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According to a study published by Dr. Myrna Weissman, only

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According to a study published by Dr. Myrna Weissman, only [#permalink] New post 13 Jun 2006, 22:54
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According to a study published by Dr. Myrna Weissman, only one percent of Americans born before 1905 had suffered major depression by the age of seventy-five; of those born since 1955, six percent had become depressed by age twenty-four.

(A) only one percent of Americans born before 1905 had suffered major depression by the age of seventy-five; of those born since 1955, six percent had become depressed by age twenty-four
(B) only one percent of Americans born before 1905 suffer major depression by the age of seventy-five; if they are born since 1955, six percent become depressed by age twenty-four
(C) of Americans born before 1905, only one percent of them have suffered major depression by age seventy-five, but six percent of those born since 1955 do by the age of twenty-four
(D) major depression is suffered by the age of seventy-five by only one percent of Americans born before 1905, and by age twenty-four by the six percent born since 1955
(E) Americans born before 1905 suffer major depression by the age of seventy-five only one percent of the time, but six percent of those born since 1955 did so by age twenty-four

Edited for clarity 8-)
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 [#permalink] New post 13 Jun 2006, 23:08
Choice (C) rightly uses the word 'suffered' and the best in the lot.
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 [#permalink] New post 13 Jun 2006, 23:18
In option A, '....had become depressed...' does'nt sound right in the sentence.
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 [#permalink] New post 14 Jun 2006, 00:11
^ A ^

All of the other choices use present simple "suffer" / "is suffered" and present perfect "have suffered". These cannot be possible because we are talking about 1950s. It should be past tense.
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 [#permalink] New post 14 Jun 2006, 10:45
Close between A and C:

A) only one percent of Americans born before 1905 had suffered major depression by the age of seventy-five; of those born since 1955, six percent had become depressed by age twenty-four

(C) of Americans born before 1905, only one percent of them have suffered major depression by age seventy-five, but six percent of those born since 1955 do by the age of twenty-four

since the research was already done and published, I think A will make more sense here.
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 [#permalink] New post 14 Jun 2006, 11:26
A.

Although 'had become depressed' sounds bad, in C 'do by the age of 24' sounds worse... Do what?
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 [#permalink] New post 14 Jun 2006, 12:14
Take GMAT to avoid depression by the age of 24.. :P

paddyboy wrote:
A.

Although 'had become depressed' sounds bad, in C 'do by the age of 24' sounds worse... Do what?
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 [#permalink] New post 25 Aug 2006, 06:52
I understand the need for past perfect that is referred to in Ans A, but could someone explain how the use of ';' is correct in A?

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 [#permalink] New post 25 Aug 2006, 07:22
We use "had" with earlier action, when we are comparing two actions. In this case, suffering major depression happened before they reached 75. So, I think we have to say "had suffered".
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 [#permalink] New post 25 Aug 2006, 08:57
jjhko wrote:
I understand the need for past perfect that is referred to in Ans A, but could someone explain how the use of ';' is correct in A?

Thanks,
jjhko


Know this about our ubiquitous friend, the ---> ; (It's possible that understanding this one mark might earn you an extra verbal point come G-Day.)

In English, the semicolon has two main purposes:

It binds two sentences more closely than they would be if separated by a period. It often replaces a conjunction such as and or but. Writers might consider this appropriate where they are trying to indicate a close relationship between two sentences, or a 'run-on' in meaning from one to the next; they don't wish the connection to be broken by the abrupt use of a full-stop.

It is used as a stronger division than a comma, or a "super comma" to make meaning clear in a sentence where commas are already being used for other purposes. A common example of this use is to separate the items of a list when some of the items themselves contain commas.
There are several rules that govern semicolon placement:

Use a semicolon between closely related independent clauses not joined by a coordinating conjunction: "I went to the store; it was closed."
Use a semicolon between independent clauses linked with a transitional phrase or conjunctive adverb: "I like to ride horses; however, they don't like to be ridden by me."
Use a semicolon between items in a series containing internal punctuation: "There are several Waffle Houses in Atlanta, Georgia; Greenville, South Carolina; Pensacola, Florida; and Mobile, Alabama."
A semicolon can be used to separate independent clauses that are joined by coordinating conjunctions when the clauses have internal commas that might lead to misreading: "After the game, I won a red beanie baby, four edible ingots, and a certificate of excellence; but when the storm came, I lost it all in a torrent of sleet, snow, and profanity."

Semicolons are always followed by a lower case letter, unless that letter begins a proper noun. Semicolons are placed after closing quotation marks.


Examples
I am alone; my wife had to leave.

I travelled to London, England; Tijuana, Mexico; and Reykjavík, Iceland.

Lisa scored 2,845,770 points; Marcia, 2,312,860; and Jeff, 1,726,640.

According to a study published by Dr. Myrna Weissman, only one percent of Americans born before 1905 suffer major depression by the age of seventy-five; if they are born since 1955, six percent become depressed by age twenty-four
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 [#permalink] New post 25 Aug 2006, 09:35
Although A and C are close, the "do" in C makes it clear that (A) is the right option
  [#permalink] 25 Aug 2006, 09:35
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