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According to its proponents, a proposed new style of

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According to its proponents, a proposed new style of [#permalink] New post 14 May 2008, 10:38
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According to its proponents, a proposed new style of aircraft could, by skimming along the top of the atmosphere, fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.

A. According to its proponents, a proposed new style of aircraft could, by skimming along the top of the atmosphere, fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.
B. By skimming along the top of the atmosphere, proponents of a proposed new style of aircraft say it could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.
C. A proposed new style of aircraft could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours, according to its proponents, with it skimming along the top of the atmosphere.
D. A proposed new style of aircraft, say its proponents, could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours because of its skimming along the top of the atmosphere.
E. According to its proponents, skimming along the top of the atmosphere makes it possible that a proposed new style of aircraft could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Zarrolou on 04 Aug 2013, 22:08, edited 1 time in total.
Added OA.
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Re: According to its proponents, a proposed new style of [#permalink] New post 02 Jan 2013, 22:14
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How can 'a proposed new style' fly?

Yes Styles can fly. "Style" here means "model".
e.g. New hybrid "model" of Toyota Camry consumes less gas. Similarly this new proposed style of aircraft can fly!

Therefore, A is the correct answer.
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Re: According to its proponents, a proposed new style of [#permalink] New post 26 Aug 2013, 10:29
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Hi umesh

For your first question: Who is flying ? Aircraft or new style? Sentence says Style.
This sentence uses a rare structure: (noun + preposition) ==> acts as an adjective.
For example: I have a great deal of experience in introducing new products to international markets.
"deal" is a noun. the noun "deal" itself means nothing if it does not have the modifier to know what you're actually talking about (you're talking about "experience").
"a great deal of" = adjective ==> means a lot.

Back to your question, "a new style OF aircraft" follows the same structure. "a new style" can't fly for sure. If you just stop at "a new style", you mean nothing.
"a new style OF aircraft" conveys different meaning. It talks about an aircraft actually. Thus, an aircraft can fly.

For your second question:Who is skimming? Proponents or Aircraft? Sentence says Proponents.
"by skimming...." is modifier ==> It should modify a preceding noun/noun phrase. Because "a new style of aircraft" is actually about the aircraft, thus the aircraft should skim along the top of the atmosphere.

For your third question: Is modifier clause 'by skimming along the top of the atmosphere' present at correct place?
The modifier "by skimming along...." is placed correctly. It modify a preceding noun/noun phrase - "a new style of aircraft".


ANALYZE ALL OPTIONS:

According to its proponents, a proposed new style of aircraft could, by skimming along the top of the atmosphere, fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.

A. According to its proponents, a proposed new style of aircraft could, by skimming along the top of the atmosphere, fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.
Correct. As stated above.

B. By skimming along the top of the atmosphere, proponents of a proposed new style of aircraft say it could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.
Wrong. "by skimming" modifies "proponents" <== wrong meaning.

C. A proposed new style of aircraft could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours, according to its proponents, with it skimming along the top of the atmosphere.
Wrong. "with it skimming" is wrong. It's neither a possessive structure (should be its) nor a modifier ("it" is placed incorrectly).

D. A proposed new style of aircraft, say its proponents, could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours because of its skimming along the top of the atmosphere.
Wrong. "because of its skimming" is wordier than "by skimming". In addition, the meaning "could fly ...because of its skimming" sounds awkward.

E. According to its proponents, skimming along the top of the atmosphere makes it possible that a proposed new style of aircraft could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours
Wrong. "according to its proponents, skimming...." <== it sounds like the proponents of skimming. Hence, the meaning is not clear.

Hope it helps.
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Re: quot;According to its proponents, a proposed new style of [#permalink] New post 16 Jan 2013, 06:03
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According to its proponents, skimming along the top of the atmosphere makes it possible that a proposed new style of aircraft could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.


Hi Sachin, sort of, the issue is that it doesn't really make sense, the structure means that the 'proponents' must be talking about 'skimming' - highlighted. This is confusing as it's the aircraft that should be being talked about.

I also think there is an issue with 'makes' in this sentence.

