According to legend, Aesculapius bore two daughters, Panacea : GMAT Reading Comprehension (RC)
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# According to legend, Aesculapius bore two daughters, Panacea

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According to legend, Aesculapius bore two daughters, Panacea [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2012, 10:40
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According to legend, Aesculapius bore two daughters, Panacea and Hyegeia, who gave rise to dynasties of healers and hygienists. The schism remains today, in clinical training and in practice; and because of the imperative nature of medical care and the subtlety of health care, the former has tended to dominate. Preventive medicine has as its primary objective the maintenance and promotion of health. It accomplishes this by controlling or manipulating environmental factors that affect health and disease. For example, in Califorina presently there is serious suffering and substantial economic loss because of the failure to introduce controlled fluoridation of public water supplies. Additionally, preventive medicine applies prophylacitc measures against disease by such actions as immunization and specific nutritional measures. Third, it attempts to motivate people to adopt healthful life-styles through education.

For the most part, curative medicine has as its primary objective the removal of disease from the patient. It provides diagnostic techniques to identify the presence and nature of the disease process. While these may be applied on a mass basis in an attempt to "screen" out persons with preclinical disease, they are usually applied after the patient appears with a complaint. Second, it applies treatment to the sick patient. In every case, this is, or should be, individualized according to the particular need of each patient. Third, it utilizes rehabilitation methodologies to return the treated patient to the best possible level of functioning.

While it is true that both preventive medicine and curative medicine require cadres of similarly trained personnel such as planners, administrators, and educators, the underlying delivery systems depend on quite distinctive professional personnel. The requirements for curative medicine call for clinically trained individuals who deal with patients on a one-to-one basis and whose training is based primarily on an understanding of the biological, pathological, and psychological processes that determine an individual's health and disease status. The locus for this training is the laboratory and clinic. Preventive medicine, on the other hand, calls for a very broad of professional personnel, few of whom require clinical expertise. Since their actions apply either to environmental situations or to population groups, their training takes place in a different type of laboratory or in a community not necessarily associated with the clinical locus.

The economic differences between preventive medicine and curative medicine have been extesively descussed, perhaps most convincingly by Winslow in the monograph. The Cost of Sickness and the Price of Health_. The sickness is almost always a negative, nonproductive and harmful state. All resources expended to deal with sickness are therefore fundamentally economically unproductive. Health, on the other hand, has a very high value in our culture. To the extent that healthy members of the population are replaced by sick members, the economy is doubly burdened. Neveretheless, the per capita cost of preventive measures for specific diseases is generally far lower than the per capita cost of curative medicine applied to treatment of the same disease. Prominent examples are dental caries, poliomyelitis and phenylketonuria.

There is an imperative need to provide care for the sick person within a single medical care system, but there is no overriding reason why a linkage is necessary between the two components of a health care system, prevention and treatment. A natioanl health and medical care program composed of semiautonomous systems for personal health care and medical care would have the advantage of clarifying objectives and strategies and of permitting a more equitable division of resources between prevention and cure.
1. It can be inferred that the author regards Winslow's monograph as
(A) authoritative
(B) incomplete
(C) ill conceived
(D) well organized
(E) highly original
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

2.The main reason the author advocates separating authority for preventive medicine from that for curative medicine is
(A) the urgency of treatment encourages administrators to devote more resources to treatment than to prevention
(B) the cost of treating a disease is often much greater than the cost of programs to prevent the disease
(C) the professionals who administer preventive health care programs must be more highly trained than ordinary doctors
(D) curative medicine deals primarily with individuals who are ill, whereas preventive medicine is applied to healthy people
(E) preventive medicine is a relatively recent development, whereas curative medicine has a long history
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

Source: Cambridge Ed TestPrep Plus
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA

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Re: Preventive Medicine and Curative Medicine [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2012, 10:58
what are the aswers?
D and A
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Re: Preventive Medicine and Curative Medicine [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2012, 10:59
D and A?
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Re: Preventive Medicine and Curative Medicine [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2012, 23:12
abhishekkpv wrote:
D and A?

A, A

Hi,
Can u please explain your reasoning for picking A for the 1st question.. i was stuck between A and D.
How do we arrive at the correct option??
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Re: Preventive Medicine and Curative Medicine [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2012, 12:23
thebigr002 wrote:
Hi,
Can u please explain your reasoning for picking A for the 1st question.. i was stuck between A and D.
How do we arrive at the correct option??

