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According to findings derived from...

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According to findings derived from... [#permalink] New post 22 Sep 2013, 03:43
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A
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C
D
E

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  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

50% (01:40) correct 50% (00:54) wrong based on 122 sessions
According to findings derived from functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the area of the brain in which a second or third language is stored depends on the age of the language learner; whereas each language occupies a distinct area of the brain in an adult learner, language areas overlap in a young child.

(A) whereas each language occupies a distinct area of the brain in an adult learner,
(B) whereas for adults each language occupies a distinct area of the brain and
(C) each language occupies a distinct area of the brain when they are learned by an adult, while
(D) each language in adults occupied a distinct area of the brain, while
(E) each language occupying a distinct area of the brain for an adult learner, and

I will post the OA soon. Please explain the answer.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by gmatter0913 on 22 Sep 2013, 04:07, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: According to findings derived from... [#permalink] New post 22 Sep 2013, 03:57
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According to findings derived from functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the area of the brain in which a second or third language is stored depends on the age of the language learner; whereas each language occupies a distinct area of the brain in an adult learner, language areas overlap in a young child.

(A) whereas each language occupies a distinct area of the brain in an adult learner, - CORRECT

(B) whereas for adults each language occupies a distinct area of the brain and - Use of WHEREAS & AND together is incorrect. Both words mean different things. Thus Incorrect.

(C) each language occupies a distinct area of the brain when they are learned by an adult, while - Singular antecedent "Each Language" require singular pronoun and not plural. Moreover, WHEN is incorrectly used. Thus Incorrect

(D) each language in adults occupied a distinct area of the brain, while - This option means that in the past language occupied a certain area of the brain, but not it doesn't. Changes the meaning. Thus Incorrect

(E) each language occupying a distinct area of the brain for an adult learner, and - This sentence is a big run-on and fragment as OCCUPYING is acting as a modifier. Thus Incorrect.

Hope this will help many to come
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Senior Manager
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Re: According to findings derived from... [#permalink] New post 22 Sep 2013, 04:03
Yeah!! For some reason my mind told me "whereas" is not a proper construction.

Can the sub-ordinate clause be separated by a semi-colon?

Is the sentence after the semi-colon in option A a complete sentence? Can it stand on its own?
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Re: According to findings derived from... [#permalink] New post 22 Sep 2013, 04:15
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gmatter0913 wrote:
Can the sub-ordinate clause be separated by a semi-colon?

The answer is NO

gmatter0913 wrote:
Is the sentence after the semi-colon in option A a complete sentence? Can it stand on its own?

The structure of option A is
Clause 1 + ; + Clause 2

The structure of Clause 2 is
Dependent Clause A + , + Independent Clause B

We can also write The structure of Clause 2 as
Independent Clause B Dependent Clause A
Observe there is no COMMA before Dependent clause

I hope this answers all of your queries
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Re: According to findings derived from... [#permalink] New post 26 Sep 2013, 04:00
Hello fameatop,

Can you please detail the correct usage of "When". Its been increasingly used in incorrect answer choices, so just want to make sure how "When" works.

Thanks
Himanshu
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Re: According to findings derived from... [#permalink] New post 26 Sep 2013, 07:34
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imhimanshu wrote:
Hello fameatop,

Can you please detail the correct usage of "When". Its been increasingly used in incorrect answer choices, so just want to make sure how "When" works.

Thanks
Himanshu

If you are asking about option C then apart from "when", there is another error --> use of plural pronoun "they" to refer to singular noun "each language".

You can find a very good explanation of the usage of "when" by e-gmat in their blog:
http://e-gmat.com/blogs/?p=169

Kudos please if my reply helped you :)
Re: According to findings derived from...   [#permalink] 26 Sep 2013, 07:34
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