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Well, technically, it would be "X is Y times as likely as Z to do something". That's the full on comparison construction. But yes, the two things have to be nouns, because the verb comes after the Z (to do something).
Can u plz explain how (or if) 'more likely' can be used? Not just in this example, but in general. e.g., is it right to say, "X is more likely to succeed than Y"?
Werewolf: I think I overemphasized this issue. A and B have tons of other problems, and it may be legit to say "four times more likely." However, D is definitely wrong, because it can't be four times more likely with nothing to compare to grammatically.
I also want to address Ramana's issue, which was also sent to be privately by another student. The preferred form is "plan to VERB." I don't know for certain is the correct answer choice here would be correct on the GMAT. Just know the preferred form, and that this form is also possible. I doubt you'll ever be asked to make a direct choice between the two, with no other issues to look at.
Tommy Wallach | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | San Francisco
Tommy Is "four times more likely than" illegal? If C used that instead of as likely as, would that be a problem? Thanks
I was asked by private message to take this one on, even though there has been plenty of great stuff written already. Here we go:
This is a comparison question, so the whole point is to make sure we're comparing the right two things, and using the correct terminology.
42. According to a survey of graduating medical students conducted by the Association of American Medical Colleges, minority graduates are nearly four times more likely than are other graduates in planning to practice in socioeconomically deprived areas. (A) minority graduates are nearly four times more likely than are other graduates in planning to practice PROBLEM: Should be "four times AS likely AS other graduates TO plan". That's a three-fer!
(B) minority graduates are nearly four times more likely than other graduates who plan on practicing PROBLEM: Again "four times AS likely AS other graduates TO plan". This one doesn't ever complete, because the "who" opens up a new modifier, and we never return to the main clause.
(C) minority graduates are nearly four times as likely as other graduates to plan on practicing CORRECT.
(D) it is nearly four times more likely that minority graduates rather than other graduates will plan to practice PROBLEM: "Four times AS likely" and RATHER THAN implies preference, which makes no sense here. Also, it's totally unclear what's being compared.
(E) it is nearly four times as likely for minority graduates than other graduates to plan to practice PROBLEM: "for minority graduates than other graduates" makes absolutely no sense at all. Where's the comparison?
First of all, "more likely than" and "as likely as" are bothe correct. But "more likely that" and "as likely for" are unidiomatic. Hence we are left with A B and C
A can be ruled out because the two portions being compared by "more likely than" are not parallel. "Minority graduates" and "are other graduates". Instead it should be "minority graduates" and "other graduates". Hence we are left with B and C
One rule to keep in mind is that infinitives are preferred when a certain action will occur in future. Hence in this case "to plan" is preferred. Also, option B compares "minority graduates" with "other graduates who plan on practicing" which is not correct.
E has a serious grammatical flaw. -[highlight]As[/highlight]likely for minority graduates [highlight]than[/highlight]other graduates – can never co exist. If some source says E is the OA, it must be typo
We are basically saying that minority students are more likely to serve in poor area than other grads students.
minority grads: 1 out of 4 Other grads: 1 out of 10
C: Changes the meaning of the sentence... as likely as => the same probability as other grads...
So C is out...
...so left with A and B...
A is clear : Minority grads ...are more likely ... to practice in poor areas..
Ans is: A
??? any thoughts
A can not be answer because comparison is not correct. 42. According to a survey of graduating medical students conducted by the Association of American Medical Colleges, minority graduates are nearly four times more likely than are other graduates in planning to practice in socioeconomically deprived areas. (A) minority graduates are nearly four times more likely than are other graduates in planning to practice
Minority graduates should be compared with "other graduates" not with "are other graduates" . To see it. (A) minority graduates are [strike]nearly four times[/strike] more likely than are other graduates.... A is more likely than B. Here A should be parallel to B.
I hope my explanation will help. Please press +1 if it indeed.
"Giving kudos" is a decent way to say "Thanks" and motivate contributors.Please use them, it won't cost you anything. Thanks Rphardu
Re: According to a survey of graduating medical students [#permalink]
01 May 2013, 21:18
I was left with B and C. I chose B because it has 'more likely than' as in original sentence. 'as likely as' changes the meaning right? Original sentence is saying 'more likely than'. We should see that the meaning change does not happen.Why cant B be the answer which says 'more likely than'. If there is no change in meaning and if they both are idiomatically correct, then what is the difference between these clauses. Are they interchangeable?
However, I've always known that the correct idiom is "plan to", not "plan on".
If that's the case, how does one determine if we should judge the sentence's answer by "as likely as" or "plan to"?
Sorry, but as per my source, OA is E.
plan something out
to make thorough plans for something. Let us sit down and plan our strategy out. We sat down and planned out our strategy.
plan for someone
to prepare enough [of something] for someone. Fred just called and said he can show up for dinner after all. Please plan for him. Tony wasn't planned for, and there is no place for him to sit.
plan for something
1. to prepare for something. I need to take some time and plan for my retirement. We carefully planned for almost every possibility. 2. to prepare or estimate for a certain number [of people or things]. I am planning for twelve. I hope everyone can come.
plan on someone
to be ready for someone; to anticipate someone's arrival. Don't plan on Sam. He has a cold and probably won't come. We are planning on Ted and Bill.
plan on something
to prepare for something; to be ready for something; to anticipate something. If I were you, I would plan on a big crowd at your open house. This was not planned on.