Hope that's clear

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Re: SC - aircraft [#permalink] New post 14 May 2008, 11:02
D for me.
A. According to its proponents, a proposed new style of aircraft could, by skimming along the top of the atmosphere, fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.
Quote:
a proposed new style of aircraft after the modifier

B. By skimming along the top of the atmosphere, proponents of a proposed new style of aircraft say it could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.
Quote:
propnents after the modifier

C. A proposed new style of aircraft could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours, according to its proponents, with it skimming along the top of the atmosphere.
Quote:
According to its proponents should have started the sentence. with it skimming looks odd

D. A proposed new style of aircraft, say its proponents, could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours because of its skimming along the top of the atmosphere.
Quote:
Hold It

E. According to its proponents, skimming along the top of the atmosphere makes it possible that a proposed new style of aircraft could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.
Code:
Skimming just after modifier
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Re: SC - aircraft [#permalink] New post 14 May 2008, 18:21
Quote:
According to its proponents, a proposed new style of aircraft could, by skimming along the top of the atmosphere, fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.

A. According to its proponents, a proposed new style of aircraft could, by skimming along the top of the atmosphere, fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.
B. By skimming along the top of the atmosphere, proponents of a proposed new style of aircraft say it could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.
C. A proposed new style of aircraft could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours, according to its proponents, with it skimming along the top of the atmosphere.
D. A proposed new style of aircraft, say its proponents, could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours because of its skimming along the top of the atmosphere.
E. According to its proponents, skimming along the top of the atmosphere makes it possible that a proposed new style of aircraft could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.

This one is cool. First A is the first given sentence. Difficult to find mistake. According to its proponents, (its refer to a proposed new style of aircraft).
D - say its proponents does not sound good (though it is subjunctive). Also two 'its' be careful. Possessive Poison.
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Last edited by Leopard on 14 May 2008, 18:56, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: SC - aircraft [#permalink] New post 14 May 2008, 18:51
Modifier Issue:
A new Style cannot fly … rather its Aircraft that fly. Eliminate A, E
By Skimming along the top …. Proponents – definitely not proponents but its Aircraft – eliminate B
It has no clear referent – eliminate C
A. According to its proponents, a proposed new style of aircraft could, by skimming along the top of the atmosphere, fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.
B. By skimming along the top of the atmosphere, proponents of a proposed new style of aircraft say it could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.
C. A proposed new style of aircraft could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours, according to its proponents, with it skimming along the top of the atmosphere.
D. A proposed new style of aircraft, say its proponents, could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours because of its skimming along the top of the atmosphere.
E. According to its proponents, skimming along the top of the atmosphere makes it possible that a proposed new style of aircraft could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.

Answer: D
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Re: SC - aircraft [#permalink] New post 15 May 2008, 08:48
OA: A Thanks :-D
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Re: SC - aircraft [#permalink] New post 15 May 2008, 12:07
wow..a tough-one + 1..for post a gmatprep question and not labeling it that way..now when i take the gmatprep my result would be skewed :(

A for me too..after reading it again and again..
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Re: SC - aircraft [#permalink] New post 15 May 2008, 12:11
fresinha12 wrote:
wow..a tough-one + 1..for post a gmatprep question and not labeling it that way..now when i take the gmatprep my result would be skewed :(

A for me too..after reading it again and again..


Thanks .This question is not from GPrep. :)
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Re: SC - aircraft [#permalink] New post 15 May 2008, 12:14
saravalli wrote:
fresinha12 wrote:
wow..a tough-one + 1..for post a gmatprep question and not labeling it that way..now when i take the gmatprep my result would be skewed :(

A for me too..after reading it again and again..


Thanks .This question is not from GPrep. :)


hmm...really? i just searched it on google and saw it in a gmatprep screen..maybe its a gmatter software??
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Re: SC - aircraft [#permalink] New post 15 May 2008, 17:43
Can somebody explain why D is incorrect. Sorry but I am little lost here.
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Re: SC - aircraft [#permalink] New post 21 May 2008, 05:45
marshpa wrote:
Can somebody explain why D is incorrect. Sorry but I am little lost here.


I too chose D but then realized that the second 'its' does not have a clear anticedent. (aircraft / earth?)
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According to its proponents, a proposed new style of [#permalink] New post 02 Nov 2008, 04:19
According to its proponents, a proposed new style of aircraft could, by skimming along the top of the atmosphere, fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.

A. According to its proponents, a proposed new style of aircraft could, by skimming along the top of the atmosphere, fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.
B. By skimming along the top of the atmosphere, proponents of a proposed new style of aircraft say it could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.
C. A proposed new style of aircraft could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours, according to its proponents, with it skimming along the top of the atmosphere.
D. A proposed new style of aircraft, say its proponents, could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours because of its skimming along the top of the atmosphere.
E. According to its proponents, skimming along the top of the atmosphere makes it possible that a proposed new style of aircraft could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours
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Re: SC:moderate [#permalink] New post 02 Nov 2008, 08:39
Nihit wrote:
According to its proponents, a proposed new style of aircraft could, by skimming along the top of the atmosphere, fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.

