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According to a study published by Dr. Myrna Weissman, only [#permalink]
13 Jun 2006, 23:54
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According to a study published by Dr. Myrna Weissman, only one percent of Americans born before 1905 had suffered major depression by the age of seventy-five; of those born since 1955, six percent had become depressed by age twenty-four.
(A) only one percent of Americans born before 1905 had suffered major depression by the age of seventy-five; of those born since 1955, six percent had become depressed by age twenty-four
(B) only one percent of Americans born before 1905 suffer major depression by the age of seventy-five; if they are born since 1955, six percent become depressed by age twenty-four
(C) of Americans born before 1905, only one percent of them have suffered major depression by age seventy-five, but six percent of those born since 1955 do by the age of twenty-four
(D) major depression is suffered by the age of seventy-five by only one percent of Americans born before 1905, and by age twenty-four by the six percent born since 1955
(E) Americans born before 1905 suffer major depression by the age of seventy-five only one percent of the time, but six percent of those born since 1955 did so by age twenty-four
We use "had" with earlier action, when we are comparing two actions. In this case, suffering major depression happened before they reached 75. So, I think we have to say "had suffered".
The path is long, but self-surrender makes it short;
the way is difficult, but perfect trust makes it easy.
I understand the need for past perfect that is referred to in Ans A, but could someone explain how the use of ';' is correct in A?
Know this about our ubiquitous friend, the ---> ;(It's possible that understanding this one mark might earn you an extra verbal point come G-Day.)
In English, the semicolon has two main purposes:
It binds two sentences more closely than they would be if separated by a period. It often replaces a conjunction such as and or but. Writers might consider this appropriate where they are trying to indicate a close relationship between two sentences, or a 'run-on' in meaning from one to the next; they don't wish the connection to be broken by the abrupt use of a full-stop.
It is used as a stronger division than a comma, or a "super comma" to make meaning clear in a sentence where commas are already being used for other purposes. A common example of this use is to separate the items of a list when some of the items themselves contain commas. There are several rules that govern semicolon placement:
Use a semicolon between closely related independent clauses not joined by a coordinating conjunction: "I went to the store; it was closed." Use a semicolon between independent clauses linked with a transitional phrase or conjunctive adverb: "I like to ride horses; however, they don't like to be ridden by me." Use a semicolon between items in a series containing internal punctuation: "There are several Waffle Houses in Atlanta, Georgia; Greenville, South Carolina; Pensacola, Florida; and Mobile, Alabama." A semicolon can be used to separate independent clauses that are joined by coordinating conjunctions when the clauses have internal commas that might lead to misreading: "After the game, I won a red beanie baby, four edible ingots, and a certificate of excellence; but when the storm came, I lost it all in a torrent of sleet, snow, and profanity."
Semicolons are always followed by a lower case letter, unless that letter begins a proper noun. Semicolons are placed after closing quotation marks.
Examples I am alone; my wife had to leave.
I travelled to London, England; Tijuana, Mexico; and ReykjavÃk, Iceland.
Lisa scored 2,845,770 points; Marcia, 2,312,860; and Jeff, 1,726,640.
According to a study published by Dr. Myrna Weissman, only one percent of Americans born before 1905 suffer major depression by the age of seventy-five; if they are born since 1955, six percent become depressed by age twenty-four