This is the OE
The author refers to the monograph and continues to make points made by Winslow, and at one point calls him "convincing". D can be eliminated because style is not the point of discussion.
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Re: Preventive Medicine and Curative Medicine [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2012, 05:09
Hi

can you pls explain how is answer (a) for 2nd Qn? I am not able to pick any option.
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Re: Preventive Medicine and Curative Medicine [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2012, 07:01
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ernesto wrote:
Hi

can you pls explain how is answer (a) for 2nd Qn? I am not able to pick any option.
The last sentence talks about setting up semi-autonomous system for a more equitable division of resources. Also in the previous para there is a comparison of costs. The choice narrows down to A &B.
Since cost is a subset of resources and the last line states resources specifically, we can eliminate B.
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Re: Preventive Medicine and Curative Medicine [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2012, 07:14
According to legend, Aesculapius bore two daughters, Panacea and Hyegeia, who gave rise to dynasties of healers and hygienists. The schism remains today, in clinical training and in practice; and because of the imperative nature of medical care and the subtlety of health care, the former has tended to dominate. Preventive medicine has as its primary objective the maintenance and promotion of health. It accomplishes this by controlling or manipulating environmental factors that affect health and disease. For example, in Califorina presently there is serious suffering and substantial economic loss because of the failure to introduce controlled fluoridation of public water supplies. Additionally, preventive medicine applies prophylacitc measures against disease by such actions as immunization and specific nutritional measures. Third, it attempts to motivate people to adopt healthful life-styles through education.

For the most part, curative medicine has as its primary objective the removal of disease from the patient. It provides diagnostic techniques to identify the presence and nature of the disease process. While these may be applied on a mass basis in an attempt to "screen" out persons with preclinical disease, they are usually applied after the patient appears with a complaint. Second, it applies treatment to the sick patient. In every case, this is, or should be, individualized according to the particular need of each patient. Third, it utilizes rehabilitation methodologies to return the treated patient to the best possible level of functioning.

While it is true that both preventive medicine and curative medicine require cadres of similarly trained personnel such as planners, administrators, and educators, the underlying delivery systems depend on quite distinctive professional personnel. The requirements for curative medicine call for clinically trained individuals who deal with patients on a one-to-one basis and whose training is based primarily on an understanding of the biological, pathological, and psychological processes that determine an individual's health and disease status. The locus for this training is the laboratory and clinic. Preventive medicine, on the other hand, calls for a very broad of professional personnel, few of whom require clinical expertise. Since their actions apply either to environmental situations or to population groups, their training takes place in a different type of laboratory or in a community not necessarily associated with the clinical locus.

The economic differences between preventive medicine and curative medicine have been extesively descussed, perhaps most convincingly by Winslow in the monograph. The Cost of Sickness and the Price of Health_. The sickness is almost always a negative, nonproductive and harmful state. All resources expended to deal with sickness are therefore fundamentally economically unproductive. Health, on the other hand, has a very high value in our culture. To the extent that healthy members of the population are replaced by sick members, the economy is doubly burdened. Neveretheless, the per capita cost of preventive measures for specific diseases is generally far lower than the per capita cost of curative medicine applied to treatment of the same disease. Prominent examples are dental caries, poliomyelitis and phenylketonuria.

There is an imperative need to provide care for the sick person within a single medical care system, but there is no overriding reason why a linkage is necessary between the two components of a health care system, prevention and treatment. A natioanl health and medical care program composed of semiautonomous systems for personal health care and medical care would have the advantage of clarifying objectives and strategies and of permitting a more equitable division of resources between prevention and cure.

1. It can be inferred that the author regards Winslow's monograph as
(A) authoritative
(B) incomplete
(C) ill conceived
(D) well organized
(E) highly original

2.The main reason the author advocates separating authority for preventive medicine from that for curative medicine is
(A) the urgency of treatment encourages administrators to devote more resources to treatment than to prevention
(B) the cost of treating a disease is often much greater than the cost of programs to prevent the disease
(C) the professionals who administer preventive health care programs must be more highly trained than ordinary doctors
(D) curative medicine deals primarily with individuals who are ill, whereas preventive medicine is applied to healthy people
(E) preventive medicine is a relatively recent development, whereas curative medicine has a long history

Source: Cambridge Ed TestPrep Plus

Really nice passage! I must say I got a little unnerved after reading the first 2 paragraphs! Questions that followed were relatively simple though.

P.S : Kudos given! :D
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Re: According to legend, Aesculapius bore two daughters, Panacea [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2014, 05:18
According to legend, Aesculapius bore two daughters, Panacea and Hyegeia, who gave rise to dynasties of healers and hygienists. The schism remains today, in clinical training and in practice; and because of the imperative nature of medical care and the subtlety of health care, the former has tended to dominate. Preventive medicine has as its primary objective the maintenance and promotion of health. It accomplishes this by controlling or manipulating environmental factors that affect health and disease. For example, in Califorina presently there is serious suffering and substantial economic loss because of the failure to introduce controlled fluoridation of public water supplies. Additionally, preventive medicine applies prophylacitc measures against disease by such actions as immunization and specific nutritional measures. Third, it attempts to motivate people to adopt healthful life-styles through education.

For the most part, curative medicine has as its primary objective the removal of disease from the patient. It provides diagnostic techniques to identify the presence and nature of the disease process. While these may be applied on a mass basis in an attempt to "screen" out persons with preclinical disease, they are usually applied after the patient appears with a complaint. Second, it applies treatment to the sick patient. In every case, this is, or should be, individualized according to the particular need of each patient. Third, it utilizes rehabilitation methodologies to return the treated patient to the best possible level of functioning.