A.According to its proponents, a proposed new style of aircraft could, by skimming along the top of the atmosphere, fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.correct
B.By skimming along the top of the atmosphere, proponents of a proposed new style of aircraft say it could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours. Skimming wrongly modifies proponents
C. A proposed new style of aircraft could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours, according to its proponents, with it skimming along the top of the atmosphere. with it skimming is not right
D. A proposed new style of aircraft, say its proponents, could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours because of its skimming along the top of the atmosphere.because of its skimming is wrong
E. According to its proponents, skimming along the top of the atmosphere makes it possible that a proposed new style of aircraft could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours what is Mr."it" referring to?



A??

Nihit can you tell us the source of this problem ?? Thanks
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Re: SC:moderate [#permalink] New post 02 Nov 2008, 09:32
A. According to its proponents, a proposed new style of aircraft could, by skimming along the top of the atmosphere, fly between most points on Earth in under two hours. - According to its proponents incorrectly modifies a proposed
B. By skimming along the top of the atmosphere, proponents of a proposed new style of aircraft say it could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours. - According to its proponents incorrectly modifies a proposed
C. A proposed new style of aircraft could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours, according to its proponents, with it skimming along the top of the atmosphere. With is too far of Car
D. A proposed new style of aircraft, say its proponents, could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours because of its skimming along the top of the atmosphere.
E. According to its proponents, skimming along the top of the atmosphere makes it possible that a proposed new style of aircraft could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours- According to its proponents incorrectly modifies a proposed


Answer:D
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Re: SC:moderate [#permalink] New post 02 Nov 2008, 11:53
OA is A
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Re: SC:moderate [#permalink] New post 29 Aug 2010, 07:47
According to its proponents, a proposed new style of aircraft could, by skimming along the top of the atmosphere, fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.

A. According to its proponents, a proposed new style of aircraft could, by skimming along the top of the atmosphere, fly between most points on Earth in under two hours. - CORRECT
B. By skimming along the top of the atmosphere, proponents of a proposed new style of aircraft say it could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours. - 'By skimming along the top of the atmosphere' is incorrectly modifying 'proponents'
C. A proposed new style of aircraft could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours, according to its proponents, with it skimming along the top of the atmosphere. - 'it' can refer to 'Earth' or 'aircraft'
D. A proposed new style of aircraft, say its proponents, could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours because of its skimming along the top of the atmosphere. - same as C
E. According to its proponents, skimming along the top of the atmosphere makes it possible that a proposed new style of aircraft could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours - awkward
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Re: According to its proponents, a proposed new style of [#permalink] New post 08 Aug 2012, 00:30
According to its proponents, a proposed new style of aircraft could, by skimming along the top of the atmosphere, fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.

A. According to its proponents, a proposed new style of aircraft could, by skimming along the top of the atmosphere, fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.
Everything else seems okay except the colored "its" referring to "a proposed new style". I wasn't sure if "a proposed new style's proponents" makes sense in the context.

B. By skimming along the top of the atmosphere, proponents of a proposed new style of aircraft say it could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours.
Meaning distortion. Having "by ~" in the front implies that "skimming ~" is the reason for the proponents' support.

C. A proposed new style of aircraft could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours, according to its proponents, with it skimming along the top of the atmosphere.
The colored one sounds like 'skimming ~' is additional information.

D. A proposed new style of aircraft, [color=#0000ff]say its proponents, could[/color] fly between most points on Earth in under two hours because of its skimming along the top of the atmosphere.
S/V agreement error

E. According to its proponents, skimming along the top of the atmosphere makes it possible that a proposed new style of aircraft could fly between most points on Earth in under two hours
Missing the subject

I chose A as the answer.
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quot;According to its proponents, a proposed new style of [#permalink] New post 05 Dec 2012, 21:25
"According to its proponents, a proposed new style of aircraft could, by skimming along the top of the atmosphere, fly between most points on Earth in under two hours."

The above sentence is the correct answer choice for one of the question in OG. Shouldn't the modifier "by skimming along the top of the atmosphere" be placed after "fly", as it essentially modifies how the aircraft flies. Is it because its a verb modifier it can come anywhere? Still if it can be placed anywhere why not after "fly", that seems more correct. Am I missing something.

Pls let me know if we need the entire passage and choice. I gave only the correct choice as I have concern only on that (I am able to see why others are wrong, but able to see how this is correct, as the misplaced modifier bothers me).

Thanks
quot;According to its proponents, a proposed new style of   [#permalink] 05 Dec 2012, 21:25
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