 Sep 2010, 12:48
mbaMission wrote:
According to a review of 38 studies of patients suffering from water retention, a large majority of the patients reported that fasting eased their suffering considerably. Yet fasting is not used to treat water retention even though the conventional medications often has serious side effects.

Which of the following, if true, best explains the fact that fasting is not used as a treatment for water retention?

(A) For a small percentage of patients with water retention, fasting induces a temporary sense of nausea
(B) Getting patients with water retention to fast regularly is more difficult than getting healthy patients to do so.
(C) Fasting regularly over a long period of time can lead to temporary impairment of balance comparable to that induced by consuming several ounces of alcohol.
(D) The dramatic shifts in water retention connected with fasting have not been traced to particular changes in brain chemistry.
(E) The water retention returns in full force as soon as the fast is broken by even a small meal. Humans cannot fast forever. So at some point the fast has to be broken. A treatment is meant to soothe the ailment but in this case fasting can cause the issue to worsen so how can it be a treatment?

[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
E
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08 Sep 2010, 12:48
By the way...

There is a similar question in the OG some where that talks about using sleep deprivation as a treatment for depression. What is the source of this question?
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08 Sep 2010, 17:58
I will go with E.

We have to find out the demerits of Fasting. C and E both state that but in C the effect is temporary. In E as song as the patient is fasting, he is ok. But as he cannot fast forever, he has to break it and then the problem of water retention comes back.

So its E
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08 Sep 2010, 19:52
E indeed.
C says it temporarily causes ..blah blah... which means the fix has actually worked and in a few hours or days... the patient will be fine.... so C is not the answer.
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11 Sep 2010, 00:00
As someone pointed out....there is an exact similar Q like this - in the gmatprep...... So made the choice all the more easier - E
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19 Apr 2011, 04:27
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19 Apr 2011, 05:06
E
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19 Apr 2011, 08:16
E seems correct. States that fasting is only a temp fix.

C. A bit out of scope, also if a temp buzzed feeling was the only drawback that would be ok seeing as the other treatments had side effects as well.
Re: water retention   [#permalink] 19 Apr 2011, 08:16

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