While it is true that both preventive medicine and curative medicine require cadres of similarly trained personnel such as planners, administrators, and educators, the underlying delivery systems depend on quite distinctive professional personnel. The requirements for curative medicine call for clinically trained individuals who deal with patients on a one-to-one basis and whose training is based primarily on an understanding of the biological, pathological, and psychological processes that determine an individual's health and disease status. The locus for this training is the laboratory and clinic. Preventive medicine, on the other hand, calls for a very broad of professional personnel, few of whom require clinical expertise. Since their actions apply either to environmental situations or to population groups, their training takes place in a different type of laboratory or in a community not necessarily associated with the clinical locus.

The economic differences between preventive medicine and curative medicine have been extesively descussed, perhaps most convincingly by Winslow in the monograph. The Cost of Sickness and the Price of Health_. The sickness is almost always a negative, nonproductive and harmful state. All resources expended to deal with sickness are therefore fundamentally economically unproductive. Health, on the other hand, has a very high value in our culture. To the extent that healthy members of the population are replaced by sick members, the economy is doubly burdened. Neveretheless, the per capita cost of preventive measures for specific diseases is generally far lower than the per capita cost of curative medicine applied to treatment of the same disease. Prominent examples are dental caries, poliomyelitis and phenylketonuria.

There is an imperative need to provide care for the sick person within a single medical care system, but there is no overriding reason why a linkage is necessary between the two components of a health care system, prevention and treatment. A natioanl health and medical care program composed of semiautonomous systems for personal health care and medical care would have the advantage of clarifying objectives and strategies and of permitting a more equitable division of resources between prevention and cure.
1. It can be inferred that the author regards Winslow's monograph as
(A) authoritative
(B) incomplete
(C) ill conceived
(D) well organized
(E) highly original
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

2.The main reason the author advocates separating authority for preventive medicine from that for curative medicine is
(A) the urgency of treatment encourages administrators to devote more resources to treatment than to prevention
(B) the cost of treating a disease is often much greater than the cost of programs to prevent the disease
(C) the professionals who administer preventive health care programs must be more highly trained than ordinary doctors
(D) curative medicine deals primarily with individuals who are ill, whereas preventive medicine is applied to healthy people
(E) preventive medicine is a relatively recent development, whereas curative medicine has a long history
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

Source: Cambridge Ed TestPrep Plus

Hey all, this is a very good passage but its such a bummer to only have TWO questions after reading 5 paragraphs!
Is there any chance we can have the rest of the questions for this one?

Cheers!
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Re: According to legend, Aesculapius bore two daughters, Panacea [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2014, 19:09
I'm not totally convinced by "authoritative". Shouldn't it be "well organized" such that the author felt convinced?
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Re: According to legend, Aesculapius bore two daughters, Panacea [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2014, 05:48
pretzel wrote:
I'm not totally convinced by "authoritative". Shouldn't it be "well organized" such that the author felt convinced?

Nope if a thing is convincing it is authoritative resource.
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Re: According to legend, Aesculapius bore two daughters, Panacea [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2014, 07:13
Some help with Q (2) ?
"the urgency of treatment encourages administrators to devote more resources to treatment than to prevention" -
where in the passage is there any reference to the "urgency" of either of the two options?
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Re: According to legend, Aesculapius bore two daughters, Panacea [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2015, 20:53
I'm wondering what would be the primary prpose of this passage?
1. Discussing 2 types of medical practice
or
2. Compare different types of medical practice

Any discussion is welcome

Thanks!
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Re: According to legend, Aesculapius bore two daughters, Panacea [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2015, 04:21
sytabish wrote:
I'm wondering what would be the primary prpose of this passage?
1. Discussing 2 types of medical practice
or
2. Compare different types of medical practice

Any discussion is welcome

Thanks!

I feel this is opiton 1. Not comparison. This is just a discussion on 2 types of medical practice.

My ans : A, A

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Re: According to legend, Aesculapius bore two daughters, Panacea [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2015, 18:58
ronr34 wrote:
Some help with Q (2) ?
"the urgency of treatment encourages administrators to devote more resources to treatment than to prevention" -
where in the passage is there any reference to the "urgency" of either of the two options?

I also thought same. Urgency is not discussed. However, B may be the answer, since the cost of curative treatment is higher, might wanna separate the divisions.
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Re: According to legend, Aesculapius bore two daughters, Panacea [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2016, 22:00
Also from this

"
Neveretheless, the per capita cost of preventive measures for specific diseases is generally far lower than the per capita cost of curative medicine applied to treatment of the same disease "

And option A reduces the scope to administrators. And as mentioned, pointing out to urgency implies curtailing the scope for the passage

For Q 2, I feel B has better scope than A.
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Re: According to legend, Aesculapius bore two daughters, Panacea   [#permalink] 20 Apr 2016, 22:00
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